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Adding gradient layers


Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Adding gradient layers

In this exercise we're going to add a couple of gradients, one is going to be a gradient layer that casts a shadow down at the bottom portion of the image so that the special guest is entirely legible. And the other is going to be a gradient stroke that's going to come in from the right-hand side, and you can see these ingredients in the final composition Martini Hour banner.psd. I've gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Glasses in space.psd found inside the 10_layers folder, and I'm going to bring up my Layers panel by pressing F7.
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  1. 39m 52s
    1. Welcome to Photoshop CS5 One-on-One
      1m 49s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the DekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 8s
  2. 53m 33s
    1. There is nothing you can't do
      2m 1s
    2. The power of Photoshop
      4m 43s
    3. Duplicating a layer
      4m 46s
    4. Liquifying an image
      4m 43s
    5. Adding a layer mask
      5m 54s
    6. Loading an alpha channel
      7m 42s
    7. Selecting with Color Range
      4m 10s
    8. Making a Hue/Saturation layer
      2m 53s
    9. Luminance blending
      7m 21s
    10. Mask density
      5m 9s
    11. Making a knockout layer
      4m 11s
  3. 51m 18s
    1. The best way to work
    2. Setting General preferences
      5m 33s
    3. Changing the pasteboard color
      5m 41s
    4. File handling, performance, and units
      7m 25s
    5. Touring the Photoshop interface
      11m 5s
    6. Creating and saving a workspace
      7m 16s
    7. Changing settings and updating the workspace
      6m 4s
    8. Resetting the preferences
      7m 33s
  4. 2h 46m
    1. The amazing Adobe Bridge
      1m 17s
    2. Making a new image
      5m 11s
    3. Opening an image
      7m 7s
    4. Opening and closing multiple images
      5m 24s
    5. Opening a problem image
      4m 23s
    6. Adding file information
      8m 37s
    7. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      7m 37s
    8. A whirlwind tour of Bridge
      7m 21s
    9. Adjusting the interface and thumbnails
      8m 18s
    10. Using the full-screen preview
      8m 5s
    11. Rotating images on their sides
      5m 38s
    12. Assigning star ratings and labels
      8m 40s
    13. Filtering thumbnails in the Contents panel
      9m 13s
    14. Moving, copying, and deleting files
      6m 34s
    15. Creating and assigning keywords
      6m 38s
    16. Searches and collections
      7m 3s
    17. Batch-exporting JPEG files
      8m 57s
    18. Batch-renaming
      7m 15s
    19. String substitution and regular expressions
      8m 50s
    20. Grouping images into stacks
      7m 21s
    21. Comparing images in Review mode
      5m 58s
    22. Playing images in a slideshow
      4m 49s
    23. Customizing and saving the workspace
      7m 17s
    24. Using Mini Bridge in Photoshop CS5
      8m 36s
  5. 1h 1m
    1. Learning to swim inside an image
    2. The tabbed-window interface
      5m 19s
    3. Arranging image windows
      4m 26s
    4. Common ways to zoom
      5m 31s
    5. New zoom tricks in Photoshop CS5
      4m 24s
    6. Hidden old-school zoom tricks
      4m 34s
    7. Scrolling and panning images
      4m 8s
