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Noting shutter speed


Foundations of Photography: Exposure

with Ben Long

Video: Noting shutter speed

Noting shutter speed provides you with in-depth training on Photography. Taught by Ben Long as part of the Foundations of Photography: Exposure
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  1. 8m 45s
    1. Welcome
      1m 57s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 31s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 52s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 2s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 43s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 58s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 57s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 15s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 45s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye

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Noting shutter speed
Video Duration: 4m 3s3h 24m Appropriate for all Dec 23, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Noting shutter speed provides you with in-depth training on Photography. Taught by Ben Long as part of the Foundations of Photography: Exposure

View Course Description

Arriving at the best exposure for a photo is part science and part art. In Foundations of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long helps photographers expand their artistic options by giving them a deep understanding of shutter speed, aperture, ISO, and all other critical exposure practices. This course covers the basic exposure controls provided by all digital SLR cameras, as well as most advanced point-and-shoot models. Learn how to master a camera's metering modes, how to use exposure compensation and bracketing, and much more. By the end of the course, you'll know how to develop an "exposure strategy" that will allow you to effectively employ your exposure knowledge in any shooting situation.

Topics include:
  • What is exposure?
  • Exploring camera modes
  • Light metering
  • Shooting sharp images
  • Controlling shutter speed
  • Understanding f-stops
  • Controlling motion
  • Working with a shallow depth of field
  • Measuring aperture
  • Shooting in low light conditions
  • Performing manual light balance
  • Working with the histogram
  • Using fill flash
  • Understanding reciprocity
Ben Long

Noting shutter speed

Violinists practice scales, painters practice line, people who are lousy at their craft don't practice at all. Now you can probably get where I am going with this: to be a good photographer you have to practice-- you have to practice a lot. Just as a violinist practices scales until they are in her fingers, you've got to practice shooting until certain things are muscle memory. You have learned the importance of half-pressing your shutter button to autofocus and meter. That's your first kind of muscle-memory habit. Your second one has to be to always take note of shutter speed after you meter. Here is why.

You have seen that a slow shutter speed can blur things in an image, and you understand that when I am shooting at a slower shutter speed, there is a chance that camera-shake is going to render my entire image soft or blurry. That means that every single time you half-press that shutter button to meter, you have to take note of your shutter speed to find out if it is fast enough to get a good shot. Now if you are on a tripod, this isn't going to matter, but when we are shooting handheld, you have to always note shutter speed to make sure it is fast enough for handheld shooting.

Now I am out here in bright daylight right now. It's full-on afternoon daylight. So I am going to meter on these flowers here, and I see that I get a shutter speed of 1/250th of a second. That is plenty fast for handheld shooting. There are going to be other times though when you might see that your shutter speed is a little bit too slow. Let's take a look at one of them. Take a situation like this. This should feel somewhat familiar to you. I am in a restaurant. Some friends are here. I just want to take some pictures of them. It's much, much lower light in here than it was outside.

In fact, it's so low that when I meter, my shutter speed is reading a third of a second. A third of a second is way too slow for handheld shooting. At a third of a second, any tiny, little shake is going to appear in my image as blurriness. So this is why it is so critical that you always, always, always, always take note of the shutter speed after you meter, because this is a fairly normal situation we are in, the kind of situation where you are going to want to take pictures. The inside of your house is probably like this, the inside of your office, inside of a restaurant, any kind of social situation where you are wanting to shoot, you are going to very potentially be facing a lower shutter speed problem.

Now, how slow is too slow? To be honest, there is a fairly exacting formula you can use for calculating the minimum shutter speed that's allowed when shooting handheld. We are not going to go into that right now. You can learn about that in the lenses course. We are just going to, for now, use a blanket shutter speed, and say, if your shutter speed is reading less then a 60th of a second, you are in danger of camera shake. You are possibly in the realm of shutter speed that is too slow. So what do you do? I come into a place like this. My friends are here. I want to shoot them, and my camera meters a third of a second.

Well, there are a couple of things that we are going to learn later that you can do. We don't want to get to those yet. First, I want you to develop this habit, in the meantime. When you face this kind of situation, when your shutter speed drops below a 60th of a second, you need to decide to either, well, this is too slow, I am just not going to take this picture, or you have got to work really, really hard to stabilize your camera. In this case, because I am standing up, stabilization is pretty easy. I put my elbows at my side. I keep them there. I put my camera in this hand. It is being buttressed by this elbow. My other hand goes here.

I raise the camera all the way to my eye. I don't hold the camera out here and put my head up to it. I come all the way up here. This is a very, very, very stable way to shoot. I can also try to set the camera on something. Stabilize it this way. If I am sitting down, I can rest my elbows on the table. It might technically be bad etiquette, but for photography it is a great thing-- anything you can to get the camera stable. Now a little bit later you can learn some exposure tricks to get you out of these low-shutter-speed situations, but I don't want you to go there yet. Right now your goal is to develop a muscle-memory-ingrained habit that every single time you meter, you read that shutter speed and find out if it's fast enough for you to get the shot you want.

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