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Correcting distortion

From: Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training

Video: Correcting distortion

In this movie, we are going to take a look at how we can improve this particular photograph and in this particular case, one of the things that happened is I was using a little bit of a shorter focal length lens and as a result I'm a little bit closer to the subject and that's creating a little bit of distortion. So we want to fix that. So let's go ahead and copy that Background layer by clicking and dragging it to the New Layer icon. Next, what we are going to do is navigate to our Filter pulldown menu and chose Distort and then what we are looking to do here is select Lens Correction. So what we are going to do here is remove a little bit of the distortion. So let's go ahead and just bring this in, just a touch there. All right, go ahead and click OK.

Correcting distortion

In this movie, we are going to take a look at how we can improve this particular photograph and in this particular case, one of the things that happened is I was using a little bit of a shorter focal length lens and as a result I'm a little bit closer to the subject and that's creating a little bit of distortion. So we want to fix that. So let's go ahead and copy that Background layer by clicking and dragging it to the New Layer icon. Next, what we are going to do is navigate to our Filter pulldown menu and chose Distort and then what we are looking to do here is select Lens Correction. So what we are going to do here is remove a little bit of the distortion. So let's go ahead and just bring this in, just a touch there. All right, go ahead and click OK.

Well now that we have done that, the image is already looking better. Here we have our before and then after, just pointing the face back a little bit. All right, well let's turn off the visibility of that Background layer. Here we can see that it distorted the background edge. Now a couple of things we can do here; we could use a Clone Stamp tool or the Healing Brush and paint this back or we could just crop it. Let's go ahead and just crop this, so we will grab our Crop tool and it's not that big of an area of the edge, so I'm okay with losing some of that. I'm just going to bring my Crop tool to the closeness of those edges and then press Enter or Return and now here we will be able to see a real nice before and then after. Okay great, well so far so good. Let's zoom in on the image a little bit more.

Then next thing I want to do is work on the ear over here. There are number of different ways that we can do this. One way is to grab the Marquee tool. We will go ahead and make a marquee selection of the ear and I just want to tuck that in a bit and again, just because of the perspective I have is drawing a little bit too much attention to ear, so let's say we want to push that in a bit. So I'll press Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC, copy that selection to a new layer. Then we are going to press Command+T on a Mac, Ctrl+T on a PC and then right-click or Ctrl-click and choose Warp. What we can do with these Warp controls is that we can bring this in really nicely. So I'll just go ahead and look to bring this in a bit and again just tuck that in there, a touch. All right, and then press Enter or Return to apply that.

Here is our before and then after, just a nice way to bring that in. We could, of course, also go to our Filter and then Liquify dialog. We will go ahead and open up Liquify, zoom in on the ear right and we are going to use this particular tool here which allows us to warp things. I want our Brush Size to be relatively small, the Density and the Brush Pressure, we are going to keep pretty low and then I'll go ahead and decrease my Brush Size by pressing the left bracket key and then I'm just going to make my way across this area and bring that part of the ear in a bit. Then bring up my Brush Pressure, a little bit more pressure here so I can make stronger edits and again just looking to bring that ear back, just a bit.

I will go ahead and shift the other side over too and then click OK to apply that and again, just trying to do some quick little retouch in ear. Here is our before and then after. All right, so far so good. Let's click on the Add Layer Mask icon, grab our Brush tool by pressing the B key. I'm going to paint with black and we are just going to clean up these edges here, we want to mask those away because I had this real hard edge selection. I want to make sure I'm disguising all those edges. All right, great. So far so good. Here is our before and then after, subtly improving this photograph. What else could we do here? One of the things I want to do next is work on the nose. So go ahead and click back into that Background copy layer, we are going to make a selection of the nose. So we are going to make a selection of nose that goes beyond the nose. So we want to make a pretty big selection here and then we will copy that to new layer. Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC. Then we will press Command+T.

Once we press Command+T, and that's Command+T on a Mac/Ctrl+T on a PC, we are just going to decrease the size of the nose here, just a touch and then press Enter or Return. Then what we want to do is just position this so we can get it just right there and then mask it in. `So I'll click on the Add Layer Mask icon, grab our Brush tool. You know where we are going with this, right? And we are going to go ahead and fix up those edges. So we will paint with black along those edges just to fix this up a little bit and then here is our before and then after, just subtly bringing that size of the nose down.

We can also reposition this. I want to bring it over a little bit and perhaps up. I'll do that as well. That might be kind of nice. I'll need to do a little bit more masking work because I have now shifted this over a bit and then hit the X key to fix that up a little bit more there, little bit of give and take with that, isn't it? And then here is our before and after. It looks like the position of the nose is just off a bit, before and then after and again I'm just going to nudge this around till I find just the right spot for this one and I think that is looking pretty good.

