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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Advanced, the second part of the popular and comprehensive series, updated for CS5, follows internationally renowned Photoshop guru Deke McClelland as he dives into the workings of Photoshop. He explores such digital-age wonders as the Levels and Curves commands, edge-detection filters, advanced compositing techniques, vector-based text, the Liquify filter, and Camera Raw. Deke also teaches tried-and-true methods for sharpening details, smoothing over wrinkles and imperfections, and enhancing colors without harming the original image. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisite: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
All right, I'm still looking at the Blue skin brown hair.psd file. All I've done is twirl open this group called eyes layers, and then I went ahead and turned on the irises layer down here. Now, the question becomes, not why does it looks so gorgeous, because so far it looks terrible, but rather, how did I get this far? How did I make this irises layer? Well, I went ahead and selected the old irises, not the original irises, just the old ones that haven't been colored yet, but we're liquefied. Then I copied them and I scaled them to size.
And I'll show you how that works. I'm going to start things off by turning off the irises layer, and then I'm going to click on brow & nose and make that layer active. And I'm going to turn off the blue group right there. And the easiest way to select these irises, I want perfect circles, so I'm going to use the Ellipse tool. So I'll click and hold on the Rectangular Marquee tool and choose the Elliptical Marquee tool, or I can press the M key. And then I'm going to drag around this iris while I press the Shift key, so I get a perfect circle. Notice that I'm also pressing the Spacebar, so I can move this guy around, and align it perfectly with that old iris.
Now, I want to select as much iris as possible, because it needs to get really super big, so the less scaling I can do the better. However, I don't want to go too far outside. I don't want to get any of this darker area here that could end up turning a different color once I start editing it. Anyway, this selection is good, now I'm going to add this other iris to the selection, by pressing and holding the Shift key and then dragging, and that allows me to add one selection to another. I want to make sure it's a perfect circle though.
You can see that I can make it some elliptical form if I want to right now, because it's unconstrained. I'd have to release the Shift key, while I still have my mouse button down. And then I press and hold the Shift key again, and now I'll keep the Shift key down until after I release the mouse button, so that I'm getting a perfect circle out of it. And now I'm using the Spacebar, I still have the Shift key down, I've got both Shift and Spacebar down, so that I can align this ellipse with the iris and then I'll make it bigger so that I select as much of this iris as possible. And this is about as much as I want right there.
So I now have the two irises selected. Now how do I go about copying them? Most likely, in the case of this image, everything is right there in the liquify eyes layer, because we're masking away the brow & nose layer around the eyes. I don't think we're getting any of that. However, we might have a little bit of this edge at the nose that's included in this brow & nose layer. And what I really want to do is copy what I'm seeing onscreen. And anytime you want to copy the effect of all visible layers working together, then you go up to the Edit menu and you choose Copy Merged or you can press Ctrl+Shift+C, Command+Shift+C on the Mac.
Now then, I'm going to click on the irises layer, now that I have those irises in the clipboard. I'm going to click on the old irises layer right there, and I'm going to go up to the Edit menu and I'm going to choose the Paste command, which will paste the irises directly into the selection outline, so everything will be perfectly aligned. And you can do that just by pressing Ctrl+V or Command+V on the Mac. But let's say that I don't have that selection outline anymore. I'll just click off the selections, disappears. If I were to press Ctrl+V now, or Command+V on the Mac, the irises would just appear any old place.
They'll actually be centered inside of the composition. I'm going to undo that. If you want to align them with the point at which they were copied, you go up to the Edit menu and choose Paste Special, and then you choose this new command inside Photoshop CS5, Paste In Place, which has a keyboard shortcut of Ctrl+Shift+V or Command+Shift+V on the Mac, and that goes ahead and paste the irises exactly where they belong. Now, at this point I want to scale the irises, of course, make them bigger. And I want to scale them so they match the old irises layer down here.
So I'll turn that old layer on for a moment. Now, when I first created this layer, obviously I just eyeball things. However, because I've got my old eyeballs to work from, we might as well exactly match them. Now, I'm going to click on this irises layer for a moment. Just so that I can see the difference between the old irises and the new irises, I'm going to fill the old ones with white. And white happens to be my background color. So I can fill one opaque area, I can replace the opaque pixels in any given layer, in the active layer, with a new color by pressing the Shift key along with Backspace.
And in order to get the background color, you add Ctrl. So it's Ctrl+Shift+Backspace here on the PC, it's Command+Shift+Delete on the Mac, to fill just those opaque pixels with the background color. All right, that will just give us something to align to. Now I'm going to switch back to this new irises layer, let's go ahead and call it new irises in fact. And I'm going to scale each one of the irises independently. So I'll switch from the Elliptical Marquee tool to the Rectangular Marquee tool. And the reason I'm doing that is because I'm no longer concerned about the shape, I already have the shape of the iris defined as a perfect circle, now I'm just concerned about selecting general areas.
I'm going to make a big selection like that to include that entire iris there. Then I'm going to go up to the Edit menu and I'm going to choose the Free Transform command. You can also press Ctrl+T or Command+T on the Mac. Then I'm going to go ahead and scale this iris. Now, I want to make sure to scale it proportionally, so I'm going to press the Shift key as I drag a corner handle, like so. And then I'll Shift+Drag this corner handle as well, maybe scoot things over a little bit, until I get this guy aligned. I'm actually nudging it from the keyboard now by pressing the Arrow keys.
Let's go ahead and move that little origin point right there, that target, to what appears to be the center of the iris. And now, in order to scale, not only proportionally, but with respect to that center point, I'm going to press the Shift+Alt keys, like so, as I drag this corner handle, that Shift+Option on the Mac, and then I'll move it out until it appears to more or less exactly match. That looks like a good match to me. And then I'll press the Enter key here on the PC or the Return key on the Mac in order to accept that transformation. Let's go ahead and do the same thing with this iris, go ahead and select a general area, go up to the Edit menu and choose the Free Transform command.
That's Ctrl+T, Command+T on the Mac. Go ahead and begin scaling this by pressing the Shift key of course, as I'm dragging the corner handles, nudge it into a better place, so that it appears to be more or less centered. Get this target to the center, like so, and then Shift+Alt+Drag or Shift+Option+Drag on the Mac in order to match one to the other, scaling with respect of course to that target point there, that transformation origin. And then I'll press the Enter key in order to accept the modification, click off in order to deselect, and we now have two big old irises to work with.
In the next exercise, we're going to begin to refine these irises so they look more at home inside the composition.
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