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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.
In this movie, I'll show you how to blend clipped layers. Specifically, we'll be blending the wood grain with the frame that encloses it. I'm going to click on the wood grain layer to make it active and then I'm going to change its mode from Normal, once again to Multiply, so that we use the wood grain to darken the contents of the frame layer. And you can see that we get this interesting interaction between the grain and the artwork. That's a little bit too much, so I'd like to see the grain not only in the light portions of the artwork, but in the dark areas as well.
So I'm going to make a copy of this wood grain layer and adjust its blending settings. Now if would just press Ctrl+J or Command+J on the Mac to jump that layer, then Photoshop automatically takes it out of the clipping mask, as you can see. So it's no longer clipped to the frame and it's interacting with the entire composition. That's not what I want. So I'll press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac, and instead, I'll press Ctrl+Alt+J or Cmd+Opt+J on the Mac in order to force the display of the New Layer dialog box.
The name wood grain is fine as is. You can have two layers with the same name, if you like. But I'm going to turn on this check box right here that says Use Previous Layer to Create Clipping Mask. That way we'll keep this new layer inside the frame and I'll click OK. And you can see over here in the Layers panel, it continues to be clipped, so both layers are now clipped inside the frame layer. However, because the layer is set to multiply, we're darkening the frame even more. So I'm going to go back to the Blend Mode pop-up menu, and I'm going to switch it back to Normal; which ends up all together restoring the wood grain.
Obviously, that's not what I want because we have no interaction now between the wood grain and the artwork. What I want to do is reduce the Opacity value to 50%. If you're working on a Mac, you can just tap the 5 key, but here on the PC, you can't because the blend mode option is still active, as indicated by this blue highlight. To deactivate the option, you press the Escape key. Notice that that blue highlight disappears. And then, you press the 5 key in order to reduce the Opacity of that layer. And now we get this wonderful interaction of wood grain and artwork throughout the frame.
There's just a couple of more things I want to do here. First, if you look at these swirls, they're not really visually centered inside the frame. They are centered where the artwork is concerned, so going back to the alignment options won't help. What I need to do is just slightly nudge those swirls, which I can do from the keyboard. So I'll start by clicking on the swirls layer to make it active. And then because I want to move that layer, I'll switch to the Move tool up here at the top of the tool box, and then I'll just press the arrow keys on the keyboard. So here I am zoomed out to 33%.
If I press the right arrow key, then I'll nudge the swirls to the right one screen pixel. In all I'm going to press that right arrow key five times and that will get the swirls centered horizontally. Now the reason I mentioned my zoom ratio, 33%, is because I'm nudging in screen pixels. So if you zoom farther in, you'll nudge your artwork that much more. Now I'm going to press the up arrow key three times in order to nudge the layer slightly upward, as well. The last thing I want to do in this movie is to color the wall on the background.
So I will go ahead and scroll to the bottom of the list and click on the wall layer to make it active. And then I'll click on the FX icon down here at the bottom of the Layers panel and choose Color Overlay once again. Again, Photoshop goes ahead and recolors the entire layer red. I'm going to click on that red color swatch to bring up the Color Picker dialog box. I'm looking for a dark shade of green. So I'll change the Hue value to 75 degrees, I'll reduce the Saturation value to 35%, and I'll take the Brightness value down to 50%, then I'll click OK.
And now to use that color to darken the wall, I'll change the Blend Mode from Normal to Multiply. And then I'll click OK. And we end up with our final dark green wall. So that's our composition so far. In the next movie, we'll finish off the artwork inside the frame by adding a couple of additional blended layers.
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