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Photoshop CS4 for Photographers is an essential course for any digital photographer who wants to master the software's vast array of image enhancement techniques. Professional photographer and instructor Chris Orwig uses his own compelling images to demonstrate how the power of Photoshop can make photographers more passionate about their work. He covers many aspects of the application, such as working with RAW images, using curves and levels, making images snap, and enhancing bland photographs by converting them to black and white. Exercise files accompany this course.
In this brief chapter I'm going to share with you some techniques that you can use in order to add edges or borders around your photos. We are going to start off by working on this file mickey.psd and this is a portrait of the legend shaper and surfer Mickey Munoz. So let's go ahead and crack this one open. Now the first thing that I want to do is I want to take this to Full Screen View mode, press the Spacebar to reposition the image and as you can tell Mickey is an incredibly creative man. The guy is such a good shaper and surfer, just really fascinating person. Now what I want to do is add a border around this image. Now in order to do that I first want to expand my canvas. Now the easiest way to expand your canvas is to make sure your background color, in this case is White, whatever you want the background to be, in my case White. So I have white in my background, grab the Crop tool and then click and drag and expand that across the image. The next thing that you want to do is to actually expand it beyond the image so that you have around the entirety of the image and then double-click to apply that.
Now once we have done that we now have this negative space around the image. Now I have one background that's white. So let's go ahead and take a look at that. We will turn off the visibility of this layer and click into that background White Layer. Well I want to fill that layer with white. Now to fill it with white in my case, to fill with my background color, it's Command+Delete on a Mac/Ctrl+Delete on a PC. Now I also have this black background and I would like to fill that one with Black. So, in my case on a Mac/Option+Delete; on a PC that is Alt+Delete to fill with that foreground color.
Okay great. Now all that I did here was extend my canvas, so now I can either have this black or this white background. You also notice that I have this photo and then I have another treatment of the photo here. So, I have two different versions in this particular layered document. Well let's start off with a colored version and let's click on the top-most layer and then create a new layer and I want to create a new layer by way of shortcut. Do you remember the shortcut to create a New Layer? So that the dialog window opens up. It's Shift+Command+N on a Mac/Shift+Ctrl+N on a PC. I want to name this layer Frame.
So what I'm going to do is grab my Brush tool and with my Brush tool selected I'm going to then go and select an interesting brush. By default there aren't that many interesting brushes included inside of Photoshop, there are a few and we could grab one of those and then all that we would need to do would be to begin to paint with that. In my case I want to paint with my background color let's say white. I'll just go ahead and begin to add a little bit of a scratch border across the top there. Now I also have some other interesting brushes that I have gotten from a few other sites. So I'm going to get a couple of those, go ahead and click off the image here and I'm just going to click to add that to my photograph and I'll go and select another by right-clicking, in this case I'll choose this brush up here and I'm just looking to add a little bit of a distressed look to this photo here. Right-click, I want to choose another brush and click off of that and then apply those adjustments. Now I know that this edge is coming into the middle of my frame, but I'm okay with that because I'll be able to clean that up in a few minutes.
Right-click, I'm going to choose another brush and again you see that one of things that I'm looking to do here is to try to create different edges with different brushes. I'm looking to create a little bit of a variety with this particular file and again I'm just going to select that brush, move my image way over, I just want a little bit of that distressed edge there, I like that. I think that is looking pretty interesting. Right-click and we are getting close here, so stick with me on this one and I'll go ahead and add some of that down there and again I'm just looking to try to create some kind of a little bit of a distressed border.
Now here is another nice trick for you. Rather than flipping your brush with the Brush Engine, you can create a new layer and I'll go ahead and right-click and select one of these brushes. And I'm going to paint that here and then press Command+T on a Mac/Ctrl+T on a PC to free transform that. I'll go ahead and free transform that down and then I'm going to reposition that particular edge down here. Now, as I said so far I have this nice interesting edge, I have a lot of white that's spilled over into the middle, well all that I need to do is to grab my Eraser tool, so I'll grab that from the tool box and start to clean that up and I'm just going to clean up that brush and then go into my Frame Layer and clean that one up.
Now the exact style of your edge is really going to be contingent upon what effect you are trying to create. In my case I'm trying to have a little bit of fun with this and kind of push this one pretty far, get creative and here you can see I have my frame. Now I have my frame on two layers, which I don't really like in my case. So I'm going to merge these down. So I'll click on the top-most layer, press Command+E on a Mac/Ctrl+E on a PC. That then merges those together. Those two became one, so I now have my frame on one layer.
Now one of the reasons why I want this frame on one layer is I may decide -- rather than white I really want to go black. So, if I turn on my Black Border I now I have this white edge that's kind of going everywhere. We are seeing all the rest of it. Well now all that I need to do is invert this layer. You can do that by pressing Command+I on a Mac/ Ctrl+I on a PC and now that black edge is tying into the black background. If I don't like that, Command+I and then get rid of that black border and I'm back to where I was. And the nice about this is I can use this border for other images. For example, I have another version of the image here and in this case I can turn that on and off and here is my edge up top and I can continually modify that edge. In addition I haven't gotten rid of any pixels. I have simply painted with a white brush on top of my image in order to create this interesting edge or border.
Well, obviously there are some other techniques that you use to create edges and borders. We will look at some of those in the next few movies.
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