Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Brightening details with the Dodge tool

From: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: Brightening details with the Dodge tool

In this exercise, we're going to use the Dodge tool to lighten some of the darkest details inside of this rather dark portrait shot in the first place. So I'm going to drop down here to the Dodge tool and click on it in order to make it active. It's the tool that looks like a little paddle or lollipop. And notice if you start painting in the image, you will brighten that portion of the image. So here I am painting underneath the eye. Now that's a lot of lightning for my taste. In other words, we're brightening the photograph more than I think we should in a single brushstroke and that it has to do with some settings that are available to you up here in the Options Bar.

Brightening details with the Dodge tool

In this exercise, we're going to use the Dodge tool to lighten some of the darkest details inside of this rather dark portrait shot in the first place. So I'm going to drop down here to the Dodge tool and click on it in order to make it active. It's the tool that looks like a little paddle or lollipop. And notice if you start painting in the image, you will brighten that portion of the image. So here I am painting underneath the eye. Now that's a lot of lightning for my taste. In other words, we're brightening the photograph more than I think we should in a single brushstroke and that it has to do with some settings that are available to you up here in the Options Bar.

So I want to give you a sense of what's going on. First of all you can brighten one of three Ranges that is the Midtones which are those middle colors that we've discussed a couple of chapters ago, the Shadows which are darkest colors in the image, and the Highlights which are the lightest colors. Now it's very unlikely you're going to want to brighten the Highlights inside of the image using the Dodge tool. That would indicate that your entire image is too dark and you need to enhance it using Brightness/Contrast or Levels and Curves as we'll learn in the future chapter. Although, I will say dodging highlights is useful for masking which is something we'll learn later as well.

More likely you're going to want to stick with Midtones that are the default setting or dig into those Shadows, but when you're brightening Shadows, you really need to be careful and take it easy. Anyway, I'm going to leave that set to Midtones for now because I want you to know that there is a keyboard shortcut for these guys and that's Shift+Alt on the PC or Shift+Option on the Mac along with the first letter in Shadows, Midtones or Highlights, so Shift+Alt+M for Midtones for example, Shift+Alt+S for Shadows. But hey! That just didn't work.

The reason that didn't work here in the PC is for a couple of reasons. First of all, we've got the Alt keys, so I'd like to bring up the menu, so you have to watch that, but even more to the point, we've got this option right here that's highlighted. So notice that all the menus have these little underscores that are showing you that if you press a key you're going to bring up a menu. Then we've got this sticky option up here next to the word Range. This is specifically Windows issue, it does not occur on the Mac. If you run into this and your keyboard shortcuts deliver completely unexpected results or refuse to work, it's because something is stuck and what you need to do is press the Esc key and if that's not enough, you may have to press the Esc key more than once.

So I had to press the Esc key once to unstick the word Midtones, and a second time to unstick the menu so the underscores went away. Now I'll press Shift+Alt+S or Shift+ Option+S on the Mac to switch to Shadows, Shift+Alt+H or Shift+Option+H on the Mac to switch to Highlights and Shift+Alt+M or Shift+Option+M on the Mac to switch to Midtones. Next, you have this Exposure option and notice if I really crank it up to 100% then I'm going to do a lot of brightening very quickly. You can see as I'm doing it what I was talking about with the Dodge tool adding saturation as a rule of thumb, particularly when you're working on Midtones, but not only that, we've gone way too far in a single brushstroke.

So it's really easy to be impatient with the Dodge and Burn tools and try to get too much work done too quickly, but if you go that route, you're less likely to get credible modifications. So I suggest that you work slowly and patiently. Anyway I'm going to undo that brushstroke by pressing Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac. I want to show you that you can change that Exposure value on-the-fly from the keyboard by pressing a number key. So for example, 1 gets you 10%, 2 gets you 20% and 3, 30%, all the way up to zero for 100%, and if you want to dial in a specific value, you can press two keys, like 78 gets me 78%.

Anyway, I'm going to press 3 for 30% and paint around the eyes here in order to try to lighten up a few details and I just painted five brushstrokes by the way and one went all the way around the eye, but the other guys were very short little brushstrokes inside some of these crevices here. Now I'm going to paint a few short brushstrokes around these areas as well. Possibly increase the size of the brush by pressing right bracket key a couple of times so then painting under the nose. I'll decrease the size of the brush by pressing the left bracket key and paint over the mouse and so on.