All right, well now that we have a little bit of a decrease size there, go ahead and click in the nose, go to Filter. I'm going to choose Liquify and zoom in on the nose and I'm just going to change the shape of this just a touch. So I'll make my brush a little bit smaller and I'm just going to bring that up and also bring in the sides of the nose here, just a bit. Again, just looking to make this just a touch, smaller, it's a subtle little adjustment but sometimes this happens as a result of the way we capture our photographs. So this can help clean things up a little bit that happened as a result of distortion due to the way the image was captured. We will click OK there and then take a look at our nose, kind of before and after. Here is before and then after.

It's a little bit of a significant change but nonetheless, it looks really clean and natural and we just want to go and then just make sure that with our mask, we are masking away, any little problem areas and I'm working pretty fast on this image, so there maybe a couple of little edges we need to touch up. But for the most part, I think we are going in a good direction. Let's take a look. Here is our before and then after. So far, so good. We are moving forward with this image. Next thing I want to do is sharpen it. So I'll double-click the Zoom tool to go to 100%, click in the topmost layer. Press Shift+Option+Command+E on a Mac, Shift+Alt+Ctrl+E on a PC and I want to apply some sharpening across that whole image to unify all that I have done. I'll navigate to Filter > Sharpen and Smart Sharpen.

Now because this is a pretty low-res file, I'm going to have a real low pixel radius there, 1, 2 or 3 probably. I think 3 was kind of nice. That looks pretty good there. My Amount, I'll bring down just a touch and click OK. All right, well that's looking pretty good. Overall before and then after. Subtle, yet significant enhancements to the structure of this particular photograph. And the last thing we may want to do with this one is work on the background. There are so many different ways that we can do that. One way would be to simply click on the Adjustment Layer icon and choose Curves and then now that we have this Curves adjustment, what we are going to do is go into our Masks and choose Color Range and I'll click on the background there and grab the Eyedropper with the + icon and just look to add more to that background there.

Grab the - Eyedropper and try to subtract some from the subject there, lower the Fuzziness a bit and then the + Eyedropper, again trying to get best selection of the background that we can and then click OK. It's decent, let's double-click the icon for the Curves Adjustment there and I'll go ahead and just brighten or whiten that background. Now it's not the best selection in the world. So we may need to fix it up a bit. We click in the mask, with our Brush tool we are going to paint with black. We are going to paint with black across the image for any areas where the edges don't look very good, where it brought some brightness into photograph here.

I am just going to go ahead and make my way along this edge as well and just clean this one up, just a bit there and one of the things that's happening here is my edge is just a little bit too crisp and we can fix that edge by going into our Mask panel, right? And of course by zooming in and making our brush a little bit smaller too, we can really sweeten up this edge. Now I'm not going to go into the full detail of making this thing just pixel perfect, but we are getting closer, just cleaning up these edges here. This one we need to do some good work with over here, so I'll trying to do that, kind of quickly, just to clean up this line, my brush a little bit bigger there.

All right, we are getting close, aren't we? Okay, well so far so good. Now back to the Mask panel and here what we can do is feather this edge a little bit which would just give a little bit of softness to the edge which is nice and that is a wrap. We have done quite a bit with this image. Let's take a look at our before and after and maybe even zoom in a little bit. Here is our before and then after. Some significant structural changes as well as a little bit of work on the background. Now that last adjustment wasn't essential but it was kind of a nice way just to finish this image off.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training
Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training