    8. Viewing the image at print size
      6m 42s
    9. The Navigator and "bird's-eye" scrolling
      2m 56s
    10. Nudging the screen from the keyboard
      2m 39s
    11. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 41s
    12. The Rotate View tool
      3m 36s
    13. Cycling between screen modes
      6m 17s
    14. Using the numerical zoom value
      6m 14s
  6. 1h 6m
    1. Imaging fundamentals
    2. What is image size?
      7m 45s
    3. The Image Size command
      6m 0s
    4. Selecting an interpolation option
      4m 56s
    5. Upsampling versus "real" pixels
      5m 22s
    6. The penalty of pixels
      5m 35s
    7. Print size and resolution
      7m 26s
    8. Downsampling for print
      6m 39s
    9. Downsampling for email
      7m 28s
    10. Options for upsampling
      8m 13s
    11. Better ways to make a big image
      6m 1s
  7. 44m 43s
    1. Frame wide, crop tight
      1m 2s
    2. Using the Crop tool
      8m 8s
    3. Fixing out-of-canvas wedges
      5m 31s
    4. Crop tool presets
      6m 53s
    5. Previewing the crop angle
      4m 24s
    6. The Crop command
      4m 47s
    7. Straightening with the Ruler tool
      4m 18s
    8. Cropping without clipping
      5m 1s
    9. Perspective cropping
      4m 39s
  8. 1h 41m
    1. Making drab colors look better
      1m 20s
    2. Brightness and contrast
      4m 10s
    3. Adjusting numerical values
      4m 26s
    4. Introducing adjustment layers
      5m 17s
    5. Editing adjustment layers
      2m 51s
    6. Saving adjustment layers
      4m 35s
    7. Adding a quick layer mask
      4m 23s
    8. Introducing the Histogram
      4m 34s
    9. Working with the Histogram panel
      6m 27s
    10. Using Color Balance
      7m 18s
    11. Introducing the Variations command
      4m 51s
    12. Luminance and saturation controls
      3m 54s
    13. Fading a static adjustment
      3m 21s
    14. How hue and saturation work
      4m 28s
    15. Rotating hues and adjusting saturation
      6m 4s
    16. Creating a quick and dirty sepia tone
      4m 42s
    17. Adjusting hues selectively
      5m 32s
    18. The Target Adjustment tool
      4m 24s
    19. Photoshop CS5 Target Adjustment enhancements
    20. Adjusting the color of clothing
      8m 44s
    21. Enhancing a low-saturation image
      4m 23s
    22. Refining saturation with Vibrance
      5m 1s
  9. 1h 57m
    1. Photoshop versus the real world
      1m 21s
    2. Meet the selection tools
      10m 26s
    3. Marking the center of an image
      4m 9s
    4. Drawing a geometric selection outline
      4m 45s
    5. Blurring a selection outline with Feather
      6m 8s
    6. Copy and paste versus drag and drop
      5m 31s
    7. Creating a graduated selection
      4m 29s
    8. Aligning one image with another
      4m 45s
    9. Accessing the Move tool on the fly
      3m 34s
    10. Invert and Match Colors
      5m 4s
    11. Matching colors selectively
      3m 52s
    12. Feathering and filling a selection
      5m 14s
    13. Dressing up a composition with effects
      5m 34s
    14. The incredible image rotation trick
      2m 18s
    15. The Magic Wand tool
      4m 12s
    16. Tolerance and other options
      7m 7s
    17. Grow, Similar, and Inverse
      5m 39s
    18. Quick selection and the Magnetic Lasso
      7m 27s
    19. Evaluating a selection in Quick Mask
      8m 52s
    20. Saving and loading selections
