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All DSLRs also have a Fully Manual mode. This means that you are controlling both the Shutter speed and the aperture. Now, why would you want to do this? Most of the time, you're going to be shooting in one of the Semi Automatic modes. Either Aperture Priority, or Shutter Priority. Full Manual, again, gives you full control. And I can think of two situations where you're likely to want to do this. One of them is in a studio setting, where you have a completely controlled lighting setup. Nothing is going to change, and once you've figured out the exact right exposure. You don't want your camera to change because your light's not changing. And so, you want to leave it as is. The second situation is when you're learning.
Going into Fully Manual mode is actually a great way to really, finally, truly understand what Aparture and Shutter speed mean to your camera. By going out in your backyard and finding a good exposure, and then adjusting the aperture. And adjusting the Shutter speed manually, you will finally fully understand what those two settings do, and how they interact off of each other. So to switch in the Full Manual mode, on the Canon, simply rotate the dial to the M mode. That's M for manual and then to adjust your Shutter speed you'll find it on the dial that's just above the shutter.
And you'll see that changes your Shutter speed. To change your aperture you'll find there's a large dial on the back of the camera and when you rotate that it changes the aperture. The Nicon is very similar except for the dials are reversed. First lets switch it into the Manual mode. And then there's a dial just below the shutter trigger, and I'm going to rotate that. It's going to change the aperture. And there's another dial on the back, over your thumb, and that one is going to change the Shutter speed.
Again, pretty much the only time you're going to use these modes, is when you're in a perfectly controlled lighting situation Or you're just learning the basics of your camera. But I do encourage you to check it out because it really can help you figure out the difference between Aperture and Shutter speed. And how they play with each other, and how they interact off of each other depending on your setting.
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