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Building an object

From: Photoshop CS5: Selections in Depth

Video: Building an object

Another use for selections that you may not have thought of is that you can use selections to create graphics - graphics for the web or for other purposes. To show you how to do that, I'm going to make a brand-new file from scratch, going up to the File menu and choosing New, I will go to the Preset menu and choose web, and I will click OK. Here, I am going to start by creating a selection with the Marquee tool. I am going to click and drag to make the body of a simple pipe. I want to add a rounded end to this pipe, so I am going to go back to the toolbox, and I am going to select the Elliptical Marquee tool.

Building an object

Another use for selections that you may not have thought of is that you can use selections to create graphics - graphics for the web or for other purposes. To show you how to do that, I'm going to make a brand-new file from scratch, going up to the File menu and choosing New, I will go to the Preset menu and choose web, and I will click OK. Here, I am going to start by creating a selection with the Marquee tool. I am going to click and drag to make the body of a simple pipe. I want to add a rounded end to this pipe, so I am going to go back to the toolbox, and I am going to select the Elliptical Marquee tool.

I will be adding to this selection, so I will go up to the Options bar and click the Add to selection icon. Then I will move into the image, and I will click and drag an oval that goes from the top to the bottom of the pipe, horizontally. With the mouse still held down, I will press my Spacebar, and I will move over to the left. When things are all lined up, I will release my mouse and release the Spacebar, and that created a bit of a concave end for this pipe. Now I am going to fill this selection with a gradient, and that should turn this relatively simple selection outline into an object that has a dimensional appearance.

I will click on the Gradient tool in the toolbox, then I will go up to the Options bar, and I will click on the gradient sample there to open the Gradient Editor. I am going to choose one of the preset gradients. I will click on this Copper gradient, and then I will customize the gradient by coming down to this Gradient bar and removing the two colors stops in the center of this bar. I will click on one of the stops and then drag to remove it, and I will do the same on this second stop. So now I have just a simple brown-to-lighter brown gradient.

I will click OK, and then I will go up to the Options bar, and I want to click on this icon for the Reflected Gradient style. I also want to Reverse the colors in the gradient so that the lighter color will be in the center of this pipe and the darker colors around the edges of the pipe. I will move into the horizontal center of the pipe, I will hold down the Shift key to constrain horizontal movement, and I will drag vertically. The direction and the length of this line determine what the gradient will look like when I release my mouse and release the Shift key.

I actually like that result. If I didn't like this result, I could just come in and draw that gradient line over again as many times as I want. Now I am going to deselect by pressing Command+D on the Mac, Ctrl+D on the PC. And you can see what the pipe looks like so far. Now I want to make a concave end over here on the left. So I will go back and get the Elliptical Marquee tool. I will move back down into the image, I will line up my cursor with the top of the pipe, and I will click and drag an oval.

When the bottom of the oval is aligned with the bottom of the pipe, with my mouse still held down, I will press the Spacebar and move over to the left, so that the oval is centered at the end of the pipe. And then I will release my mouse, and I will release the Spacebar. I am going to fill that elliptical selection with another gradient that will make it look like the inside of the pipe. So I will go back to the Gradient tool again in the toolbox. Again, I will click on the Gradient sample in the Options bar, and again, I am going to select the Copper Preset gradient.

This time I am going to leave it with all its stops and click OK. I will come back into the image, I will click in approximately the center of my oval selection, I will hold the Shift key to constrain horizontal movement, and I will drag vertically. And that makes the end of the pipe look like the inside of the pipe. If I don't like that result, I can always redraw that gradient, clicking in the center again and dragging up. This time I will drag a little bit longer line, and I like that result better. I am also going to add a stroke to this oval selection.

I will select a color for the stroke by holding down the I key to temporarily change my cursor to an eyedropper, and I will click here, and that sets my foreground color. And then I will go to to the Edit menu, down to Stroke. I will make a stroke that's about two pixels wide. I will leave everything else at its defaults, and I will click OK. Now I am going to deselect by pressing Command+D on the Mac, Ctrl+D on the PC. So, there is my pipe. Now this is a relatively simple object, but remember, I made this completely from scratch, using only a few selection boundaries and some gradients and a stroke.

