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Focusing

From: Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)

Video: Focusing

For the most part focusing in Movie mode is exactly the same as it in Live View mode. I half press the Shutter button, the image on the screen is analyzed, when focus is found the green box lights up, the camera beeps and now I'm ready to start recording just like I always would. I want to note though that if I half press the Shutter button again, nothings happens. It's not possible to auto- focus again while video is rolling and Canon did this on purpose. Let's take a look at why. I'm going to skew things out of focus a little bit here and just watch how long it takes the camera to auto-focus and all the things that happens while it's doing, and I half press it goes out, it goes in, it goes out, it goes in, it grinds back and forth and then finally beeps.

Focusing

For the most part focusing in Movie mode is exactly the same as it in Live View mode. I half press the Shutter button, the image on the screen is analyzed, when focus is found the green box lights up, the camera beeps and now I'm ready to start recording just like I always would. I want to note though that if I half press the Shutter button again, nothings happens. It's not possible to auto- focus again while video is rolling and Canon did this on purpose. Let's take a look at why. I'm going to skew things out of focus a little bit here and just watch how long it takes the camera to auto-focus and all the things that happens while it's doing, and I half press it goes out, it goes in, it goes out, it goes in, it grinds back and forth and then finally beeps.

If I was allowed to focus while shooting that whole process would be recorded and not only what I see it go in and out of focus, but I would hear the lens grinding if I was using the camera's internal microphone. So by default Canon disables that, so that you don't accidentally go into Auto-focus or even intentionally go into Auto-focus and mess up your video with a bunch of distracting focus moves. If you need to though, you can enable the ability to auto-focus during video. AF with Shutter button during little movie camera icon.

If I go into there I can hit Enable. So if I'm in a situation where I don't care about that distracting auto-focus, I just absolutely need to keep the camera rolling and I want to be sure that I can auto-focus while it's rolling then you might want to enable that feature, most of the time you will want to leave that disabled. Auto-focus modes, as you can see I've got the same three modes that I would have in Live View, Live mode which is the one we just saw, Face Detection Live mode and Quick mode, which will flip the mirror up and actually use the Auto-focus sensors. Now this one I definitely cannot use while I'm shooting video, because we can't have the mirror go up without interrupting the video completely, but I could do that before I focus and of course I can manually focus.

And if you're really good at writing the manual focus, you can do that while you're rolling and have pretty good effect, but that's a very, very difficult skill to acquire. Back into the menus let's looks at the couple of other things here. I've got most of the same post processing and many of the same exposure controls that I have when I'm shooting still images. I have Highlight Tone Priority. I have Auto Lighting Optimizer. I can choose Picture Styles and Custom White Balance. Look over here I also got just a normal shooting menu where I can pick a still image Quality and Peripheral Illumination Correction.

That's because as you've already seen while I'm rolling video I can shoot stills also, so this just lets me configure what those stills are going to be. I want to take a look back here at something you may have noticed earlier when we looked at Movie Recording Size. When I go in here and as you saw if I turn the dial I can pick these different sizes, but if I use the left and right arrow buttons I can also opt for digital zoom when I have chosen a movie size of 1920x1080. So let me just turn that on, and now let's go out here and you see that I've zoomed in here.

I'm in a digital zoom mode right now. If I press and hold the Display button as you can see I can use the Zoom in and Zoom out buttons to digitally zoom in farther. So this gives me an extra bit of reach over what my lens can do on its own, so if I really need a little bit of extra zooming power this is a nice feature to have. I can even use it while I'm rolling, but there is possibly an image quality hit to be taken, so you're going to want to experiment with this a little bit before you depend on it for an important shot. Let's turn that back off and now when I come out, I'm back to the shoot I had before.

The critical thing to remember about focusing video is that while I have Auto-focus before I start shooting I don't have continuous auto-focus while I'm shooting. So if my camera to subject distance changes, either because I move the camera or because my subject moves, there is a very good chance things are going to fall out of focus. This is not like shooting video with a point and shoot camera or a real video camera, so you're going to have to learn a new set of skills for either keeping things in focus or just paying attention to when things go out of focus.