Now another thing that I want you to notice about this tool, I'll right click with it in order to bring up this popup panel. Notice that the Hardness is set to 0% by default. That's where you want to leave it. It's rare that you want to work with any Hardness value other than 0% and that may sound like strange advice. If I press the Esc key to hide that panel for a moment, I'll increase the size of my brush fairly dramatically and press the 5 key to change the Exposure value to 50% and paint over that ear and into the jaw and notice that I've painted a halo into the background at which point you might say well, there's an example of a situation where it would have been a better idea to paint with a hard brush instead of a soft brush so you can stay inside of that ear.

Had I done that, however, I'll go ahead and right click to bring up this panel and change the Hardness to 100% and now I'll show you what it looks like if you paint with a hard brush. It looks terrible. You can see the edges of your brushstroke even if you're lowering the Exposure value to 10%, it's very easy to see those edges. So I recommend you avoid that. So what is the solution where this halo is concerned? Well, first thing I'm going to do is right- click and reduce that hardness back to 0%. Press the Enter key a couple of times to hide that panel. Return on the Mac.

What you do is you erase. You go back here to your History Brush which you get by pressing the Y key incidentally for the last letter in history and then if you bring up the History panel, you'll note that flipped original is set to my source state for my history painting. So I'm in good shape. I'm ready to paint. Then I would reduce the size of this brush, there is also a soft brush by default, and you can change that if you want to but I'm going to keep it soft, reduce the size of the brush and then paint over the area that you want to restore like so.

So that tends to be the better way to go. Just keep that History Brush handy so that you can always revert your modifications on-the-fly. All right, let's go back to the Dodge tool, there might be other things that we want to do with it. In fact at this point, I think I'm going to switch over to Shadows by pressing Shift+Alt+S or Shift+Option+S on the Mac and I'm definitely going to take that Exposure value down. Notice that it's at 50% right now, I'm going to change it to 20% by pressing the 2 key, reduce the size of my brush and paint up here on the side of the forehead. Now notice that I'm reducing the saturation in this area.

So you just have to be prepared to go both directions. We'll come back with the Sponge tool in order to restore or quell the saturation inside this image. Also bear in mind that I've got all this yellowness going on, so I'm going to have to fix that too. I'll paint here in these little jowl areas, not to get rid of them but just to basically draw some attention away from them and then I'm going to increase the size of the brush and paint underneath my chin just a little bit, I might add couple of brushstrokes to the jaw lines.

I could come back into the ear. I actually think that's fine, but I am going to paint under the eyes and more inside of some of these dark areas like so and then I'm going to paint over the eyes in order to brighten them a little and I am going too far. I should acknowledge that that I'm starting to look a little crazed at this point from all of the dodging that I'm doing, but I tend to work that way. I tend to push it a little bit too far and then draw things back using either the History Brush or some combination of other controls as we'll see.

This is good for now, good as things get insofar as a portrait of me as concerned. I'll go ahead and press the F12 key in order to revert the image. So we can see this is what it originally looked like. This is how it looks now when I press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z, thanks to the lightning power of the Dodge tool here inside Photoshop.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals

195 video lessons · 73791 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 39m 52s
    1. Welcome to Photoshop CS5 One-on-One
      1m 49s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the DekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 8s
  2. 53m 36s
    1. There is nothing you can't do
      2m 1s
    2. The power of Photoshop
      4m 43s
    3. Duplicating a layer
      4m 49s
    4. Liquifying an image
      4m 43s
    5. Adding a layer mask
      5m 54s
    6. Loading an alpha channel
      7m 42s
    7. Selecting with Color Range
      4m 10s
    8. Making a Hue/Saturation layer
      2m 53s
    9. Luminance blending
      7m 21s
    10. Mask density
      5m 9s
    11. Making a knockout layer
      4m 11s
  3. 51m 23s
    1. The best way to work
      41s
    2. Setting General preferences
      5m 33s
    3. Changing the pasteboard color
      5m 41s
    4. File handling, performance, and units
      7m 25s
    5. Touring the Photoshop interface
      11m 5s
    6. Creating and saving a workspace
      7m 21s
    7. Changing settings and updating the workspace
      6m 4s
    8. Resetting the preferences
      7m 33s
  4. 2h 46m
    1. The amazing Adobe Bridge
      1m 17s
    2. Making a new image
      5m 11s
    3. Opening an image
      7m 7s
    4. Opening and closing multiple images
      5m 24s
    5. Opening a problem image
      4m 23s
    6. Adding file information
      8m 37s
    7. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      7m 37s
    8. A whirlwind tour of Bridge
      7m 21s
    9. Adjusting the interface and thumbnails
      8m 18s
    10. Using the full-screen preview
      8m 5s
    11. Rotating images on their sides
      5m 38s
    12. Assigning star ratings and labels
      8m 40s
    13. Filtering thumbnails in the Contents panel
      9m 13s
    14. Moving, copying, and deleting files
      6m 34s
    15. Creating and assigning keywords
      6m 38s
    16. Searches and collections
      7m 3s
    17. Batch-exporting JPEG files
      8m 57s
    18. Batch-renaming
      7m 15s
    19. String substitution and regular expressions
      8m 50s
    20. Grouping images into stacks
      7m 21s
    21. Comparing images in Review mode
      5m 58s
    22. Playing images in a slideshow
      4m 49s
    23. Customizing and saving the workspace
      7m 17s
    24. Using Mini Bridge in Photoshop CS5
      8m 36s
  5. 1h 1m
    1. Learning to swim inside an image
      37s
    2. The tabbed-window interface
      5m 19s
    3. Arranging image windows
      4m 26s
    4. Common ways to zoom
      5m 31s
    5. New zoom tricks in Photoshop CS5
      4m 24s
    6. Hidden old-school zoom tricks
      4m 34s
    7. Scrolling and panning images
      4m 8s
    8. Viewing the image at print size
      6m 42s
    9. The Navigator and "bird's-eye" scrolling
      2m 56s
    10. Nudging the screen from the keyboard
      2m 39s
    11. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 41s
    12. The Rotate View tool
      3m 36s
    13. Cycling between screen modes
      6m 17s
    14. Using the numerical zoom value
      6m 14s
  6. 1h 6m
    1. Imaging fundamentals
      58s
    2. What is image size?
      7m 45s
    3. The Image Size command
      6m 0s
    4. Selecting an interpolation option
      4m 56s
    5. Upsampling versus "real" pixels
      5m 22s
    6. The penalty of pixels
      5m 35s
    7. Print size and resolution
      7m 26s
    8. Downsampling for print
      6m 39s
    9. Downsampling for email
      7m 28s
    10. Options for upsampling
      8m 13s
    11. Better ways to make a big image
      6m 1s
  7. 44m 43s
    1. Frame wide, crop tight
      1m 2s
    2. Using the Crop tool
      8m 8s
    3. Fixing out-of-canvas wedges
      5m 31s
    4. Crop tool presets
      6m 53s
    5. Previewing the crop angle
      4m 24s
    6. The Crop command
      4m 47s
    7. Straightening with the Ruler tool
      4m 18s
    8. Cropping without clipping
      5m 1s
    9. Perspective cropping
      4m 39s
  8. 1h 41m
    1. Making drab colors look better
      1m 20s
    2. Brightness and contrast
      4m 10s
    3. Adjusting numerical values
      4m 26s
    4. Introducing adjustment layers
      5m 17s
    5. Editing adjustment layers
      2m 51s
    6. Saving adjustment layers
      4m 35s
    7. Adding a quick layer mask
      4m 23s
    8. Introducing the Histogram
      4m 34s
    9. Working with the Histogram panel
      6m 27s
    10. Using Color Balance
      7m 18s
    11. Introducing the Variations command
      4m 51s
    12. Luminance and saturation controls
      3m 54s
    13. Fading a static adjustment
      3m 21s
    14. How hue and saturation work
      4m 28s
    15. Rotating hues and adjusting saturation
      6m 4s
    16. Creating a quick and dirty sepia tone
      4m 42s
