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Exposure compensation with program shift

From: Foundations of Photography: Exposure

Video: Exposure compensation with program shift

Shutter speed, aperture, and ISO are all there is to exposure, and by now you should be comfortable with the idea that how you set those settings doesn't matter. What makes a good photographer is not whether he uses priority or manual mode or program mode or whatever; what makes a good photographer is whether he or she understands what those three exposure settings need to be to achieve a particular end, or deal with a particular type of light. How you set them doesn't matter. No one ever looked at a nicely exposed pretty image and said, "Oh! That's really nice.

Exposure compensation with program shift

Shutter speed, aperture, and ISO are all there is to exposure, and by now you should be comfortable with the idea that how you set those settings doesn't matter. What makes a good photographer is not whether he uses priority or manual mode or program mode or whatever; what makes a good photographer is whether he or she understands what those three exposure settings need to be to achieve a particular end, or deal with a particular type of light. How you set them doesn't matter. No one ever looked at a nicely exposed pretty image and said, "Oh! That's really nice.

It's too bad it was shot in program mode." It just doesn't work that way. We have looked at the exposure compensation control, which allows you to tell the camera to over- or underexpose above or below what its meter thinks the scene should be, and we have also looked at program shift, which lets you cycle through all of the reciprocal combinations for any particular lighting situation. Think for a moment now about how if you are in program mode, the way that you can combine those two settings. I might see a scene. I might be walking around, in program mode, and I am in program mode because I want to be able to just move quickly, and I don't have any particular artistic goals in mind. And maybe a scene starts unfolding very quickly, and I need some manual control. Having to figure out what mode I might want to be in and switch might take enough time that I can't get there.

But with the combination of program shift and exposure compensation, I actually have pretty much full manual control when I am in program mode. I can meter my scene in program mode, use my program shift control to either get to the aperture or shutter speed that I want, and then if I decide I need some over- or underexposure maybe for backlight or to increase color saturation, I can just dial in some exposure compensation. That is basically allowing me to select very specific apertures and shutter speed without ever leaving program mode. So those are two controls that it's a good idea to get a get a strong handle on and start practicing using them in combination, because the two of them combined with program mode might be all the manual control you ever need for some situations.

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This video is part of

Image for Foundations of Photography: Exposure
Foundations of Photography: Exposure

64 video lessons · 83044 viewers

Ben Long
Author

 
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  1. 8m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 56s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 32s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 53s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
      40s
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 3s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
      53s
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 44s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
      55s
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 59s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 58s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
      59s
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
      53s
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 16s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 46s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye
      39s

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