Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Three solutions to the same problem

From: Foundations of Photography: Exposure

Video: Three solutions to the same problem

I've got a problem; my subject here is horribly backlit. Now this is something you have seen a lot of during this course, so you should know by now that while I have got this problem, I have also got three possible solutions. These are all things you have seen before. I am going to go over them again, real quick. So there's bad backlighting behind him. I am in program mode right now, and I am in program mode because I just want a nice shot of them. And I am not really concerned right now about depth of field and things like that. And I know that my program mode is going to choose some nice middling exposure settings that are going to get me good exposure and probably kind of soft background, but normally care about that.

Three solutions to the same problem

I've got a problem; my subject here is horribly backlit. Now this is something you have seen a lot of during this course, so you should know by now that while I have got this problem, I have also got three possible solutions. These are all things you have seen before. I am going to go over them again, real quick. So there's bad backlighting behind him. I am in program mode right now, and I am in program mode because I just want a nice shot of them. And I am not really concerned right now about depth of field and things like that. And I know that my program mode is going to choose some nice middling exposure settings that are going to get me good exposure and probably kind of soft background, but normally care about that.

It's just a nice time to be shooting in program mode, because I am going to be able to work quickly and get what I want. I am in matrix metering mode, as I said but there's a lot of bright white behind him. And when I take this shot, as you have seen before, he is underexposed because the camera is metering for all that sky back there. So what can I do about this? Well, I can change metering modes. I am going to switch over to spot meter right now. That's going to take a meter just--a meter reading just off the middle of his face, and that's going to brighten up his face at the cost of the background. That's okay. I am willing to lose the background.

I really want him there. So that's one solution. I am going to put my metering mode back in matrix mode though, and now I am going to overexpose. Using my exposure compensation control, I am going to dial in one stop of overexposure. So I am going to intentionally overexpose the shot to better expose his face, again, at the cost of the background. And as you have seen, there's no way I can get this full dynamic range. I am just having to choose here, and that's simply the way photographic technology is right now. Put my exposure compensation back where it was, and pull out my third solution, which you may have already guessed, and that's fill flash, as we talked about before.

A lot of people think flash is for low light and flash is hard to use in low light, but what flash can be really useful for though, is evening out an exposure. By shining some light into his face, I get some nice fill on his face, and I still have a nicely exposed background. Now, of all these three choices, you can see that fill flash is actually working the best. Why are we going over all this again if we have learned each of these lessons separately? One, just kind of reiterate them and reinforce them. But also to point out that you cannot take a recipe approach to photography.

You can't say, "Well, when you are in a backlight situation, this is what you do." Because invariably the first time you go out and do that, you are going to find the exception to the rule. You need to know all of this exposure theory; you need to know all of these camera mechanics because you never know which one is going to be right for a particular situation. These are all parts of your toolbox, and you need to know every single tool in that toolbox-- not just to solve a situation like this that can be solved by one of these solutions, but to also know how you can mix and match and combine them. That's why we have gone over some things that seem to be redundant or repetitive or tools that seems to do the same thing as each other, because there is a trade off in all of them.

So having all of these tools under your belt is going to allow you walk into any type of exposure scene, try a few things, experiment with a few things-- shooting digital is free; it's not costing as any film or processing-- try as much as we can, until we zero in on the right solution.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Foundations of Photography: Exposure
Foundations of Photography: Exposure

64 video lessons · 86018 viewers

Ben Long
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 8m 45s
    1. Welcome
      1m 57s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 31s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 52s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
      40s
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 2s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
      53s
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 43s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
      55s
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 58s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 57s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
      59s
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
      53s
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 15s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 45s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye
      39s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Foundations of Photography: Exposure.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.