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There's a great tool in Photoshop that I use often for adjusting colors and it's called Hue Saturation. Before I show this to you, what I want to do is first get the exposure correct on this image. Which is typically a good idea to, to do before you start messing with the colors. So we're just gona go and create an Adjustment layer that is Levels. And let's go ahead and drag the right slider into the first little bit of highlight there. Left slider into the first bit of shadow and we could tweak the midtones here if we want and that looks pretty good.
And now I want to create another Adjustment layer, but this time I want to create a Hue Saturation Adjustment layer. Now if we're just going to increase the vibrance of colors, I really recommend using the vibrance Adjustment layer. What this does here is that we have vibrance and saturation. The saturation increases the saturation of all the colors in the image. I'm just going to take this back down to zero to undo that. But vibrance kind of does the same thing. It gets the colors more vibrant except that it respects skin tones a little bit more.
So, with saturation it doesn't care, it's going to take all the colors up the same amount. But vibrance is going to brighten all the colors, and leave skin tones kind of where they are, and maybe make them just a little bit brighter. Or again, if we go the opposite direction into negative values, we're desaturating the image, or taking away the vibrance of the image. But this is a good way just to boost general colors. I'm just going to delete that for right now. and I open up another Adjustment layer here. And what we really want to do is play with Hue saturation. This is kind of a great and very flexible tool for adjusting the colors in an image.
And by default, we had this drop down here and it's set to master. So we could adjust all the Hues in the image at once. And you see what's happening there, it's kind of shifting every color along a color wheel. We could also adjust the mature saturation kind of like we just saw with vibrance and saturation. Except again just like the previous saturation, there's no respect for skin tones. And we can also adjust the lightness of the image. But when you're dealing with and entire image, you don't want to fiddle with lightness cuz it's going to take every pixel, and make every pixel darker, including your beautiful highlights. Or it's going to make every pixel bright including your beautiful shadows, so you don't want to do that.
This is also a nice way to colorize an image. I can check colorize and then I can add a Hue. Let's say if I wanted this to be all blue. We can adjust the saturation and the lightness here. But again, we probably want to stay away from lightness. But we can colorize the image very quickly by checking this check box. But what, I want to do here is make the background green. And this light blue, and make her a little bit more red. So what I can do is, from this drop-down choose one of these different categories, such as Cyan. So like this kind of looks cyan to me, so I'm going to choose to adjust only Cyans. And I can adjust the Hue until we get the green color we're looking for, and I want to bump up the saturation.
And you notice that the farther away from the natural color that we go. Then the more that this color here tends to break up and kind of get noisy and, and not look so great. So be careful about that, but just for purposes of demonstration, I'm gona allow that for right now. Now I want to adjust this little splotch of color here. I want to make this blue, and right not it's kind of a lavender purple. But we're not seeing lavender purple as a choice here in this drop down. So there's a great solution here, we can click this little icon, and then come over to a given area. And if we hold down the Cmd key on the Mac, or the Ctrl key on the PC, we can click, and then scrub to adjust the Hue.
So I can click and drag this to the left until this becomes a little bit more blue, and we've done that very easily. I can do the same thing here. This is red to my eyes, but Photoshop might not see it as red. So I could just Ctrl or Cmd click on that skin tone. And drag to the left or right, and you can see now that I'm adjusting the Hue of just that color range. If I did not use the the Modifier key, if I did not use Cmd or Ctrl while I was clicking on that, then we would be adjusting the saturation of that color family, which actually works in this case.
So as again a clicking this Eye icon we can see the before and the after. So we've taken this kind of mess of colors and given those colors some some definition. Again we've introduced a lot of noise and digital garbage here. Because we've taken these colors a little bit farther away from their original colors than we should have. But the same time we actually made this kind of cool. So using Hue saturation is a great way to play color selectively without having to make any necessary selections, you just select the colors right here in Hue saturation.
Extremely convenient and one of the fastest ways to choose and adjust colors.
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