      6m 14s
    21. Placing an image with a layer mask
      3m 23s
    22. Eliminating edge fringing
      7m 43s
  10. 1h 58m
    1. Brushing to correct
    2. How brushing works
      4m 52s
    3. Working with spacing
      7m 32s
    4. Changing size and hardness
      7m 45s
    5. The heads-up Color Picker
      7m 17s
    6. Flipping a mirror image
      3m 33s
    7. Setting the source for the History brush
      3m 42s
    8. Brightening details with the Dodge tool
      7m 49s
    9. Darkening details with the Burn tool
      3m 5s
    10. The Sponge tool
      4m 29s
    11. Backing off edits
      8m 4s
    12. Patching eye bags
      8m 57s
    13. Evening out flesh tones
      7m 23s
    14. Smoothing away whiskers
      7m 41s
    15. Reducing shadow noise
      7m 0s
    16. How healing works
      4m 40s
    17. The enhanced Spot Healing brush
      4m 52s
    18. Using the better Healing brush
      4m 23s
    19. Introducing the Clone Source panel
      3m 49s
    20. Cloning from one layer to another
      5m 30s
    21. Working with multiple sources
      4m 44s
  11. 1h 23m
    1. The layered composition
      1m 0s
    2. Making a new background layer
      6m 58s
    3. Working with "big layers"
      6m 24s
    4. Move, Duplicate, and Scale
      4m 11s
    5. Transforming a copy and repeat
      5m 15s
    6. Stacking order and eyedropping a layer
      5m 15s
    7. Adjusting multiple layers at once
      4m 22s
    8. Switching between layers
      4m 56s
    9. Making a digital star field
      5m 9s
    10. Blend mode and clipping mask
      4m 50s
    11. Dragging and dropping from your desktop
      4m 38s
    12. Black + Lens Flare = glow
      6m 16s
    13. Locking transparency
      5m 42s
    14. Adding gradient layers
      8m 12s
    15. Stacking an adjustment layer
      4m 12s
    16. Adding shadow and stroke
      6m 9s
  12. 1h 17m
    1. Outputting from Photoshop and Bridge
      1m 32s
    2. Printing an RGB composite
      5m 31s
    3. Customizing the subjective print file
      3m 15s
    4. Gauging print size
      5m 35s
    5. Scale, position, and page orientation
      5m 6s
    6. Three important printing curiosities
      4m 41s
    7. Introducing the Output options
      5m 34s
    8. Establishing a bleed
      5m 52s
    9. Using the Color Management options
      7m 21s
    10. Generating a PDF contact sheet
      6m 18s
    11. Creating a contact sheet template
      6m 8s
    12. Saving and opening a PDF contact sheet
      4m 18s
    13. Introducing the Web Gallery
      7m 53s
    14. Exporting and editing an HTML site
      3m 58s
    15. The Airtight Photocard site
      4m 56s
  13. 1h 9m
    1. Rules of the web
      1m 1s
    2. Introducing web graphics
      6m 59s
    3. A first look at Save for Web
      5m 47s
    4. Scaling a layered image versus a flat one
      7m 30s
    5. Incremental downsampling
      3m 1s
    6. Adding text, bar, and stroke
      4m 24s
    7. Assigning copyright and metadata
      6m 21s
    8. Comparing GIF, JPEG, and PNG
      4m 59s
    9. Determining the perfect JPEG settings
      6m 31s
    10. Saving metadata
      3m 52s
    11. Working with an unprofiled RGB image
      4m 35s
    12. Downsampling graphic art
      4m 49s
    13. Saving a GIF graphic
      6m 1s
    14. Antiquated GIF versus the better PNG
      4m 6s
  14. 1m 37s
    1. Until next time
      1m 37s

