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In Program mode the only decisions that the camera makes are Shutter Speed and Aperture. Everything else, Auto Focus mode, Drive mode, Flash, White Balance, ISO and lots more all of that can changed by you. What's more through Program Shift and Exposure Compensation you can alter the camera's initial shutter speed and aperture choices. Program mode is probably where you will spend the bulk of your time shooting. To switch to Program mode, I just go here to my mode Dial and change to the big P. When I do that, if I have the guide feature on, it shows me the screen, remember that's interruptible just by half-pressing the Shutter button.
My Status display is very different here in Program mode than it was in Auto mode. I get a lot more information. First, I can see that I'm in Program mode. I can see that my ISO is set to Auto. I currently have no Exposure Compensation dialed in. My Scene mode is set to Auto. I am in Auto White Balance. I have my Auto Lighting Optimizer on standard setting. I am in One Shot Auto Focus mode, Burst mode or Drive mode, which means I'll get multiple shots as long as I hold the button down.
Evaluative Metering mode, I am shooting JPEG images at best quality. I've got a full battery and I can fit approximately 482 images on the space that's currently available on my card. When I half-press the Shutter button you can see I get some additional things here. It has metered to choose 1/100th of a second Shutter speed and F6.3. And as you can see that times out if I don't take a picture within a certain amount of time. So this is all of the critical information that you need not just to see status information about how your camera is configured, but also to see your Exposure settings after you've metered.
So you'll be referring to this a lot as you shoot, just to keep track of what your camera is up to, but of course, most of this information is also mirrored inside the Viewfinder so you don't have to take your eye away to see this while you're shooting.
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