There is a lot more that I could do to this pipe. For example, I could jump it up onto its own layer by making a rough selection around it and then choosing Layer > New > Layer via Copy, or using the keyboard shortcut Command+J or Ctrl+J. With the pipe on its own layer, I can use the new Puppet Warp feature to bend it. I will go to Edit > Puppet Warp, I will click to add some pins, and then I will click on one of those pins and drag to bend the pipe.

I will click on my center pin, and I will hold down the Option key to bring up the Rotate icon, and then I will move outside of that icon and drag to bend the pipe in the middle. When I am happy with the results, I will go up to the Options bar, and I will click the check mark there, and that commits that Warp. I can also see a copy of the pipe on the background layer below. To eliminate that, I will select the Background layer in the Layers panel. I have white as the background color in the toolbox, and so to fill the whole Background layer with white, I will press Command+Delete on the Mac; that's Ctrl+Backspace on the PC.

So those are some ideas for how you can use Selections to create graphics from scratch.

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This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS5: Selections in Depth
Photoshop CS5: Selections in Depth

47 video lessons · 22141 viewers

Jan Kabili
Author

 
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  1. 2m 40s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 28s
  2. 30m 22s
    1. Changing part of an image
      5m 2s
    2. Using Content-Aware Fill
      5m 31s
    3. Compositing images
      4m 18s
    4. Correcting part of a photograph
      3m 51s
    5. Replacing a sky
      4m 46s
    6. Cropping an image
      1m 8s
    7. Building an object
      5m 46s
  3. 18m 52s
    1. Understanding selections and masks
      7m 26s
    2. Deselecting and reselecting
      2m 23s
    3. Hiding selection boundaries
      3m 15s
    4. Moving selection boundaries
      2m 14s
    5. Inverting selections
      2m 9s
    6. Selecting all
      1m 25s
  4. 17m 8s
    1. Transforming selections
      3m 16s
    2. Combining selections
      7m 31s
    3. Expanding selections
      6m 21s
  5. 41m 48s
    1. Selecting hair, pt. 1
      6m 26s
    2. Selecting hair, pt. 2
      6m 6s
    3. Removing color fringe
      5m 17s
    4. Selecting an object with hard and soft edges
      6m 55s
    5. Anti-aliasing vs. feathering
      9m 9s
    6. Working with Refine Mask
      7m 55s
  6. 16m 14s
    1. Selecting rectangles with the Rectangular Marquee tool
      6m 29s
    2. Selecting ovals with the Elliptical Marquee tool
      4m 44s
    3. Selecting straight edges with the Polygonal Lasso tool
      5m 1s
  7. 18m 9s
    1. Selecting freehand with the Lasso tool
      4m 57s
    2. Selecting precisely with the Pen tool and paths
      7m 32s
    3. Snapping to edges with the Magnetic Lasso tool
      5m 40s
  8. 28m 11s
    1. Selecting painlessly with the Quick Selection tool
      5m 33s
    2. Making the Magic Wand tool work for you
      5m 23s
    3. Selecting colors with the Color Range command
      5m 39s
    4. Changing colors with Replace Color and Hue/Saturation
      5m 16s
    5. Working with the Background Eraser tool
      6m 20s
  9. 20m 55s
    1. Selecting layer transparency
      3m 31s
    2. Selecting image luminosity
      3m 47s
    3. Increasing contrast in Camera Raw
      8m 40s
    4. Fine-tuning a color channel selection
      4m 57s
  10. 17m 1s
    1. Saving selections for reuse
      6m 2s
    2. Loading and modifying saved selections
      4m 54s
    3. Sharing selections between images
      6m 5s
  11. 13m 54s
    1. Cleaning up selections in Quick Mask
      4m 42s
    2. Filtering selections in Quick Mask
      2m 34s
    3. Painting selections in Quick Mask
      2m 10s
    4. Making Step and Repeat web buttons in Quick Mask
      4m 28s
  12. 32s
    1. Goodbye
      32s

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