Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Mastery
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Applying incremental edits


Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Mastery

with Deke McClelland

Video: Applying incremental edits

If masks aren't the solution, what in the world is the solution? Well, the solution that I have had the most luck with is incremental modifications. So scale bits at a time, which goes against the grain, right. Normally, if we are applying standard scaling using the Free Transform command and we weren't working with the Smart Object, then I would never recommend that you scale 50% here and then scale back to 80% and then down the 20% or some lunacy like that, because you would make a mess of your image.
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  1. 21m 20s
    1. Welcome
      1m 21s
    2. Installing the DekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      5m 38s
    3. Resetting the Function keys on a Mac
      3m 51s
    4. Installing the CS4 color settings
      4m 37s
    5. Setting up the CS4 color settings
      5m 53s
  2. 2h 31m
    1. Introduction to masking
    2. Introducing color range
      4m 22s
    3. Adding base colors and adjusting fuzziness
      4m 46s
    4. Localized color clusters
      6m 12s
    5. The Quick Mask mode
      7m 33s
    6. Viewing a quick mask by itself
      6m 40s
    7. Testing the quality of edges
      3m 55s
    8. Introducing the Masks palette
      7m 45s
    9. Editing a layer mask
      6m 18s
    10. Choking a mask with Gaussian Blur and Levels
      6m 44s
    11. Choking a mask with Mask Edge
      7m 43s
    12. Adding a Gradient Overlay shadow
      4m 23s
    13. Using live Density and Feather
      6m 12s
    14. Journeyman masking
      5m 44s
    15. Creating an alpha channel
      7m 6s
    16. Increasing contrast
      7m 15s
    17. Overlay painting
      8m 28s
    18. Cleaning up whites and blacks
      5m 48s
    19. Soft light painting
      5m 47s
    20. Selecting in style
      6m 55s
    21. Employing masks as selections
      5m 2s
    22. Scaling and compositing layers
      6m 30s
    23. Compositing glass
      5m 10s
    24. Selecting glass highlights
      8m 41s
    25. Working with found masks
      5m 46s
  3. 1h 34m
    1. Introduction to vector-based shapes
      1m 10s
    2. Vector-based type outlines
      7m 23s
    3. The benefits of vectors
      6m 27s
    4. Upsampling vs. nondestructive scaling
      7m 35s
    5. Vectors and effects
      8m 7s
    6. Fill Opacity and clipped layers
      4m 24s
    7. Basic shape creation
      3m 15s
    8. Drawing interacting shapes
      6m 21s
    9. Power-duplicating paths
      3m 12s
    10. Combining pixels and vector masks
      5m 19s
    11. Line tool and layer attributes
      7m 5s
    12. Copying and pasting path outlines
      3m 28s
    13. Drawing custom shapes
      3m 59s
    14. Drawing with the Pen tool
      7m 48s
    15. Creating cusp points
      7m 28s
    16. Defining a custom shape
      3m 34s
    17. Assigning a vector mask to an image
      2m 38s
    18. Adding a vector object to a composition
      5m 40s
  4. 1h 24m
    1. Introduction to Vanishing Point
      1m 11s
    2. Creating and saving the first plane
      8m 9s
    3. Creating perpendicular planes
      5m 16s
    4. Healing in perspective
      8m 47s
    5. Cloning and scaling in perspective
      8m 34s
    6. Patching an irregularly shaped area
      6m 59s
    7. Healing between planes
      3m 35s
    8. Importing an image into a 3D scene
      5m 46s
    9. Adding perspective type
      5m 37s
    10. Removing and matching perspective
      5m 36s
    11. Applying a reflection in perspective
      5m 1s
    12. Creating a perspective gradient
      6m 11s
    13. Converting a gradient to a mask
      2m 58s
    14. Swinging planes to custom angles
      4m 32s
    15. Wrapping art around multiple surfaces
      5m 49s
  5. 1h 15m
    1. Introduction to Smart Objects
    2. Placing a Smart Object
      5m 7s
    3. Saving a PDF-compatible AI file
      4m 27s
    4. Performing nondestructive transformations
