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In the all-new Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery, the third and final installment of the popular series, join industry expert and award-winning author Deke McClelland for an in-depth tour of the most powerful and empowering features of Photoshop CS5. Discover the vast possibilities of traditional tools, such as masking and blend modes, and then delve into Smart Objects, Photomerge, as well as the new Puppet Warp, Mixer Brush, and HDR features. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisites: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals and Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Advanced.
In this exercise, I am going to explain how to work with the Clean and Load Brush options and you'll also see how to load and paint with multiple colors at a time. I've restored the saved version of Color stripes.psd. Notice this menu right here contains a variety of presets which modify the Wet, Load, and Mix values. So I'd like you to go ahead and choose Wet, which will change the Wet value to 50%, Load to 50%, and Mix to 50%. I don't really care if Load is set to 50%. In fact, I want it to be 100%. So I'll Shift+scrub right over the word Load in order to change that value to 100 as we're seeing there.
Now notice these icons right there, we've got one that's called Clean brush after each stroke. So in another words, you paint with red at the beginning and then you end up picking up all this other color. And you clean the brush and make it red again before you apply the next brushstroke and by default, that's the way it's set up. You also have this other one that's asking you if you want to load the brush with color or if you'd rather paint directly from the colors inside the image. By default, they are both turned on, but if you end up turning either these icons off, you do have the option here of cleaning the brush or loading the brush manually.
So here is what I am going to start off doing. I am going to turn off Clean brush after each stroke. So you can see what happens there. So the first brushstroke is going to be loaded with a little bit of red here and let's say, I stopped someplace in the yellow region. Now notice, this little item right there that indicates the colors that I am painting with. It's showing me the new color of my brush which is round against the old brush color background which is red. So now if I begin painting, I am going to begin painting with this yellowish sort of orange color and then if I release on blue, why now I've introduced blue into that reservoir.
If I start painting here, I've got a little blue on my brush and so on. So I keep picking up these colors and smearing them into each other. Now, if I were really painting with traditional tools on a wet canvas then that's what would happen. I'd keep picking up more and more colors, I'd smear the colors into each other, I'd make a ginormous mess of the colors on my paintbrush. That's actually not necessarily desirable. So under most situations, you go ahead and clean your brush every single time. That's a big advantage to working with digital media, is that kind of thing can happen.
But you can also clean the brush manually. If you like working this way for whatever reason in a specific piece of artwork, and then you decide, I really need to clean things up. Then you choose Clean Brush and watch this little Reservoir icon. It'll change from having this sort of bluish yellow world inside of it. As soon as I choose Clean Brush, it's going to have no color whatsoever. Then what I would do, I could dial in a different foreground color here and notice, that'll go ahead and load that color into the Reservoir. All right so that's one option available to you, I am going go ahead and Turn On the Clean Brush icon and this time, I'm going to turn off Load Brush after each stroke.
This option is great. If you're trying to paint just from the colors inside of an image or photograph then this is the way to work. It's almost like a finger-painting tool. I am going to press the F12 key in order to revert the image, just to clean up those brush strokes. Now, if I paint from yellow, I will smear from yellow, and if I paint from the blue stripe, I will smear the blue stripe, and if paint from the green stripe, I'll smear it to, and same with the violet stripe there. Either direction as well, I can smear those other colors into them. I could smear blue into yellow; I could smear green into blue; I could smear violet if I had any left into the other colors.
This ends up being a terrific function as we will see later. Now, at any point of time, if you want to bring red back into the picture, you choose Load Brush and you've got red loaded, and you can begin to paint with it a little bit too. But it soon gets wiped out because of our 50/50 Mix and because of the amount of Wetness that we're applying. Notice it disappears because we're not loading that color on a regular basis. All right, one more thing I want to show you. I'll go and press the F12 key once again in order to revert the image.
I am going to turn the Load Brush icon back on and I am going to turn Clean Brush off for just a moment, so that you can appreciate what might happen here if we were to paint kind of up into this region. Notice now that I've lifted a kind of cleft of colors right there. That is the last brush full of color that I have picked up here is a combination of weak red mixed with some blue and some yellow, right as we're seeing it there inside the Image window. So if I start painting over in this region, notice that we're painting with that same pattern that we last left off with.
Well, you can also lift patterns like that from the Image by Alt+clicking or Option+clicking on the Mac. So, we're basically taking advantage of that Eyedropper trick when otherwise using the Brush tool. So, let me show you how that works. I am going to turn back on the Clean Brush option and again, press the F12 key just to clean things up. Now, let's say that I want to lift a region of color. If you want to lift an entire region then you just press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, and notice you don't see the Eyedropper; you see this Target cursor instead.
I'm going to Alt+click, or on the Mac Option+click, right about there and notice, there are those exact same colors lifted here inside of that reservoir. Now, if I paint inside of the Image window then I end up painting with that combination of colors right there. It's a little bit light once again because of our combination of 50/50 Wet and Mix options, but that is something you can do. Another thing that you can do in case you don't want to lift a bunch of colors at the same time, if you just want to lift a single color, why then click on this down pointing arrowhead and say you want to load solid colors only.
Then if I press the Alt key or Option key on the Mac, notice that we end up getting the Eyedropper indicating that we're lifting a single color nothing more. If I click and hold, we get that familiar ring showing the former foreground color in the bottom and the new foreground color at the top. So I've now successfully lifted violet as the foreground color with which I'm going to smear colors inside of that image. So that's how all of the Mixer options work up there in the Options bar. In the next exercise, we are going to take this wealth of information and apply it to the task of shading an image.
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