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In this movie I'll show you how to adjust white balance using the Temperature and Tint controls and this is another one of those things that Camera Raw does better than Photoshop. Now I first introduced you to these controls back in Chapter 8 of the Fundamentals course, but rest assured we're going to take a deeper dive this time. So once again I have Swim meet-1 through 4 selected in Bridge, and I'll press Ctrl+R or Cmd+R on a Mac, in order to bring up Camera Raw, and then I'll press Ctrl+A or Cmd+A on the Mac, in order to select all of the thumbnails, and then you'll see the White Balance controls at the top of the Basic panel.
Now the whole purpose of white balance is to neutralize the light source, so as long as the light source comes off as being white, then the colors in your scene will look accurate. So you can start things off if you like by selecting a light source. For example, if you select Cloudy, you're going to go ahead and warm up the scene as you see here. If you choose something like Tungsten, then you're going to cool the scene down. Now that may seem like the opposite of the way it should work, after all tungsten is a very warm light source, and as all of us know, cloudy days produce cool images.
What Camera Raw is trying to do is compensate for that light source, so in order to make the colors look right on a cloudy day, they need to be made more warm. Whereas to make a scene look right when it was shot using tungsten lighting, you need to cool the scene down. You can also manually adjust the Temperature setting, so notice if I drag this slider triangle over to the right, I'm going to warm up the scene. If I drag it over to the left, I'm going to cool the scene down, and I might go ahead and set this to something pretty darn warm such as 4900.
Now that's 4900 degrees Kelvin by the way, which is actually a very cool light source. Again, Camera Raw is compensating for that light source. Next, drop down to the Tint slider and as I explained back in Chapter 8, this is a perpendicular access of color, so Temperature runs across the big color wheel at one angle and Tint run through the wheel at a perpendicular angle. So, at this point I'm thinking that there is a little bit too much pink inside the scene, so I'm going to compensate by dragging away from pink.
We never want to add green or pink to a scene. You really just want to get rid of a preponderance of that color, so I'll go and take this value down to something like -14. Another way to work and you may prefer this way over fiddling with the controls is to take advantage of this White Balance tool, which often times produces impeccable results. Go ahead and select the tool and then the idea is you want to click on a light gray, and the reason you want to go with the light gray is because there will be a little bit of a color cast inside of it, you don't want to go with a dark gray, because shadows tend to contain a lot of noise.
So in the case of this image you might click inside the eye for example, in order to neutralize the scene. You could try to click on the tooth, but the thing is teeth contain a certain amount of yellow, and so Camera Raw is probably going to end up over compensating as we see here, or because my youngest son Sam here is wearing a cap that includes a stripe of white, you could just go ahead and click on that white in order to neutralize the scene as well and that ends up coming off quite nicely. All right, now I'm just going to nudge this value up by pressing the Up Arrow key and you can see each time you press Up Arrow, when Temperature is selected, you increase that value in increments of 50 degrees or you can press Shift+Up Arrow in order to move in increments of 500 degrees.
Anyway, I'm going to take that back down to something like 4550 should work, and then I might drop down to the Tint value and adjust it as well, maybe take it up a couple of increments, totally up to you, White Balance is ultimately a subjective modification. And then when you're done, go ahead and click on the Done button in order to return to Bridge and update your thumbnails. And that's how you quickly and easily correct the White Balance of your images using the Temperature in Tint controls inside Camera Raw.
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