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Photoshop CS5 for Photographers provides comprehensive Photoshop training targeting the needs of photographers. In this course, author Chris Orwig demonstrates the fundamental skills used to enhance digital photos, including managing and correcting color, sharpening, making selections and adjustments, retouching, and printing from Photoshop. In addition to teaching the techniques that enable photographers to refine and publish their photos, the course includes live-action segments that encourage thinking photographically and shooting with Photoshop’s capabilities in mind. Exercise files are included with the course.
Here, let's go ahead and take a look at how we can use the Spot Healing Brush in order to really clean up this photograph. Let's say that we have a vision for this image and the vision is to really focus in on this hand-painted sign with all of these different rust streaks. What we want to do is we want to remove some of the distracting elements like the hose and some of the poles. Well, let's copy our background layer, press Command+J or Ctrl+J. Let's go ahead and name this new layer c1 for cleanup 1. Next, we're going to select the Spot Healing Brush. Make sure Content-Aware is turned on.
Then we'll go ahead and make our brush just a little bit bigger than the area I want to work on, which in this case we're going to start off with this pole here, and I'll go ahead and click and drag along this area and just make my way down to the bottom of the image here, and then once I get there let go, and that will help me really remove that. Now, if there are any problem areas, what I can do is simply go back and go over those again in order to clean those up even more. All right. Well, what about something like this hose. How could we remove that? Well, let's compare something for a second.
If we go to Proximity Match and simply click and paint over this, what we're going to see is that it's not going to do a very good job. Here there's all of this different bleeding and weird repeating letters and whatnot. Let's undo that, Command+Z on a Mac, Ctrl+Z on a PC. Well, now if we do the same thing with Content-Aware turned on, it's not going to do an amazing job. It's not going to be perfect, but it's going to be a heck of a lot better. We'll go ahead and make our way around, and here we can see that yes, it did do a much better job. Yet the only problem is there's a little bit of kind of weird bump here.
Let's undo that and take a look at how we can make that bump even better. Well, in this case, what I'm going to do is make my brush even smaller. I'm going to try to be a little bit more exact in regards to my brush size. I'm going to take my time as I make my way down the image here, not do this in such a haphazard way, because I want to have this look even better. Well, now you can see this is much cleaner and as I make my way through this image, you can see it's already looking better. Now again, it's not going to be perfect, but it's going to be a pretty good start and then later what we'll do is we'll take a look at how we can use some of our other tools in order to really clean this up.
Now, the one thing that you definitely want to do is make sure that you do cover up the hose. You don't want it to be too small, so you get those little edges. You can see I have a couple of little edges there on that selected area that we cleaned up. All right. Well, let's go ahead and make our way through this, and I'm just going to go pretty quickly over here, and make our way all the way over to this side, and then stop right about there. All right. Well, let's zoom out once this is done and see how we're doing. Well, so far so good. Here's our before and then after. We're not finished though. Let's keep at it.
Well, the next thing I'm going to do is make my brush huge. I'm going to go ahead and click and paint over this entire area on the right-hand side of the photograph and then let go. Now again, this is not going to do an exact perfect job, but once again, it's a pretty nice start. Next up, I'm going to grab my Clone Stamp tool. With Clone Stamp tool, I'll go ahead and sample a clean area and I just want to brighten this up. There's a little bit of kind of color contamination over there. Once I've done that, I'm going to make my way down over here as well and also over here, just looking to kind of clone away some of these little problems that we had.
The Clone Stamp tool, while it's good, it's not perfect. What it does pretty good at is bringing in new content. What we almost always need to do afterwards is go back and do some healing. Well, let's zoom into this area here and take a look at how we can clean this one up. What we need to do really is just lessen that little bump right there and do the same thing over here as well, just changing that edge just a touch, so it's a little bit of a tighter view there. All right. Well, now that we've done some of these rough adjustments, let's go ahead and take a look at how we can clean this up even further.
Next up, we're going to grab the good old-fashioned Healing Brush. This time, we can hold down the Option or Alt key, sample, and paint. This will do a really nice job at bringing back some of this texture and whatnot, and just really removing any little repeating patterns that we had. So, all that we're going to do is Option +Click or Alt+Click in different areas, and just look to try to clean this up and make this a little bit better. We can do the same thing over here where we did some of our other cloning work. We'll build this up little by little.
So, one of the things that you can see here is that it's going to be a combination of all of these tools together. There is no one super tool. Although some of the tools work really well to get us started, sometimes we need to go on with some of our finishing tools in order to really finish stuff off and to make this look even better. All right. I'll just make my way through here just a touch, again, just looking to try to get that a little bit more clean there, and press the S key to go to the Clone Stamp tool. With the Clone Stamp tool selected, I'm going to work on this sign here.
The nice thing about this sign of course, is that it's rustic, so it doesn't need to look perfect, but I just want to finish it off a little bit more. All right, I'll remove a little of these distractions too while we're at it and again, we could keep going and keep going with things like this, but for the most part, I think we've tackled this pretty successfully. Well, let's take a look at our before and after. Well, here we have before and then after. The amazing thing about this is we took just a couple of minutes in order to remove some really major elements in this image.
Now, if we were to really actually want to retouch this say for a finer print, we're probably going to spend another ten minutes working on all the little details, making these lines just perfect, making this area over here, the tone, a little bit better. Yet the point that I want to illustrate here wasn't how we can spend ten more minutes on this image doing little teeny touchup work. But rather, how we can use the Spot Healing setting of Content-Aware, which really gives us a jumpstart on a lot of our retouching. Also, keep in mind that the concept here is how we can remove something around complicated areas and how Photoshop now has this ability to analyze some of these surrounding areas in order to build up and create some pretty amazing and strong results.
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