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Watch the Online Video Course Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
17h 33m Beginner May 07, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop is the world’s most powerful image editor, and it’s arguably the most complex, as well. Fortunately, nobody knows the program like award-winning book and video author Deke McClelland. Join Deke as he explores such indispensable Photoshop features as resolution, cropping, color correction, retouching, and layers. Gain expertise with real-world projects that make sense. Exercise files accompany the course.

Download Deke's free dekeKeys and color settings from the Exercise Files tab.

Topics include:
  • Assembling photorealistic compositions
  • Understanding image size and resolution
  • Correcting the brightness and color of images
  • Creating accurate selection outlines
  • Retouching and healing photos
  • Mastering layers and effects
  • Printing and exporting to the web
Design Photography
Deke McClelland

Adding gradient layers

In this exercise we're going to add a couple of gradients, one is going to be a gradient layer that casts a shadow down at the bottom portion of the image so that the special guest is entirely legible. And the other is going to be a gradient stroke that's going to come in from the right-hand side, and you can see these ingredients in the final composition Martini Hour banner.psd. I've gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Glasses in space.psd found inside the 10_layers folder, and I'm going to bring up my Layers panel by pressing F7.

I'll click on the purplish layer to make it active, and I'm going to drop down to this black-white icon, press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac. Click and hold on this black-white icon and choose one of the top commands Gradient from the menu. And because I have all Alt or Option down it brings up the New Layer dialog box and I'll call this dark gradient just so that I know what its purpose is and in this checkbox Use Previous Layer to Create Clipping Mask, I'll keep that off, we don't want to clip this layer and click OK because we want it to affect everything inside the image.

This is absolutely the wrong gradient right there, we need something dark, so I'm going to click on this Gradient bar to bring up the Gradient Editor and notice that it's based on the foreground color which is white right now and it goes from opaque to transparent. In order to make an Opaque to Transparent gradient work out properly, you typically want to involve a single color. So both the color stops this guy right here and this guy right here would have to be the same color, meaning that you'd have to double-click on one and change its values and then double-click on the other and change its values.

Now the time it's taking me to say that I could have already done it, but I want to show you a better way to work that's going to save your time. Before you visit that dialog box, make sure to set the foreground color to the color you actually want to use. So I'm going to press the D key to reestablish the default colors, and I'm going to press Shift+Tab to bring in my right-side panels. There is my Color panel, and I'm going to set the HSB values as follows. I want 285 for H for the Hue, I want 30 for the Saturation value, and I want 15 for Brightness, and that's a sort of very dark violet color as you can see.

Now let's put it to use, I'll press and hold Alt or Option, click that black-white icon, choose the Gradient command, up comes the New Layer dialog box, I call it dark gradient and then I click OK, and now it's using the proper colors you can see. If I click on that Gradient bar, it starts with that dark violet, it ends with that dark violet, it goes from opaque as indicated by this Opacity Stop, see, it says 100% to transparent as indicated by that final Opacity Stop which has an Opacity value of 0.

So cancel out, that works out beautifully. The one thing I'm going to do here is I'm going to change the value to 91, I just wanted to come in slightly from the right, and then press the Tab key because 90 degrees would be straight up. It tilts just slightly to the left and therefore comes in from the right, if we angle it just slightly counter- click wise, and then I'm going to click OK in order to accept that modification and I'm going to change the Blend mode from Normal to Multiply. Now that's too dark in my opinion and I could go ahead and reduce the Opacity value, but I have a better trick in my sleeve for you.

I'm going to press Shift+Tab in order to hide those right-side panels and then press F7 to bring back the Layers panel, and I'm going to double-click on the thumbnail right here for this Gradient layer. And now I'm going to move the dialog box over so I can see what I'm doing and I'm going to drag directly inside the Image window, like so, in order to move that gradient in space. So you can actually drag the gradient to a different location if you want to, that looks better to me. Now I'll click OK and be done with it. So that's our first gradient.

Our second gradient is going to be a Gradient Stroke, and it's just going to be a line that goes across, a horizontal line that goes across the image and what we're going to do is paint inside of a selection, and back when we were discussing Selections I showed you how there's the Single Row and Single Column Marquee tools, so you might figure, well, let's use a Single Row Marquee Tool and then just click inside of the image and we've got ourselves aligned, and yeah that's great, except it's a one-pixel line. And I'm trying to build my composition at 4x, right, it's four times the scale that I will ultimately shrink it down to, and the whole reason I'm doing that is just so that I could repurpose this image elsewhere if I want it to.

If you build your web graphics small on the first place then you could never repurpose them as print graphics. So it's better to build them high- resolution and then scale them down. Well, this guy is always one pixel tall, which is nuts, so Ctrl+D, Command+D on the Mac. Instead what we're going to have to do is get the Rectangular Marquee Tool and I'm going to have to press Shift+Tab. In order to bring back my right-side panels, I'll press the F7 key for a moment, just so I can conserve some space here to hide the Layers panel and I'll click on the i or press F8 to bring up the Info panel.

Now I'll move this guy over here and hopefully we'll get some decent auto-scrolling going here, you never know. I'm going to start dragging, like so, with this tool and I'll press the Spacebar and move it down a little bit. And what I want to see? See that H value in the Info panel, I want it to be 4, and let's get all the way over to the other side of the window here, and then see my H value is 4 at this point. So Width is 2360, Height is 4, release. Now that's one way to work and it didn't work. Notice that, it's only a height of two pixels so something went wrong, but you know what? The width is 2360.

