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Learning how to use Adobe Photoshop efficiently and effectively is the best way to get the most out of your pixels and create stunning imagery. Master the fundamentals of this program with Julieanne Kost, and discover how to achieve the results you want with Photoshop and its companion programs, Bridge and Camera Raw. This comprehensive course covers nondestructive editing techniques using layers, masking, adjustment layers, blend modes, and Smart Objects. Find out how to perform common editing tasks, including lens correction, cropping and straightening, color and tonal adjustments, noise reduction, shadow and highlight detail recovery, sharpening, and retouching. Julieanne also shows how to achieve more creative effects with filters, layer effects, illustrative type, and the Photomerge command for creating panoramas and composites.
In this image I want to select not only the window frame but also the little arch above it, so that I can darken it down a little bit. And that way it'll appear as if the window and those bricks there in the archway are receding a little bit. And it'll provide a little bit more contrast in that area. Now, to do this, I'm going to use a combination of both the Rectangle and the Elliptical Marquee tool, but first I'm going to hide my rulers because I was showing them from the last video. So to hide your rulers, we'll select View and then Rulers, and we'll just select this and that will toggle it off. I'm going to start with the Elliptical Marquee tool, so I'll select that from the tool bar.
And then I want to make sure that I have this initial option selected. This will just allow me to make a selection as opposed to add to a selection, or subtract from a selection, or intersect a selection. And, we learned in the last video that, if I kind of drag out rectangular lines from the top here and then down the side, that's where I would want to start my Elliptical Marquee. Kind of at that intersection that I'm imagining. Because just like the Rectangular Marquee, the Elliptical Marquee is going to drag from the upper left. And now I can go ahead and just drag that out to position it over the arch. Now if you don't start in the right location, it's not a problem. You can hold down the space bar as long as your mouse is still down, as long as you're still drawing the marquee, you hold down the space bar and then you can change the point of origin from which you're dragging. So you just hold down the space bar and maybe I'll move it over to the left a little.
And then I"ll let go of the space bar and then I can continue dragging out my Elliptical Marquee. And if you don't get it exactly right, and you've already let go of your mouse, don't worry. Because you can go underneath the Select menu. Now, not the Edit menu. Because if I went under Edit and I used Free Transform, I would be transforming the pixels underneath the marquee. That's not what I want. If you use the Select menu, you can then choose to Transform your selection. And if I transform the selection now all I'm doing is transforming the marching ants.
I'm not actually transforming the pixels underneath them. So if you need to transform the selection, you can do so. You can select any of the midpoints, or you can come over and select the corner points. If you need to distort the selection a little bit, you can hold down the Cmd key on Mac or the Ctrl key on Windows. And you can see how my marquee is switching to this white arrow, and now I can pull on any of the anchor points in order to distort my selection. In addition, if I needed to rotate the selection, if you position your cursor outside of the selection handles, you can go ahead and click and drag in order to rotate those.
And you always have one level of undo while you're transforming a selection, just like you do when you're in the Edit Free Transform. So I can use Cmd or Ctrl+Z to undo that. If you want to back out completely, then you can click on the Cancel icon, but I actually like that transformation so we'll go ahead and we'll just select this icon. Course you can also use your Arrow keys. We use the Arrow keys in previous videos to move a layer but because we have a selection I'm going to move the selection marquee.
Now all of this would change if I went over and selected the Move tool. I have the Move tool selected and I use my Arrow keys I'm actually going to be moving pixels, so if you just want to move the selection you need to stay on the Selection tool. And the we can use our Arrow keys like the up Arrow key, the down Arrow key, we can use the right and left Arrow keys. And of course, if you add the Shift key to those then you'll move them or nudge them in larger increments. Alright. Now I need to select the area down here, the rest of the window. So I'll switch to the Rectangular Marquee tool.
I need to add to the selection, so I'll want to make sure I have the 2nd icon selected. And I'm going to start right over here on the left hand side, position my cursor on top of the other marching ants and then click and drag out, in order to add that to my selection. But I don't want to change the brightness of the window, so I need to subtract those out. So I'm going to switch over to the minus or subtract from and then we'll just click and drag in order to remove all of these window panes from my selection.
So I'm going to have to sit here and drag a few times now. I'm off a little bit there so I'll hold down that space bar in order to reposition and then we'll subtract that out. Or another way I could do this, is I could click and subtract out all of these windows at once, and then use the plus to add back in the little window separators here. We can go ahead and do this either way. It just kind of depends on how your brain works. So I think this is a little quicker, because I don't have to make quite as many selections. But really you can do it either way.
Alright, now that we have the selection the way that we want it. We need to do something to that selection. And I realize that we haven't talked very much about Adjustment Layers. But in your Adjustment's panel and if your Adjustment panel isn't showing go under the Window Menu and Show Your Adjustments. I'm going to select the icon in the upper left. That's my brightness and contrast icon. Now, the second I clicked on that, Photoshop converted my selection into a mask. So we can see on my layers panel that I've got an adjustment layer.
This is the icon for the adjustment. This is the icon for the mask. Where the mask is black, we're not going to see an adjustment. But where the mask is white, that was the area that we'd selected. We are going to see an adjustment. So if I start moving the brightness slider to the left, you can see that we're decreasing the brightness in just this brick area and the window frame. We're not adjusting the brightness of the actual window panes themselves. I wanted to make it brighter; obviously we could go the other way. Now let's go ahead and make it significantly darker. And maybe even add a little bit of contrast.
Then I'll close the Properties panel by clicking on the two Arrows here. And we can toggle on and off a before and after by clicking on the eye icon next to the adjustment layer. So there was before, and there's after. You can see how by darkening down that area, the window frame, as well as the arch, it kind of makes it look like it's in shadow so it gives the illusion that it's actually pushed back further than that front wall. So, as you can see, it helps to look at the entire area that you want to select and break it down into its basic shapes. That way you can use a combination of the selection tools like the Rectangular and Elliptical Marquee tools to make what initially looks like a complex selection but is really just made up of a few simple shapes.
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