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Here we can look at three different ways of creating a gradient, or applying a gradient to your type: a gradient overlay, a gradient layer, and just a regular layer with a gradient added to it. We're also going to look at how you can determine whether the gradient starts and finishes across the whole range of your type or whether it starts and finishes within individual words. So let's begin by looking at a gradient overlay, one of our layer effects. So I've clicked on the type layer. I'm going to go Gradient Overlay, and then I'm going to come and choose the kind of gradient that I want.
I'm going to use this one, and then this will determine the angle of the gradient. I can also mess around with its scale, I can reverse it, et cetera. I'm just going to leave it as is for now. So that's method number one. Now what I'm going to do is I am going to duplicate this layer. Command+J or Ctrl+J will turn off the one that's below, and I will delete the layer effect. So we're back to where we began. I'm now going to do the same thing but in a slightly different way.
This is applying a gradient layer. So I'm going to come down to my adjustment layers, and the second option, Gradient. I'll click on my gradient picker. I get the same choice of gradients, and I'm going to use the same gradient. Now, that is going to fill the whole of the layer. Don't worry about that. We're going to fix that in just a moment. We get one additional option here that we don't get with the gradient overlay, and this may be significant. If you're finding that you have banding in your gradients, then you might want to add some noise to them, or you may just want to check this box, Dither.
That's going to mix up the colors a bit with the intent of fixing any banding problems. So if I click OK now, my gradient is filling the whole of the layer, obscuring the type. So what I need to do now is hold down my Alt key or Option key and just click on the line between the type and the gradient. So that it is now clipping the gradient to the type. Had I anticipated that I wanted to do that, I could have held down the Option or Alt key when I went to the Gradient layer and chosen Use Previous layer to Create Clipping Mask, and that way it's going to start out that way. All right! That's method number two.
Method number three. I'm going to duplicate the type layer, I'm going to drag the type layer above those gradients, and I'm going to turn off those two. So we're back to where we began. Method number three is just create yourself a blank layer, and as with the previous example, this layer needs to be clipped to the type. So anticipating that, I'm going to hold down the Option key or Alt key, click on the line between them. We see that it gets indented. We get an arrow pointing down to the layer that it is clipped to.
So I can now choose my Gradient tool in the toolbar. I can come up to my Gradient picker, same choice of gradients. So I'll use the same one again. But I now will just drag the gradient in whatever direction I want it to go. So this is a slightly more free-form approach. If I wanted it to start a bit lower, then I would do just that. I'd start a bit lower. If I don't like the angle, I can just move the angle around wherever I want it to go. So those are three different ways of making the gradient, but what if we want this gradient to start and finish in the word 'making', and then start and finish in the word 'the', and then the sign and the word 'grade'? Then we need to do something different.
We need to separate these three pieces of type onto separate layers. So I'll turn off what we have so far. So now I'm going to turn on this group, and if we expand this group, what we see is, in it, three separate layers where we've got each word on its own layer. I could now just use any of the previous methods to apply the gradient to each of these layers individually. Perhaps the quickest way of doing it is going to be just to pick up the layer effect that I applied down here.
So I'm going to copy this layer effect, and to do so I'm going to hold down the Option or Alt key and then just drag that up to there. I'll repeat that again, and I'll repeat it again. So now we have the gradient starting and finishing within each line of type as opposed to going across the whole type area.
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