      6m 8s
    5. Editing a Smart Object in Illustrator
      6m 50s
    6. Converting an image to a Smart Object
      6m 50s
    7. Cloning Smart Objects
      5m 24s
    8. Creating a multilayer Smart Object
      5m 51s
    9. Updating multiple instances at once
      2m 55s
    10. Creating a Camera Raw Smart Object
      4m 17s
    11. Editing a Camera Raw Smart Object
      3m 25s
    12. Assembling a layered ACR composition
      5m 55s
    13. Using an ACR Smart Object to effect
      3m 41s
    14. Blending multiple ACR portraits
      6m 56s
    15. Live type that inverts everything behind it
      6m 33s
  6. 1h 48m
    1. Introducing nondestructive Smart Filters
    2. Applying a Smart Filter
      4m 22s
    3. Adjusting filter and blend settings
      4m 25s
    4. Heaping on the Smart Filters
      5m 19s
    5. Smart Filter stacking order
      7m 23s
    6. Resolution and Smart Filter radius
      6m 12s
    7. Masking Smart Filters
      4m 42s
    8. Employing nested Smart Objects
      5m 5s
    9. Dragging and dropping Smart Filters
      6m 31s
    10. Using the Shadows/Highlights filter
      5m 53s
    11. Regaining access to the pixels
      7m 8s
    12. Parametric wonderland
      5m 52s
    13. Working with the Filter Gallery
      6m 28s
    14. Freeform filter jam
      5m 52s
    15. Swapping filters from the Filter Gallery
      3m 45s
    16. Mixing all varieties of parametric effects
      7m 30s
    17. Addressing a few Smart Filter bugs
      3m 11s
    18. Applying a Smart Filter to live type
      5m 30s
    19. Choking letters with Maximum
      3m 7s
    20. Duplicating a Smart Filter
      2m 38s
    21. Enhancing a filter with a layer effect
      6m 30s
  7. 1h 6m
    1. Introduction to Auto-Align, Auto-Blend, and Photomerge
      1m 2s
    2. Merging two shots into one
      3m 49s
    3. Applying Auto-Align layers
      3m 44s
    4. Masking images into a common scene
      1m 39s
    5. Auto-Align plus Auto-Blend
      8m 11s
    6. Assigning weighted Opacity values
      4m 7s
    7. Employing a Difference mask
      7m 17s
    8. Masking smarter, not harder
      3m 53s
    9. Capturing multiple depths of field
      3m 37s
    10. Auto-blending real focus
      8m 31s
    11. Creating a panorama with Photomerge
      7m 27s
    12. Correcting a seamless panorama
      4m 52s
    13. An altogether nondestructive Lab correction
      7m 59s
  8. 1h 44m
    1. Introduction to new CS4 technologies
      1m 1s
    2. Applying Content-Aware Scale
      7m 18s
    3. What works and what doesn't with Content-Aware Scale
      4m 19s
    4. Protecting areas with masks
      7m 31s
    5. Applying incremental edits
      7m 6s
    6. Protecting skin tones
      7m 12s
    7. Scaling around a model with TLC
      9m 0s
    8. Adjusting the scale threshold
      5m 22s
    9. When Content-Aware Scale fails
      4m 2s
    10. Creating a lens distortion effect
      8m 39s
    11. Layer masking the family
      11m 44s
    12. Installing the Pixel Bender
      3m 43s
    13. Introducing Pixel Bender kernels
      6m 50s
    14. Pixel Bender kernel roundup
      7m 24s
    15. Tube View and Ripple Blocks
      3m 58s
    16. Making a seamless pattern with Kaleidoscope
      6m 13s
    17. Introducing the Pixel Bender Toolkit
      3m 24s
  9. 1h 20m
    1. Introduction to actions
    2. Creating an action
      5m 45s
    3. Recording operations
      5m 12s
    4. Reviewing and editing an action
      4m 45s
    5. Playing an action (the Button Mode)
      4m 51s
    6. Saving and loading actions
      5m 0s
    7. Copying and modifying an action
      4m 8s
    8. Permitting the user to change settings
      5m 50s
    9. The Best Chrome Effect Ever II
      3m 41s
    10. Recording a fail-safe action
      7m 33s
    11. Rounding corners with a mask
      4m 33s
    12. Cleaning up layers
      3m 52s
    13. Automating layer effects
      7m 1s
    14. Applying chrome with Gradient Map
      6m 24s
    15. Action anomalies
      4m 11s
    16. Rendering effects to layers
      5m 1s
    17. Testing that it works
      2m 0s
  10. 1m 14s
    1. See ya
      1m 14s

