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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Brightening teeth


From:

Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Brightening teeth

In this movie, I'll show you how to whiten and brighten teeth using a combination of the Sponge and Dodge tools. And I'm going to zoom in on the model's teeth and I'm also going to switch to the retouch layer, because after all the entire mouth is masked away on the blur layer. Now I think most people's temptation is to grab the Dodge tool, because we look at teeth and we see them as being yellow, they're dingy, let's brighten them up and you start painting across a smile and that does brighten up the teeth. And that's because the teeth ultimately have too much saturation.
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  1. 19m 15s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 27s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop
      4m 7s
    3. Opening from the Macintosh Finder
      4m 9s
    4. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      2m 45s
    5. Opening an image from Mini Bridge
      1m 16s
    6. Opening through Camera Raw
      2m 32s
    7. Closing one image and Closing All
      1m 59s
  2. 38m 14s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface
      3m 12s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      4m 27s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      4m 29s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Adjusting a few screen prefs
      4m 16s
  3. 45m 58s
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      3m 3s
    3. The Image Size command
      3m 27s
    4. Common resolution standards
      3m 20s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      4m 36s
    6. Changing the print size
      6m 16s
    7. Downsampling for print
      4m 12s
    8. Downsampling for email
      3m 11s
    9. The interpolation settings
      5m 22s
    10. Downsampling advice
      4m 36s
    11. Upsampling advice
      6m 10s
  4. 53m 17s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      2m 58s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 19s
    1. The art of saving
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      6m 0s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 38s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 41s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 19m 36s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      3m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      3m 1s
    4. Straightening a crooked image
      2m 29s
    5. Filling in missing details
      6m 44s
    6. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 42m 6s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      3m 19s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 5s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color cast in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 49s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures
      5m 58s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes
      4m 43s
  11. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
6h 39m Beginner Apr 26, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.

Topics include:
  • Opening an image from Photoshop, Bridge, or Camera Raw
  • Navigating, zooming, panning, and rotating the canvas
  • Adding, deleting, and merging layers
  • Saving your progress and understanding file formats
  • Cropping and straightening
  • Adjusting brightness and contrast
  • Identifying and correcting a color cast
  • Making and editing selections
  • Enhancing portraits by retouching skin, teeth, and eyes
Subjects:
Design Photography
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Deke McClelland

Brightening teeth

In this movie, I'll show you how to whiten and brighten teeth using a combination of the Sponge and Dodge tools. And I'm going to zoom in on the model's teeth and I'm also going to switch to the retouch layer, because after all the entire mouth is masked away on the blur layer. Now I think most people's temptation is to grab the Dodge tool, because we look at teeth and we see them as being yellow, they're dingy, let's brighten them up and you start painting across a smile and that does brighten up the teeth. And that's because the teeth ultimately have too much saturation.

So I'm going to undo that modification by pressing Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on a Mac and then I'll click and hold on the Dodge tool and select the Sponge tool from the flyout menu. And notice by default the mode is set to Desaturate, so we're removing saturation from the teeth which is exactly what we want. So if I go ahead and paint over the teeth, you can see that they end up looking less dingy and also inherently whiter because we're pulling away that yellow. But a couple of problems, we're going too far with the effect, and I'm removing saturation from the lips as well which is not what I want.

Again I'll press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on a Mac to reinstate the original teeth. What we need to do is select the teeth before we start modifying them. So if you're working along with me, go ahead and grab the Quick Selection tool and make sure you're working with a small brush or I'll press the left bracket key a couple of times to reduce it to 20 pixels in my case. And then I'll make sure that Auto Enhance is turned on and I'll go ahead and paint over the gums and teeth, so it's okay to go ahead and get the gums for this effect. In fact you want to get the gums actually.

We'll just make sure that we don't paint too far into them with the Sponge tool. And I'll go ahead and paint down toward the lip, like so, and if you end up getting a little bit of lip, actually in my case it disappeared as soon as I released the mouse button, but you can deselect with this tool as well. But say I go too far over this direction. To deselect with the Quick Selection tool you press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, and notice that goes ahead and shows you a minus sign inside the cursor. Go ahead and paint the stuff that you don't want to select away. And this looks like a good selection to me.

I do want to soften it a bit so I'll go up to the Select menu, choose Modify and then choose the Feather command, and I'll go with the Feather Radius value of 2 pixels, which will work pretty well regardless of the resolution of your image. Now I'll click OK in order to accept that effect. Now let's switch back to the Sponge tool, which you can get by pressing the O key, and the reason, by the way, that the Dodge, Burn, and Sponge tools have a keyboard of O, is because Photoshop regards them as the Toning tools. So I'll switch back to Sponge, make sure it's set to Desaturate.

Let's take that Flow Value down to 30% by pressing the 3 key. Make sure that Vibrance is turned on so that we're reducing the vibrance as opposed to the saturation of the teeth. And again that's important because vibrance ends up affecting low saturation colors more than high saturation colors. I'll press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac to hide the Selection outline and then I will paint inside the teeth in order to remove some saturation. And if necessary, I might hit a couple of the teeth the second time, so I'll click once in that right front tooth, once in the left front tooth as well, maybe in the next lower teeth too, so that got rid of the yellow in the teeth.

Now at this point you might want to brighten up the smile a bit. So this is when you switch over to the Dodge tool, but you want to work with a very low exposure value. I'm going to press the 1 key to reduce it to 10%, and then I'll just paint along the bottom of these front teeth, like so, in order to brighten them up. And that's all there is to it. So creating a bright smile is one the easier things to pull off inside of Photoshop. Give you a sense of what we were able to do; I'll press the F12 key in order to revert to the original version of the image.

So this is the before version of that smile and this is the new radiant smile, thanks to our ability to whiten and brighten teeth using a combination of the Sponge and Dodge tools.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals.


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Q: Where can I learn more about graphic design?
A: Discover more on this topic by visiting graphic design on lynda.com.
Q: When I double click the welcome.psd file included with the exercise files, I get the following error message:

"Some text layers contain fonts that are missing. These layers will need to have the missing fonts replaced before they can be used for vector based output."

Unlike the TIF and JPEG files which display and open correctly, all the icons for PSD files are blank but other than the welcome.psd file, they seem to open correctly without the error message. Is this a problem that I should address (perhaps re-download the files or find the missing fonts)?
A: The TIFF and JPEG files are flat, so they don't contain fonts and the operating system can interpret them (and generate thumbnails) without help from Photoshop. The PSD files have two issues:

First, they may contain editable text complete with font info. The files are designed with fonts that ship with Photoshop, so you don't get error messages, but Adobe sells some versions of Photoshop without fonts. This may be your issue.

Second, the PSD files contain no flat previews. This makes for smaller files, but it means the operating system, Mac or Windows, cannot generate previews. That won't effect your experience in Photoshop, but it does mean you can't see the file until you open it.
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