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Foundations of Photography: Exposure
Illustration by

Modes


From:

Foundations of Photography: Exposure

with Ben Long

Video: Modes

Once a year, my grandmother used to go down to a local photo studio to have her portrait taken, but she didn't refer to this is having her picture taken. She always said she was going to have her picture made. As a kid, I always thought that sounded little weird, but now I understand that there is an important difference between those two words. Taking a picture implies that the image is just sitting out there in the world, yours for the taking if you can just get a camera trained on it. But the fact is good photos are more often made. That is you can't simply point a camera at some scenes and walk away with a good shot; instead, you have to make the shot.
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  1. 8m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 56s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 32s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 53s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
      40s
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 3s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
      53s
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 44s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
      55s
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 59s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 58s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
      59s
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
      53s
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 16s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 46s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye
      39s

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Foundations of Photography: Exposure
3h 24m Appropriate for all Dec 23, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Arriving at the best exposure for a photo is part science and part art. In Foundations of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long helps photographers expand their artistic options by giving them a deep understanding of shutter speed, aperture, ISO, and all other critical exposure practices. This course covers the basic exposure controls provided by all digital SLR cameras, as well as most advanced point-and-shoot models. Learn how to master a camera's metering modes, how to use exposure compensation and bracketing, and much more. By the end of the course, you'll know how to develop an "exposure strategy" that will allow you to effectively employ your exposure knowledge in any shooting situation.

Topics include:
  • What is exposure?
  • Exploring camera modes
  • Light metering
  • Shooting sharp images
  • Controlling shutter speed
  • Understanding f-stops
  • Controlling motion
  • Working with a shallow depth of field
  • Measuring aperture
  • Shooting in low light conditions
  • Performing manual light balance
  • Working with the histogram
  • Using fill flash
  • Understanding reciprocity
Subjects:
Photography Cameras + Gear Photography Foundations Lighting
Author:
Ben Long

Modes

Once a year, my grandmother used to go down to a local photo studio to have her portrait taken, but she didn't refer to this is having her picture taken. She always said she was going to have her picture made. As a kid, I always thought that sounded little weird, but now I understand that there is an important difference between those two words. Taking a picture implies that the image is just sitting out there in the world, yours for the taking if you can just get a camera trained on it. But the fact is good photos are more often made. That is you can't simply point a camera at some scenes and walk away with a good shot; instead, you have to make the shot.

You have to come up with answers to a lot of questions, and make quite a few decisions: from composition to where you're going to stand to your exposure settings. Some images will require more decisions than others, but photography is largely a process of working your way through a lot of options. In the old days when cameras were all manual, you have to make every single one of this decisions yourself. But with the automatic features on today's cameras, you can choose which decisions you want to make and which you want to leave up to the camera. Now somewhere on your camera is a mode control. The shooting mode you choose controls which decisions the camera makes and which will be left up to you.

For example, this Canon camera here simply has a mode dial here on the top. I can turn it to change shooting mode. All cameras these days have a full auto mode. In this mode the camera makes every single decision and offers you very little control, or override. Most cameras also have a program mode, which is marked with a P. This affords you a little more control then auto mode and is usually a nice balance of automation and manual control. If you're using a smaller camera, like a small point-and-shot camera, you may not have a mode dial, simply because there may not be room on the camera for a dial.

So you'll dig out your mode there from the menu. Throughout the rest of this course, we'll be discussing the other modes that you might see on your mode control. What you need to do now is to identify your camera's mode control, learn how to use it, and figure out how to get your camera into program mode. Your cameras manual should walk you through how to do this. Remember, program mode is mostly going to make all relevant decisions for you, but as you'll see, you'll also have some powerful manual overrides at your disposal.

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