Alright, I'll take that into account, I'll press Ctrl+D, Command+Do on the Mac. You can turn the Marquee Tool into any size Marquee drawing device you want to. All you got to do is go over to Style and change it from Normal to Fixed Size. And then I'll say that I want the Width to be 2360, and I'm working in pixels so it will automatically convert to pixels there, and I want the Height to be 4, the end. Press the Return key, the Enter key on the Mac, now I just click inside the image and I have a 4-pixel tall horizontal line.

Then because I'll presumably not want to be drawing those over-and-over again I will switch Style back to Normal so that I have a usable Marquee Tool in the future. Alright, now I've got some guidelines setup, Ctrl+Semicolon, Command+Semicolon on the Mac, and a pretty much on the guide it looks like, but I'm going to go ahead and zoom in a little bit. I want it to be slightly below the guide so that the top of this selection snaps to this lower horizontal guideline. Alright, that's it now you can press Ctrl+Semicolon or Command+ Semicolon again to get rid of that guideline and I'm going to press the F7 key to bring back my Layers panel and I'm going to press Ctrl+Shift+N, Command+Shift+N on the Mac to bring up New Layer and call it stroke or something along those lines, click OK, and I'm going to press the X key in order to make my foreground color white because I want this to be a White to Transparent gradient.

I will switch to the Gradient Tool right there which you get by pressing the G key. Make sure that you're drawing a Linear gradient, and click this down pointing arrowhead and choose this second swatch right there, Foreground to Transparent, that's what we want. And otherwise you should be seeing the default settings that you se on my screen. Alright, let's go ahead and zoom out and click, so I can see what the heck I'm doing and you know what? Let's just Shift+Tab everybody away, get out of here, and press Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac, so I hide that selection outline, and now I'm going to drag from above -- some place within the word Einstein and I'm Shift+Dragging by the way so that I'm constraining the angle of my gradient to exactly horizontal, and then I'll release and I end up getting this effect right there, which looks pretty good, I like it.

And there is my Gradient Stroke, so we have a combination of two gradients working together. One that's darkening this bottom area of the composition and another that's helping us distinguish some of the design elements. Thanks to a couple of differently styled gradient layers, one of which by the way is the layer that I can double-click on and change its values, and the other is a static pixel layer working together here inside Photoshop.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals .

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Q: While following along to the tutorial, my copy of Bridge does not have the same Export options as shown in the video. Why are these options missing in my copy?
A: For some reason, Bridge CS5 shipped without the Export options. They were included when Bridge updated to version 4.0.1. Updating Bridge will restore the export options.
Q: While following along with the exercises, next to the background layer on my Layers panel \, it shows a brush instead of the small picture, as it does in the video. What can I do to fix this? I erased the exercise files and started over, but it still shows the paintbrush.
A: This will occur if the Layers panel preview is turned off. To fix this, right-click in the empty gray area below the Background layer. Then choose Large Thumbnails. The thumbnail previews should come back immediately.
Q: The instructions for installing the dekeKeys don't work on my computer (which is running Mac OS X Lion). Is there an update to these?
A: The dekeKeys distributed with this course will still work for Lion. You just need to add them to a slightly different folder than in previous versions of OS X.

Open a new Finder window and choose Go > Go to Folder. Type the following file path exactly as written below. Copying and pasting may result in an error.

~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe Photoshop CS5/Presets/Keyboard Shortcuts

Move and/or copy/paste the dekeKeys to this folder and follow the rest of the instructions as outlined in the video, "Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts."
Q: How do I load the color workflow setting for this course? I downloaded the exercise files, and when I attempt to load the setting into Photoshop, they don't appear in the Finder.

A: These days, it's easier to assign the workflow settings manually. In Photoshop, choose Edit > Color Settings. Then change the first RGB setting to Adobe RGB, and click OK.

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