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This video is part of

Image for Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)
Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)

88 video lessons · 21509 viewers

Ben Long
Author

 
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  1. 5m 59s
    1. Welcome
      1m 27s
    2. What is an SLR?
      2m 39s
    3. How to use this course
      1m 53s
  2. 22m 33s
    1. Basic camera anatomy
      2m 39s
    2. Attaching a lens to your camera
      2m 36s
    3. Batteries and media cards
      2m 44s
    4. Powering up
      2m 38s
    5. Menu navigation and factory defaults
      4m 1s
    6. Setting the date and time
      1m 31s
    7. Setting the language
      1m 7s
    8. Formatting the media card
      2m 48s
    9. Holding the camera
      2m 29s
  3. 21m 23s
    1. Setting Auto mode
      4m 14s
    2. The viewfinder display
      5m 31s
    3. The LCD screen
      2m 15s
    4. Autofocus basics
      2m 38s
    5. Lens controls
      1m 17s
    6. Flash in Auto mode
      1m 26s
    7. Image review
      2m 28s
    8. Image playback
      1m 34s
  4. 21m 14s
    1. What Program mode does
      1m 57s
    2. Exposure compensation
      2m 15s
    3. Metering revisited
      1m 57s
    4. Changing ISO
      2m 51s
    5. Program shift
      2m 30s
    6. Image format and size
      4m 21s
    7. Creative Auto mode
      2m 20s
    8. The Info button
      1m 17s
    9. The Quick Control button
      1m 46s
  5. 6m 21s
    1. Manually selecting a focus point
      2m 33s
    2. Focus modes
      1m 19s
    3. Manual focus
      2m 29s
  6. 7m 30s
    1. Auto white balance
      1m 54s
    2. White balance presets
      2m 7s
    3. Manual white balance
      3m 29s
  7. 8m 56s
    1. Drive mode
      3m 16s
    2. The self-timer
      2m 19s
    3. Remote controls and Bulb mode
      3m 21s
  8. 19m 38s
    1. Metering modes
      2m 19s
    2. Exposure lock
      56s
    3. Aperture Priority mode
      2m 50s
    4. Depth-of-field preview
      2m 11s
    5. Shutter Priority mode
      2m 23s
    6. Manual mode
      2m 46s
    7. Auto exposure bracketing
      2m 34s
    8. Auto lighting optimizer
      1m 59s
    9. Peripheral illumination correction
      1m 40s
  9. 18m 0s
    1. Metadata display
      3m 2s
    2. LCD brightness
      52s
    3. Rotation
      1m 4s
    4. Rating images
      1m 43s
    5. Applying creative filters
      2m 6s
    6. Protecting and deleting images
      3m 26s
    7. File numbering options
      2m 51s
    8. Creating folders
      48s
    9. Copyright information
      2m 8s
  10. 4m 55s
    1. What is a scene mode?
      1m 8s
    2. Scene modes and image formats
      3m 47s
  11. 6m 34s
    1. Fill flash
      1m 2s
    2. Flash exposure compensation
      1m 52s
    3. Red-eye reduction
      1m 36s
    4. Night Portrait scene mode
      2m 4s
  12. 6m 59s
    1. Picture styles defined
      2m 7s
    2. Selecting a picture style
      1m 38s
    3. Adjusting predefined styles
      2m 20s
    4. Monochrome picture styles
      54s
  13. 13m 53s
    1. Activating Live view
      4m 42s
    2. Focusing in Live view
      5m 31s
    3. Aspect ratio
      1m 35s
    4. Live view's drawbacks
      2m 5s
  14. 12m 55s
    1. Configuring and activating video
      5m 17s
    2. Focusing
      4m 6s
    3. Exposure control
      2m 11s
    4. Movie playback
      1m 21s
  15. 15m 6s
    1. Custom menus
      2m 11s
    2. Custom functions
      1m 31s
    3. Exposure level increments
      1m 0s
    4. ISO expansion
      1m 8s
    5. Long exposure noise reduction
      1m 9s
    6. High ISO speed noise reduction
      1m 46s
    7. Highlight tone priority
      1m 53s
    8. AF-assist beam firing
      56s
    9. Mirror lockup
      1m 17s
    10. Shutter/AE Lock button
      2m 15s
  16. 4m 37s
    1. Camera and sensor cleaning
      1m 4s
    2. Operating conditions and temperatures
      2m 9s
    3. Firmware updates
      1m 24s
  17. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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