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I'm still working away inside Light bulb on blue.jpg, found inside the 27_pen_tool folder. In the previous exercise we went ahead and constructed a Basic vector mask, using the Ellipse tool and nothing more. Now we need to flesh out some more of this light bulb and we are going to do so by adding a Rectangle. The reason being, the next portion of the light bulb that we need to select is this portion down here, so basically the stem or the shaft of the light bulb, however you want to think of it. And a rectangle is the best way to go because we can then build up the rectangle using small Ellipses in order to represent this rippling texture here.
So I'm going grab my Rectangle tool, and you want to make sure by the way that the vector mask is active here inside the Layers panel and you can see that its active for me, and it has the double outline around it, and that way you are going to be drawing inside of it by default and notice not only is the Paths option selected up here it option bar, but also this Add to path area item is on. So I won't be drawing a new path, I will be adding to the existing path. I can also see that as indicated by the cursor. It's basically a double plus sign. What it really is, is a cross with a plus sign next to it.
All right now I'm going to drag from about here, so I'm well inside of the circle up top there and I am going to drag down. Now that's a way too wide to hold the bottom of light bulb there. So I'll Spacebar+drag this guy over a little bit and then I'll release the Spacebar and tighten the size of the rectangle until it looks like this. This should actually do us pretty nicely and then release. And notice that we have now added one Path outline to the other Path outline to create one big Path. That looks like a keyhole right now as you can see.
So it doesn't do a particularly good job of tracing the contours of the light bulb yet, but you can see where we're going with this or maybe you can see where we're going. We obviously have to add some more Paths here and here's how we are going do that. I am going to zoom in once again and then I am going switchover to the Ellipse tool and you know what, there's no sense in going down to the fly-out menu all the time when all the tools are represented up here in the Options bar. So I can just go ahead an click on this guy right there and then I will drop my cursor down to this region here and you might think of it as a kind of glass love handle, resting on top of a metal waistline, and the reason I think that's helpful is because it is rounded, therefore it should be drawn using the Ellipse tool.
So I will go ahead and drag with the Ellipse tool like so, and this doesn't necessarily have to be a circle although I am going to press the Shift key to make it one, just so that we have an absolutely smooth contour right there. Now if we've got a love handle on one side, we've got it on the other too. There are not absolutely symmetrical to each other because even though the glass is fairly symmetrical, the metal portion of the light bulb is not. So don't get bent out of shape if one of these circles hangs off farther from the rectangle than the other one does, but we are going to go ahead and duplicate this circle right there.
So I will press the A key a couple of times in my case, in order to switchover to the Black Arrow tool or I could just select the Black Arrow tool if I preferred and I will go ahead and click on this circle to select it and then I am going Shift+Alt dragging, or Shift+ Option dragging on the Mac, because I want to duplicate it and at the same time I want to constrain my drag to absolutely horizontal here, and then I will drop that circle into place. So I now have two circles representing either side of this light bulb, both of the love handles. All right, what next? What in the world are we going do? How are we are going to fill out this area here? Well, it's going to be a combination of adding to our existing shapes and then subtracting this empty area over here, the negative space, away from the shapes that we add and so let's go ahead and add the shapes we need first and then we will run the subtraction in the next exercise.
So I'm going to add using the Rectangle tool. Go ahead and grab it once again and then I will drag from about here because, well, it's around this area here where the path outline needs to slope away from the circle and then it's going to rejoin things right about at this location, on the left-hand point, inside of the circle. So I will drag like about so here in order to create this kind of rectangle and I might even take it all the way over. I might as well take it over to this area here in order to fill out that region.
So we are just basically acknowledging the fact that this area in here needs to be selected at some point in time and then we are going to go in and subtract from these regions once again using the Ellipse and Rectangle tools in the next exercise.
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