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Watch the Online Video Course Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Mastery
13h 7m Advanced May 29, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop mastery can be elusive, but in Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Mastery, best-selling author and video trainer Deke McClelland teaches the most powerful, unconventional, and flexible features of the program. In this third and final installment of the popular and comprehensive series, Deke delves into the strongest features that Photoshop has to offer, including scalable vector graphics, Smart Objects, and Photomerge. Exercise files accompany the course.

Recommended prerequisites: Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals and Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Advanced, both part of the Online Training Library®.

Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts and color settings for Photoshop from the Exercise Files tab.

Topics include:
  • Defining the essentials of masking
  • Resizing images with content-aware scaling
  • Adjusting perspective with Vanishing Point
  • Applying Smart Filters to create complex effects
  • Using the Auto-Align tool to build composite images
Design Photography
Deke McClelland

Applying incremental edits

If masks aren't the solution, what in the world is the solution? Well, the solution that I have had the most luck with is incremental modifications. So scale bits at a time, which goes against the grain, right. Normally, if we are applying standard scaling using the Free Transform command and we weren't working with the Smart Object, then I would never recommend that you scale 50% here and then scale back to 80% and then down the 20% or some lunacy like that, because you would make a mess of your image.

Whereas with Content-Aware Scaling, it turns out to work out pretty nicely and it has everything to do with the intelligence that's built into the command and to the fact that there really isn't all that much interpolation going on in the first place. And that brings a question by the way. You may wonder, well, if you are going to go that route, if you are going to scale a little bit at a time and if that works for you, why not go ahead and take this dock layer which by the way appears inside of this image called Bay with mask.psd? I have gone ahead and just reverted the image back to its previous appearance here. Why not go ahead and convert this layer to a Smart Object. That would be a great idea, right.

So go ahead and choose Convert to Smart Object from the Layer palette fly-out menu and then go over to the Edit menu and notice Content-Aware Scale is not an option. You cannot apply Content-Aware Scale to a Smart Object in Photoshop. So that's off limits and if you think about it wouldn't really do you any good either because it would just go ahead and concatenate your modifications which would ruin the effect that I'm about to show you. Go ahead and press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to undo the creation of that Smart Object if you are working with me and then what I recommend you do is go up to the Edit menu, choose Content- Aware Scale and let's go ahead and make the image less tall like so. So shorter also is an option in terms of what I could add to my vocabulary and let's go ahead and make the dock wider. And you want to take it until you start seeing problems and notice right about here I see that this support is getting a jag in it.

I have gone ahead and created some guides for you inside of this image. I'll go up to the View menu, choose Show and choose Guides and you can see in addition to the 1000 pixel guideline right there which marks how tall I want the image to be. We have also got the vertical guideline at 1400 pixels and how do I know it's 1400 pixels? Because if I were to bring up my rulers by pressing Ctrl+R or Command+R on the Mac, there it is at 1400 and there is another one at 1800 and I'm going to go ahead and use them. I am going to go ahead and back off the width of the image to 1400 pixels.