175 video lessons · 25500 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 3m 22s
    1. Introduction
      2m 35s
    2. Using the exercise files
      47s
  2. 16m 24s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      5m 21s
    2. Retouching workflow strategies
      3m 58s
    3. Retouching roadmap: Making notes
      2m 33s
    4. Using a Wacom Tablet
      2m 21s
    5. Resources and inspiration
      2m 11s
  3. 19m 44s
    1. White balancing in Adobe Camera Raw
      5m 51s
    2. White balancing with curves
      3m 10s
    3. Fine-tuning color with curves
      2m 17s
    4. Color-correcting white and black points in a photo
      3m 32s
    5. Color-correcting with a color card
      2m 59s
    6. Applying curves adjustments to another image
      1m 55s
  4. 35m 37s
    1. Reducing red skin tones
      3m 36s
    2. Correcting and enhancing skin colors
      2m 46s
    3. Introducing skin tone color correction
      3m 0s
    4. Color-correcting skin by the numbers
      2m 59s
    5. Color-correcting light skin tones: Male
      3m 25s
    6. Color-correcting light skin tones: Female
      2m 40s
    7. Color-correcting light skin tones: Children
      2m 46s
    8. Color-correcting medium light skin tones: Female
      2m 46s
    9. Color-correcting medium dark skin tones: Male
      3m 44s
    10. Color-correcting dark skin tones: Male
      5m 15s
    11. Color-correcting dark skin tones: Female
      2m 40s
  5. 34m 28s
    1. Using the Spot Removal tool
      5m 11s
    2. Deconstructing Clone and Heal spot removal
      2m 59s
    3. Cleaning up small skin variations
      5m 36s
    4. Reducing blemishes and skin shine
      3m 53s
    5. Cleaning up a portrait backdrop
      1m 39s
    6. Cleaning up a backdrop
      4m 33s
    7. Reducing wrinkles and Camera Raw workflow
      7m 46s
    8. Removing lens dust from images
      2m 51s
  6. 1h 1m
    1. Creative tip: Leaving crumbs
      1m 8s
    2. Removing background distractions
      7m 31s
    3. Removing elements with the Patch tool
      8m 27s
    4. Removing T-shirt graphics
      4m 6s
    5. Removing distractions near subjects
      6m 5s
    6. Simplifying a background
      7m 24s
    7. Cleaning up small facial details
      5m 50s
    8. Simple skin retouching project
      7m 29s
    9. Reducing hot spots
      4m 55s
    10. Cleaning up small hair details
      9m 2s
  7. 19m 39s
    1. Taking notes on an image
      2m 8s
    2. Cleaning up small details
      7m 12s
    3. Improving an eyebrow
      4m 13s
    4. Working on shadows
      6m 6s
  8. 15m 36s
    1. Cleaning up the background
      4m 27s
    2. Creative tip: Letting go of perfection
      1m 25s
    3. Improving the face
      5m 8s
    4. Cleaning up the details
      4m 36s
  9. 24m 41s
    1. Cleaning up the background
      5m 43s
    2. Improving background tone and texture
      6m 21s
    3. Fixing details and wrinkles
      4m 33s
    4. Final detail corrections
      4m 22s
    5. Bonus color enhancements
      3m 42s
  10. 38m 49s
    1. Creative tip: Movie critic
      58s
    2. Correcting tone with the Adjustment brush: Male
      5m 31s
    3. Correcting tone with the Adjustment brush: Female
      4m 58s
    4. Brightening with the Dodge tool
      3m 37s
    5. Correcting tone with curves
      5m 9s
    6. Enhancing with curves and the Burn tool
      3m 40s
    7. Quickly correcting tone with curves
      3m 35s
    8. Brightening with soft light blending
      4m 35s
    9. Darkening corners with soft light blending
      3m 54s
    10. Enhancing tone with shadows and highlights
      2m 52s
  11. 36m 11s
    1. Reducing shallow wrinkles with the Healing brush
      4m 32s
    2. Reducing wrinkles with Clone Stamp blending
      4m 2s
    3. Reducing deeper wrinkles with the Healing brush
      5m 57s
    4. Organizing layers and masking
      3m 15s
    5. Using the Dodge tool and blending modes on wrinkles
      4m 9s
    6. Using cloning, healing, and curves on wrinkles
      7m 33s
    7. Removing face and garment wrinkles for a magazine cover
      6m 43s
  12. 1h 1m
    1. Creative tip: Art and craft
      59s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 25s
    3. Enhancing eye details
      3m 55s
    4. Brightening eyes
      6m 4s
    5. Improving eyes and darkening edges
      5m 38s
    6. Improving eyes with curves and color
      5m 3s
    7. Enhancing eyes with curves
      3m 42s
    8. Changing eye color
      6m 18s
    9. Adding a catch light
      2m 19s
    10. Sharpening eyes behind glasses
      4m 27s
    11. Whitening eyes
      2m 24s
    12. Whitening eyes in detail
      7m 44s
    13. Creating "Hollywood eyes"
      3m 24s
