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In this movie, we're going to add a wood grain texture to our picture frame. And we'll do so by taking advantage of what's known as a clipping mask. I'm going start things off by showing you, yet another way to move an image into a layered composition. You have seen drag and drop, here's my favorite technique of all. Make sure that one of your selection tools is active so either one of the Marquee tools, one of the Lasso tools, the Quick Selection tool. And then, right-click inside the image window and choose the Duplicate Layer command.
You can also choose this command from the Layers menu. Then inside the Duplicate Layer dialog box, change the Document Setting to the Layered Composition, Initial picture frame.psd in our case, and then click OK. Now you won't see anything happen inside the image we are working on. You'll have to switch back to the composition and there's your new layer. Obviously, we've got a problem; the layer came in vertically instead of horizontally, so we need to rotate it. And you can rotate a layer by going up to the Edit menu, and because we need to perform a 90 degree rotation, the simplest way to approach it is to choose Transform and then choose, in our case, Rotate 90 degrees CW for Clockwise.
And that orients that image exactly the way I want. All right, now I'm going to rename the layer by double-clicking on its existing name and changing it to wood grain. Now what I want to have happen is I want the wood grain to exist entirely inside the frame in the background. So I'll go ahead and turn wood grain back on. Now what I want to do is I want to take the wood grain layer and effectively put it inside the frame layer, so we only see the wood grain inside of the frame and you can achieve that effect using a clipping mask.
So here's how it works. I will go ahead and turn the wood grain layer back on. With that layer selected, you go up to the Layer menu and you choose Create clipping mask and that goes ahead and clips the wood grain layer inside the frame layer as you see here. And not only do you see what the effect looks like inside the image window, but Photoshop also indents the clip layer and gives you a little arrow symbol to indicate that it's clipped. Now I'm going to zoom in a bit. At this point, I want to give my frame a complimentary color to the artwork inside it.
So I'm going to go back to the frame layer and I'm going to add another layer effect by dropping down to the FX icon and choosing Color Overlay. Now at first, Color Overlay just goes ahead and recolors the entire layer red, which obviously, is not what we want. I'm going to click on the Color swatch in order to bring up the Color Picker dialog box, and I'm going to change the H, S, and B values which stand for Hue, Saturation and Brightness. We'll be seeing a lot of them. But Hue is the base color mapped on to a circle, so it's as if you took a rainbow and wrapped it around the circle.
And so a Hue Value of 0, as you can see is red. It turns out the Hue value I'm looking for is 210 which is a shade of blue. Saturation value is the intensity of the color. I'm going to take that intensity down by reducing the Saturation value to 25% then I'll tab to the Brightness value which goes all the way to a 100% for bright color, down to 0% for black, and I'm going to reduce that value to 15%. So it looks like we almost have black, but it's a very dark shade of blue. Now I'll click OK and I'm going change the Blend Mode from Normal to Color, so we're only changing the color of the artwork and we end up this effect here.
Again, I want to emphasize, we'll be talking about colors and blend modes and everything else that seems to be going too quickly in a lot more detail in later chapters. All right, now I'll click OK to accept that effect and the result is wood grain mapped inside our picture frame, thanks to the power of clipping masks here inside Photoshop.
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