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This course details the features, controls, and options in the Nikon D7000 camera. Author Ben Long provides an overview of a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera and reviews the Nikon D7000 camera's components and basics of operation, including changing lenses, navigating the menus, shooting in Auto mode, and reviewing and managing photos on the camera's LCD screen. The course also covers white balance options, advanced metering and autofocus controls, flash, and shooting HD video, and includes a chapter on sensor and camera maintenance.
If you're used to shooting video at the Video mode of a point-and-shoot camera or with an actual video camera, then you're used to continuous auto-focus. That is, you're used to the camera constantly auto-focusing on the fly to ensure that your subject remains in focus. When you shoot with your DSLR, it doesn't work that way unfortunately. Because the auto-focus sensors are blind as we've discussed, it can't constantly keep your subject in focus, and that means you need to think a little bit harder about focus when shooting video. You've seen already how auto- focusing can take a little while.
see how it hunts in and out to find the focus. I typically don't want that to happen while I'm in the middle of shooting video. So in general, it's best to auto- focus before you start rolling video. Now, when video is rolling, you can still half-press the shutter button to focus, but you just need to know that there's a good chance that it may start doing that focus hunting thing which can be a little distracting. There are a couple of workarounds to that. You can switch to Manual mode on your lens and focus manually with the focus ring. That's a difficult skill to develop. You're going to need some practice to learn how to follow your subject, and keep them in focus, but it's a nice way of focusing quickly and focusing quietly.
You don't hear the motor and the lens moving that way. Another option though is to do something else that we've already seen and turn on Full-time-servo focus, so that the camera will constantly track a moving subject, and keep it in focus. You can even turn on face detection and have it work that way. It's not a foolproof solution, you still won't find auto-focus that's as fast or quiet or as accurate as what you get from a video camera. But it's a nice workaround for times when you absolutely need to shoot video of something that's moving or when you are moving, when you're carrying the camera around.
If you want more manual control than just focus control, then you're going to want to think about your Mode dial and you're going to want to think about it in the same way that you do when you're shooting stills. You've got full shutter speed and aperture control if you wanted. So, for example, one of the great advantages of working with a Digital SLR for video is that I've got aperture control. I can go here into Aperture Priority mode and choose any aperture that I want. So, for example, I might dial in a nice small aperture to ensure very deep depth of field, or I might open up all the way to have really shallow depth of field and therefore very blurry backgrounds.
I can get softer backgrounds than I can with any video camera that you maybe shooting with. You can get a really film like look out of your video by taking control of aperture. I can also take control of shutter speed. I can switch to Shutter Priority mode and dial in any shutter speed that I want. So for example, I might go to a faster shutter speed to try and freeze motion, so that I can more clearly see sports action for example. In general though, it's best for everyday shooting to stay around at 50th of a second. That's going to give you a very nice video look.
If I want, I can even take full manual control of all of my Exposure parameters. But to do that, in addition to switching to manual mode, I need to go here into my Menu and go to Movie settings, and then I need to go down here to Manual movie settings and I need to make sure that these are turned on. This is a safeguard that Nikon has provided to keep you from accidentally shooting poorly exposed video. If I come out now, see my video has gotten very dark. I need to slow down my shutter speed to get it up brighter.
So this is just a way to keep me from accidentally shooting overexposed video or underexposed video. If you're okay with doing that, then by all means go into Manual mode, enable manual shooting, and overexpose to your heart's content. In general though, you're probably going to want to leave this feature turned off just so that you don't accidentally do something you shouldn't. Typically, you're going to stay in Aperture Priority mode because you want depth of field control, or you're going to stay in Program mode because you simply want easy shooting.
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