So I'm not actually scaling it that much in that first round. I think it used to be about this wide or something along those lines. So I'm just making it slightly wider and that's because, I'm applying all of the vertical transformation in this round. So might as well take it easy on the horizontal transformation and that of course, also make sure that all of my details are holding up nicely inside the dock. There is my update. So this is how the image looks subject to Content- Aware Scale, which is not bad. We are having some issues with this cord right here that's hanging down from the dock but those are real. That's the way the thing looked in the first place. It was pretty choppy and the other choppy areas in the wood, those are natural as well. So we are not having any unnatural problems. Just the stuff that came with the image, which is just fine of course.

So I'm going to go ahead and press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to accept that modification and notice, Protect is set to None. There is no sense in even bothering with those masks because they just really make a mess with things. All right, I'm going to go ahead and zoom out here and then I'm going to move over a little bit like so. Actually let's Shift+Tab away the palette, so I have more room to work and then I'll go back up to the Edit menu and choose Content-Aware Scale again. So I'm heaping one scaling on top of another. It is a destructive modification.

There is no kidding around that. And I'm the first guy to advocate a Non-Destructive Workflow, you've heard me do it for chapter after chapter and sing the praises of parametric modifications, but if they don't work, they don't work. If this is the better way to go, then this is the better way to go. All right, so I'm going to go ahead and stretch this guy to the next guideline at 1800 pixels and the dock is still holding up at that point. Too much farther than that and things start falling apart again. So press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac and of course, I came up with these guidelines through trial and error. I just try things out, saw it worked and then set it up, so that I could perform it for you.

All right, now I'll go up to the Edit menu, choose Content-Aware Scale for a third and final time and then go ahead and make the image the full width of my canvas. Press the Enter or Return key in order to accept that modification. Let's go ahead and hide those guidelines by pressing Ctrl+Semicolon or Command+Semicolon on the Mac. Hide the rulers by pressing Command+R or Ctrl+R, then I'm going to go up to the Image menu and choose Trim to get rid of that transparency at the top of the image. And now let's go ahead and zoom in and then just to make sure that all of my three images that I have opened here. Stretched dock.psd, and Squishy.jpg, those images that are also found inside the 29_new_tech folder. So make sure that they are all panned to the same location, because I want to see the bird that I'm missing over here on the left hand side.

I am going to press Shift+Spacebar at the same time and move the image over, so that I'm scaling all three open images at once. Even though I'm not seeing them, I'm scaling them altogether because I have that Shift key down. All right, there is our bird. We want to be able to see that guy. So let's look at the images in opposite order. Squishy right here, opposite order meaning the opposite order of the tabs up here at the top of the window. This is Squishy, which I created with the Image Size command. It's obviously not what we want. This is Stretched dock right here, which is the image that we created using one application of Content-Aware Scale and resulted in these wiggly supports and these strange undulations inside of the Xs and all these other weird striations that we are seeing here, the stressed out pixels.

Then finally here is the much better version of the dock where we don't really have any problems whatsoever whether the dock is concerned or the birds or this tree back here in the background or really with any of the detail. So all of the high contrast stuff is holding up beautifully. Now you may notice problems. If you look closely here, you will notice problems in the water on both sides of this post, things are getting pretty stretched out here. You may notice some strange undulations in the landscape. But otherwise things are holding up very, very nicely and I'm inclined to think that given the amount of work that I've put into this image, which is not much.

If we just look at this exercise on its own, I'm inclined to think that I can live with these patterning problems inside of the water and if I can't, I could use some cloning. There is a lot of different techniques that I can take advantage of. In the next exercise, I'm going to show you how to protect skin tones when working with Content-Aware Scale.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Mastery .

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Q: My Polygon tool is locked into a very small size. I can use the Transform tool to increase it's size once drawn, but I must have something set that will not allow me to freely draw it like I can the other shapes. What could be causing this problem?
A: This could be caused by a value associated with the Radius option of the tool. Click the down-pointing arrowhead to the right (a few tool icons over) from the Polygon tool in the options bar at the top of the screen. This brings up pop-up panel. If the Radius option has a number value, select that value and press Delete or Backspace to clear it out. That should fix the problem.
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