    14. Modifying pupils and eye edges
      5m 11s
  13. 15m 27s
    1. Reshaping an eyebrow
      3m 24s
    2. Improving texture around an eyebrow
      3m 8s
    3. Darkening an eyebrow
      3m 50s
    4. Adding mascara to increase eyelash density
      2m 11s
    5. Adding eyelashes
      2m 54s
  14. 18m 11s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone
      3m 22s
    2. Using curves and Hue/Saturation to improve lips
      4m 28s
    3. Adding dimension, shine, tone, and color
      4m 11s
    4. Improving shape and tone
      6m 10s
  15. 11m 53s
    1. Creative tip: Ansel Adams
      1m 36s
    2. Whitening teeth with the Dodge tool
      2m 14s
    3. Whitening teeth with Hue/Saturation
      5m 17s
    4. Removing a gap between teeth
      2m 46s
  16. 35m 20s
    1. Patching a gap in hair
      2m 45s
    2. Covering hair discoloration
      3m 20s
    3. Brightening hair for emphasis
      3m 8s
    4. Brightening dark roots
      4m 27s
    5. Adding hair
      4m 39s
    6. Fixing roots and hair color
      4m 17s
    7. Removing flyaway hairs
      12m 44s
  17. 36m 12s
    1. Additional makeup resources
      1m 30s
    2. Brightening shadowed areas on the face
      2m 46s
    3. Adding color to the cheeks
      4m 59s
    4. Improving the lips
      3m 3s
    5. Modifying lip color
      4m 28s
    6. Adding makeup
      3m 31s
    7. Modifying eye makeup color
      4m 58s
    8. Increasing color saturation and variety
      3m 19s
    9. Changing eye makeup color
      3m 15s
    10. Creating dimensions with contours
      4m 23s
  18. 45m 5s
    1. Creative tip: Know when to hold 'em
      1m 18s
    2. Reducing skin highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Cleaning up small skin blemishes
      5m 19s
    4. Healing small skin blemishes
      3m 15s
    5. Minimizing color variance
      3m 31s
    6. Reducing small details
      4m 40s
    7. Advanced skin enhancement
      6m 17s
    8. Beauty skin workflow
      8m 50s
    9. Fashion project pt. 1: Background cleanup
      4m 21s
    10. Fashion project pt. 2: Skin cleanup
      3m 19s
  19. 1h 5m
    1. Basic skin cleanup
      2m 49s
    2. Advanced blemish removal
      6m 39s
    3. Skin softening
      7m 5s
    4. Basic skin cleanup
      3m 42s
    5. Enhancing texture and tone
      5m 12s
    6. Basic retouching final steps
      4m 27s
    7. Final skin softening
      6m 53s
    8. High-Pass skin softening
      7m 38s
    9. Creating a skin-softening action
      7m 18s
    10. Speeding up skin softening with masking
      7m 1s
    11. Skin cleanup and softening with Camera Raw
      6m 53s
  20. 57m 33s
    1. Creative tip: The ethics of retouching
      1m 31s
    2. Yoga project
      8m 52s
    3. Fashion project pt. 1: Improving the facial expression
      2m 44s
    4. Fashion project pt. 2: Changing the arms
      4m 43s
    5. Fashion project pt. 3: Modifying the legs
      2m 54s
    6. Fashion project pt. 4: Increasing the height
      2m 29s
    7. Fashion project pt. 5: Working with light
      6m 4s
    8. Flamenco project pt. 1: Modifying the waist
      3m 37s
    9. Flamenco project pt. 2: Improving the waist
      1m 54s
    10. Flamenco project pt. 3: Adding height
      2m 16s
    11. Flamenco project pt. 4: Color and tone
      2m 52s
    12. Muscles project pt. 1: Introducing the Liquefy filter
      2m 46s
    13. Muscles project pt. 2: Using the Liquefy filter
      5m 12s
    14. Muscles project pt. 3: Burning and dodging
      6m 19s
    15. Muscles project pt. 4: Using curves
      3m 20s
  21. 43m 31s
    1. Improving the jaw line with Forward Warp Liquefy
      3m 21s
    2. Improving the jaw line with Push Left Liquefy
      3m 25s
    3. Improving the jaw line with the Free Transform tool
      1m 55s
    4. Creating simple symmetry in the face
      7m 21s
    5. Improving the Shape of Eyes, Ears, Nose and Face
      3m 49s
    6. Tailor fitting a wedding dress
      2m 32s
    7. Improving the face
      3m 20s
    8. Reducing the stomach size
      4m 28s
    9. Correcting distortion
      8m 49s
    10. Combining multiple exposures
      4m 31s
  22. 46m 0s
    1. Creative tip: Seal on photography
      1m 28s
    2. Color-correcting skin tones
      4m 8s
    3. Reducing blemishes
      3m 33s
    4. Enhancing tone
      3m 22s
    5. Adding makeup
      5m 17s
    6. Creating dimension with contours
      2m 57s
    7. Sharpening eyes
      5m 22s
    8. Improving eyes
      4m 44s
    9. Lightening dark roots
      1m 26s
    10. Smoothing skin
      3m 38s
    11. Enhancing color
      3m 29s
    12. Modifying the background
      6m 36s
  23. 38s
    1. Goodbye
      38s

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