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Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment


From:

Photo Restoration with Photoshop

with Janine Smith

Video: Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment

Yet another way to make a color correction to an image is to balance the color in each channel using the Color Balance adjustment. First we're going to go to the bottom of our Layers panel, select the Create a new fill or adjustment layer icon, and select Color Balance. Even though an image is in RGB or red, green, blue color, mode, that doesn't mean that red, green, and blue are the only colors present in the image. Where the primary colors overlap in an image, just like on the color wheel, you get new colors.
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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Photo Restoration with Photoshop
3h 53m Intermediate Oct 13, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.

Topics include:
  • Assessing the damage
  • Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
  • Removing small splits, specks, and spots
  • Repairing red eye
  • Reassembling torn photos
  • Removing stains
  • Fixing mold damage
  • Understanding the basics of levels and curves
  • Correcting color problems
  • Repairing and recreating backgrounds
  • Sharpening a photo
  • Comparing before and after images
Subjects:
Photography Restoration
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Janine Smith

Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment

Yet another way to make a color correction to an image is to balance the color in each channel using the Color Balance adjustment. First we're going to go to the bottom of our Layers panel, select the Create a new fill or adjustment layer icon, and select Color Balance. Even though an image is in RGB or red, green, blue color, mode, that doesn't mean that red, green, and blue are the only colors present in the image. Where the primary colors overlap in an image, just like on the color wheel, you get new colors.

Likewise, if you subtract a color, you get a new color. If you take red from blue and green, you get a mixture called cyan. Subtract green from blue and red--you get magenta. Red and green make yellow. Red, green, blue, cyan, magenta, and yellow--these are the six colors that make up the Color Balance adjustment. Color Balance is all about adding and taking away colors to adjust the image. First thing you want to do in this dialog is keep the Preserve Luminosity box checked.

Then you'll go to each tone in turn--the default is Midtones, but we're going to check Shadows first--and move your sliders, looking at your preview image over here, to see how this is going to look. This is a very green image. We want to take some of the green out, so we'll go more toward red. If we add more green, it gets very green. Let's go toward magenta, see how blue looks. We don't want to go toward yellow, because it is a green/yellow cast. Once you find the place you like, click on your next tone, in this case Midtones, and move your slider from side to side to see which has the best result for you, and just continue along these lines.

You can get it a very cool effect if you go more toward your blues. You can bring a little bit of your greens back in if it gets too cool, keep away from your yellows and go to your greens. You can just do whatever you like. Now let's move to the Highlights and add some red back in. Cyan makes it a little too blue. Let's see, green or magenta we want to keep away from the reds. Keep that one more toward the middle, moderate. See what yellow does. Move it over to the blue. Just go through and move your sliders and kind of eyeball how it's going to go.

If you don't like the result completely, you can always go, as we often do, and let's add a new fill or adjustment layer, put a Curves adjustment on top of it, see if that brings out any more of your colors. It may be to your liking, and it may not. It could be a good starting point in Color Balance. In this case I actually like the Color Balance result better. Don't limit yourself to just a few color-correction methods.

Color Balance is another one of the under-appreciated and little-used adjustments in Photoshop. By adding and taking away colors in the color channels, you can correct many color problems, lessening the colorcast and bringing out the tones that you didn't even realize were there.

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