    17. Adjusting hues selectively
      5m 32s
    18. The Target Adjustment tool
      4m 24s
    19. Photoshop CS5 Target Adjustment enhancements
      53s
    20. Adjusting the color of clothing
      8m 44s
    21. Enhancing a low-saturation image
      4m 23s
    22. Refining saturation with Vibrance
      5m 1s
  9. 1h 57m
    1. Photoshop versus the real world
      1m 21s
    2. Meet the selection tools
      10m 26s
    3. Marking the center of an image
      4m 9s
    4. Drawing a geometric selection outline
      4m 45s
    5. Blurring a selection outline with Feather
      6m 8s
    6. Copy and paste versus drag and drop
      5m 31s
    7. Creating a graduated selection
      4m 29s
    8. Aligning one image with another
      4m 45s
    9. Accessing the Move tool on the fly
      3m 34s
    10. Invert and Match Colors
      5m 4s
    11. Matching colors selectively
      3m 52s
    12. Feathering and filling a selection
      5m 14s
    13. Dressing up a composition with effects
      5m 34s
    14. The incredible image rotation trick
      2m 18s
    15. The Magic Wand tool
      4m 12s
    16. Tolerance and other options
      7m 7s
    17. Grow, Similar, and Inverse
      5m 39s
    18. Quick selection and the Magnetic Lasso
      7m 27s
    19. Evaluating a selection in Quick Mask
      8m 52s
    20. Saving and loading selections
      6m 14s
    21. Placing an image with a layer mask
      3m 23s
    22. Eliminating edge fringing
      7m 43s
  10. 1h 58m
    1. Brushing to correct
      56s
    2. How brushing works
      4m 52s
    3. Working with spacing
      7m 32s
    4. Changing size and hardness
      7m 45s
    5. The heads-up Color Picker
      7m 17s
    6. Flipping a mirror image
      3m 33s
    7. Setting the source for the History brush
      3m 42s
    8. Brightening details with the Dodge tool
      7m 49s
    9. Darkening details with the Burn tool
      3m 5s
    10. The Sponge tool
      4m 29s
    11. Backing off edits
      8m 4s
    12. Patching eye bags
      8m 57s
    13. Evening out flesh tones
      7m 23s
    14. Smoothing away whiskers
      7m 41s
    15. Reducing shadow noise
      7m 0s
    16. How healing works
      4m 40s
    17. The enhanced Spot Healing brush
      4m 52s
    18. Using the better Healing brush
      4m 23s
    19. Introducing the Clone Source panel
      3m 49s
    20. Cloning from one layer to another
      5m 30s
    21. Working with multiple sources
      4m 44s
  11. 1h 23m
    1. The layered composition
      1m 0s
    2. Making a new background layer
      6m 58s
    3. Working with "big layers"
      6m 24s
    4. Move, Duplicate, and Scale
      4m 11s
    5. Transforming a copy and repeat
      5m 15s
    6. Stacking order and eyedropping a layer
      5m 15s
    7. Adjusting multiple layers at once
      4m 22s
    8. Switching between layers
      4m 56s
    9. Making a digital star field
      5m 9s
    10. Blend mode and clipping mask
      4m 50s
    11. Dragging and dropping from your desktop
      4m 38s
    12. Black + Lens Flare = glow
      6m 16s
    13. Locking transparency
      5m 42s
    14. Adding gradient layers
      8m 12s
    15. Stacking an adjustment layer
      4m 12s
    16. Adding shadow and stroke
      6m 9s
  12. 1h 17m
    1. Outputting from Photoshop and Bridge
      1m 32s
    2. Printing an RGB composite
      5m 31s
    3. Customizing the subjective print file
      3m 15s
    4. Gauging print size
      5m 35s
    5. Scale, position, and page orientation
      5m 6s
    6. Three important printing curiosities
      4m 41s
    7. Introducing the Output options
      5m 34s
    8. Establishing a bleed
      5m 52s
    9. Using the Color Management options
      7m 21s
    10. Generating a PDF contact sheet
      6m 18s
    11. Creating a contact sheet template
      6m 8s
    12. Saving and opening a PDF contact sheet
      4m 18s
    13. Introducing the Web Gallery
      7m 53s
    14. Exporting and editing an HTML site
      3m 58s
    15. The Airtight Photocard site
      4m 56s
  13. 1h 9m
    1. Rules of the web
      1m 1s
    2. Introducing web graphics
      6m 59s
    3. A first look at Save for Web
      5m 47s
    4. Scaling a layered image versus a flat one
      7m 30s
    5. Incremental downsampling
      3m 1s
    6. Adding text, bar, and stroke
      4m 24s
    7. Assigning copyright and metadata
      6m 21s
    8. Comparing GIF, JPEG, and PNG
      4m 59s
    9. Determining the perfect JPEG settings
      6m 31s
    10. Saving metadata
      3m 52s
    11. Working with an unprofiled RGB image
      4m 35s
    12. Downsampling graphic art
      4m 49s
    13. Saving a GIF graphic
      6m 1s
    14. Antiquated GIF versus the better PNG
      4m 6s
  14. 1m 37s
    1. Until next time
      1m 37s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.