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Foundations of Photography: Exposure

Shutter speed increments


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Foundations of Photography: Exposure

with Ben Long
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  1. 8m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 56s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 32s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 53s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
      40s
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 3s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
      53s
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 44s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
      55s
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 59s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 58s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
      59s
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
      53s
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 16s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 46s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye
      39s

Video: Shutter speed increments

Take a look at this list of shutter speeds. You have seen this before in this course. Now, you may have spotted this already, but each one of these shutter speeds is roughly double the previous. If you watch the Reciprocity lesson, you should know the significance of that doubling. As you saw before, every time you double the amount of light that strikes the sensor, you increase the exposure by 1 stop; conversely, if you halve the light, you decrease the exposure by 1 stop. So these shutter speeds are all 1 stop apart.

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Foundations of Photography: Exposure
3h 24m Appropriate for all Dec 23, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Arriving at the best exposure for a photo is part science and part art. In Foundations of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long helps photographers expand their artistic options by giving them a deep understanding of shutter speed, aperture, ISO, and all other critical exposure practices. This course covers the basic exposure controls provided by all digital SLR cameras, as well as most advanced point-and-shoot models. Learn how to master a camera's metering modes, how to use exposure compensation and bracketing, and much more. By the end of the course, you'll know how to develop an "exposure strategy" that will allow you to effectively employ your exposure knowledge in any shooting situation.

Topics include:
  • What is exposure?
  • Exploring camera modes
  • Light metering
  • Shooting sharp images
  • Controlling shutter speed
  • Understanding f-stops
  • Controlling motion
  • Working with a shallow depth of field
  • Measuring aperture
  • Shooting in low light conditions
  • Performing manual light balance
  • Working with the histogram
  • Using fill flash
  • Understanding reciprocity
Subjects:
Photography Cameras + Gear Photography Foundations Lighting
Author:
Ben Long

Shutter speed increments

Take a look at this list of shutter speeds. You have seen this before in this course. Now, you may have spotted this already, but each one of these shutter speeds is roughly double the previous. If you watch the Reciprocity lesson, you should know the significance of that doubling. As you saw before, every time you double the amount of light that strikes the sensor, you increase the exposure by 1 stop; conversely, if you halve the light, you decrease the exposure by 1 stop. So these shutter speeds are all 1 stop apart.

These are the standard shutter speeds that you will find in all cameras, and in the old days of manual cameras, these were the only shutter speeds you had at your disposal. Now, while that may have been a little limiting in terms of finessing your exposure settings, it made the math of exposure very easy to do in your head. Your digital camera probably has additional shutter speeds between these, because your digital camera can probably change shutter speed in 1/3-stop increments. So, as you dial through the shutter speeds on your camera, you will probably see a selection that looks more like this.

I have put the full stop shutter speeds in boldface. Those are two numbers you see between each boldface pair or 1/3rd-stop intervals. Let's take a look at it on a real camera here. This camera can change exposure intervals in 1/2-stop or 1/3rd-stop increments. That's a setting I can change in the custom functions on this camera. Your camera may or may not have that option. So, I am in shutter priority mode, and I am currently set at 1/30 of a second. I am going to increase my shutter speed, so I am going to increase it to a faster speed.

I dial it up one notch, and I get to a 40th of a second. You can see that right down here. That's 1/3rd-stop faster than a 30th of a second. From there, I go to 50th of a second. That's 2/3rds. With my next setting, I am going to get to my next full-stop increment, that is the first doubling of my original shutter speed, which is a 60th. From there, up a third-of-a-stop would be 80th, then 1/100th, and then finally to my second full-stop doubling at 1/25th. So, how do you know how much to adjust shutter speed to achieve a desired effect? Sometimes that's just experimentation.

If you want to blur an image, start with a slower shutter speed, take a shot, see how it looks. That immediate review is one of the great advantages of digital photography. And over time you will learn from experience what shutter speed is a good starting point for a specific effect.

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