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Once you go to the trouble of creating and customizing a layer style on one layer, you can use the same layer style again on other layers. The way to do that is just to copy a layer style between layers. You can do that within an open photo or if you have more than one photo open, you could even copy from one to the other. So for example, here I've a photo with a few mattes behind it. I'll turn these layers on and off so you can see what's on them. The top layer that you can see has a photo that's surrounded by transparency. Behind that is this plain gray matte, which has transparent pixels around it and you can see through those transparent pixels to the plain white matte beneath.
We turn this back on. I also have a type layer here that says ASPEN. I'm going to leave that off for now. I'm going to add an inner shadow to the gray matte layer here. By selecting the gray matte layer and then going down to fx and choosing Inner Shadow. That opens the Layer Style dialog box. I'm going to push it to the right a little bit, so that we can see the most important parts. With Inner Shadow selected and highlighted here, I can customize that shadow. I'm going to try to increase the size of the shadow a bit.
And as I do, you can see that shadow around the gray box. It really makes the gray matte looked pushed in as if it's behind the white matte. Now I'm going to click OK in the Layer Style dialog box to apply that Inner Shadow to the gray matte layer. Let's say that I'd like to make the photo look pushed in as well, so that it looks like it's behind the gray matte. To do that I can copy this customized Inner Shadow from the gray matte layer. I'm going to Ctrl+Click on a Mac or right-click on a PC on the Inner Shadow Effects layer, and I'm going to down from the menu that appears and choose Copy layer style.
And then I'm going to go and click on the photo layer and again I'll Ctrl+Click on the Mac or right-click on the PC, and this time I'll choose Paste Layer Style, and now the photo looks like it's receded behind the gray matte. Let me apply that same Inner Shadow to a text layer to give the text a cutout look. I'm going to click on the eye icon to the left of the ASPEN text layer and then I will be sure to click on the ASPEN layer to select that layer. I've the Move tool selected in the Toolbox. So to move that text, I just click and drag and I'm putting it in the place where it can't be seen very well, because it's white text against a white sky there.
To define that text, I can add the Inner Shadow. I could just copy and paste as I did a moment ago, but I want to show you another way to copy effects between layers, and that is to hold down the Option key on a Mac or the Alt key on a PC and drag the Inner Shadow sublayer on top of the ASPEN layer and then release. So that adds the effect here in the Layers panel and it also adds the effect to the text in the image. If I didn't like the way that it came out, I could open the Layer Style dialog box for the ASPEN layer and tweak it further.
But I think its fine the way it is. So you can see that you can use the same layer style multiple times by copying it and pasting it from layer to layer.
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