Foundations of Photography: Flash
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Foundations of Photography: Flash

with Ben Long

Video: Guide number considerations

All flash units are given a rating, called a guide number, that is
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  1. 1m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 35s
  2. 33m 1s
    1. Exposure revisited
      2m 22s
    2. How flash works
      2m 12s
    3. Balancing ambient light and flash
      3m 54s
    4. Shutter speed, aperture, and flash
      4m 11s
    5. Fill and key light with flash
      4m 13s
    6. Understanding flash range
      2m 47s
    7. Understanding flash modes
      5m 16s
    8. Flash sync options
      3m 2s
    9. Some notes about your camera's built-in flash
      5m 4s
  3. 32m 50s
    1. When to use fill flash
      1m 39s
    2. Using fill flash in auto and program modes
      2m 44s
    3. Fill flash in priority or manual modes
      2m 38s
    4. Using flash exposure compensation
      9m 14s
    5. Using fill flash to eliminate unwanted shadows
      5m 46s
    6. Using fill flash to darken a background
      5m 1s
    7. Using flash to supplement ambient light
      3m 48s
    8. Filling in for a bright sunset
      2m 0s
  4. 33m 53s
    1. Shooting a portrait with flash as the key light
      4m 27s
    2. Why use an external flash?
      3m 34s
    3. Flash power and recharging times
      4m 21s
    4. Flash zoom
      1m 45s
    5. Taking the flash off camera
      5m 35s
    6. Using a softbox
      5m 3s
    7. Balancing flash and window light
      4m 22s
    8. Paying attention to the light in the room
      3m 39s
    9. Flash and white balance
      1m 7s
  5. 54m 20s
    1. Bouncing flash to improve lighting
      13m 8s
    2. Alternative options for bouncing flash
      5m 12s
    3. Using slow sync with flash
      8m 50s
    4. Rear-curtain sync
      11m 54s
    5. Using radio controls to fire a flash
      4m 32s
    6. Working with manual flash
      10m 44s
  6. 25m 16s
    1. Building up to multiple flash units
      13m 3s
    2. Adding the second flash for fill
      5m 19s
    3. The third flash as a backlight
      6m 54s
  7. 7m 50s
    1. Which brand of flash should you buy?
      1m 27s
    2. Guide number considerations
      3m 13s
    3. Shopping recommendations
      3m 10s
  8. 42s
    1. Next steps

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Watch the Online Video Course Foundations of Photography: Flash
3h 9m Appropriate for all Dec 13, 2013

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Harsh, unflattering lighting can ruin a photo—and with flash, it's easy to get harsh, unflattering lighting. But flash is a necessary part of a photographer's toolset—after all, the world doesn't always provide you with the best natural light.

Fortunately, it isn't difficult to get great results from flash, and in this course, photographer, author, and teacher Ben Long details the concepts and techniques behind effective lighting with flash. Ben starts with fundamentals that build on exposure principles taught in other installments of Foundations of Photography—simple techniques that improve the results from a camera's built-in flash. He then focuses on fill flash techniques and on using flash as a key light. The course also explores topics ranging from bouncing and syncing flash to shooting with one or more off-camera flash units.

Topics include:
  • How flash works
  • Balancing ambient light and flash
  • Understanding flash ranges and modes
  • When to use fill flash
  • Using an external flash
  • Bouncing flash to improve light
  • Building up multiple flash images
  • Purchasing a flash
Ben Long

Guide number considerations

All flash units are given a rating, called a guide number, that is simply a number that is a guide to how powerful the flash is. Now, as you might expect, a higher guide number indicates a flash with more power. A flash with more power, though, is also going to be physically larger than a flash with less power. So if you want to keep the size and weight of your bag down then you may not want to buy a flash with more power than you think you'll need. Using the guide number, you can quickly get a sense for what a flash can do lighting-wise.

Guide numbers are specific to a particular focal length and aperture, and your flash's manual should list the guide numbers for different focal lengths. For example, according to the manual, this Canon 580EX has a guide number, or range, of 190 feet when shooting with a 105 mm lens, at ISO 100. All that data is in the manual, you can get a PDF of the manual off of the web, then check into this before you ever buy the flash. You need to pay close attention to the units that are specified with the guide number. This flash is called the 580 EX because its highest guide number is 58, but that's referring to 58 meters.

A manual, fortunately, lists guide numbers in both feet and meters and they just stuck the zero on here because 58 EX doesn't sound as cool as the 580 EX, but very often the name of the flash would be an indication of the guide number. Maximum guide number. Now as we've seen flash brightness is a effect by aperture. So shooting with a wider aperture effectively gives you flash greater range. Using the guide number you can determine the effective range of the flash at any given aperture. For example if I'm shooting at F8, I simply divide the appropriate guide number by the aperture to find out the effective range of the flash.

In this case, I find that I have a range of 190, divided by eight, or 23 feet. It's quite a bit less than the full range of the flash. In comparison, this Canon 430 EX which has a guide number of 141 when shooting at 105 millimeters at ISO 100, at F8 this flash will have an effective range of 17 feet. So at F8, the range in these two flashes is only 6 feet. Now that may not seem like much, which may lead you to wonder why you should spend the extra money on the bigger flash.

But as distance increases, the difference in flash range will grow significantly and you can calculate that from the guide numbers. You can also use the guide number to calculate a good aperture for a subject at a given distance. That is, an aperture that will ensure good flash coverage. Now, the only time that you might need to do that is if you were shooting with manual flash. To be honest, I never think about guide numbers while I'm shooting, but that's simply because of the way I shoot. It's also because I shoot digitally, I can try a shot and review the results on my camera. If you are shooting film, these guide number calculations are often the best way to ensure that you are not wasting film.

Still it's good to know what guide numbers are, and what the guides numbers tabled are in your flash manual, and they are definitely handy when flash shopping if you want to get a sense how a flash power corresponds to range. Power is not the only different between one flash and another. There are other features that you'll want to consider. But if you are considering of different power, you might want to do some simple guide number calculations to get a sense of the range differences between differences at different apertures and ISOs.

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