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Foundations of Photography: Exposure
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Exercise: Go work with aperture


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Foundations of Photography: Exposure

with Ben Long

Video: Exercise: Go work with aperture

When you first get started trying to work with aperture, you're probably going to find yourself a little confused in having to really think through things a lot. You are going to stop and set up your shot, and probably have to think, "Okay, is a bigger aperture more or less depth of field, and is a bigger number or bigger or smaller aperture?" Don't worry about that. After practice, you are going to learn that by rote. And speaking of practice, now is a good time to get out there and try some depth-of-field practice. So what should you do? It's pretty simple. Just go look for shallow depth- of-field situations. Find someone to shot a portrait of.
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  1. 8m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 56s
    2. What is exposure?
      4m 8s
    3. A word about camera brands
      2m 40s
  2. 9m 32s
    1. What is a camera?
      2m 53s
    2. The shutter
      3m 53s
    3. The aperture
      1m 33s
    4. Exposure defined
      1m 13s
  3. 13m 50s
    1. Modes
      2m 7s
    2. Pressing the shutter button
      2m 54s
    3. Autofocus
      5m 22s
    4. Light metering
      2m 3s
    5. White balance
      1m 24s
  4. 29m 26s
    1. Shooting sharp images
      1m 58s
    2. Noting shutter speed
      4m 3s
    3. Taking control of shutter speed
      1m 30s
    4. Stop defined
      2m 50s
    5. Shutter priority mode
      4m 34s
    6. Exercise: Shutter speed
      40s
    7. Reciprocity
      3m 13s
    8. Controlling motion
      7m 8s
    9. Shutter speed increments
      2m 21s
    10. Exercise: Go work with shutter speed
      1m 9s
  5. 26m 3s
    1. Depth of field
      1m 53s
    2. How aperture is measured
      2m 42s
    3. Aperture priority mode
      4m 57s
    4. Lens speed
      53s
    5. Shooting deep depth of field
      3m 53s
    6. Shooting shallow depth of field
      2m 50s
    7. The depth-of-field preview button
      4m 24s
    8. How shallow should you be?
      2m 47s
    9. Exercise: Go work with aperture
      1m 44s
  6. 16m 26s
    1. ISO: The third exposure parameter
      6m 27s
    2. Assessing your camera's high ISO
      5m 32s
    3. Shooting in low light
      3m 32s
    4. Exercise: Shooting in low light
      55s
  7. 14m 30s
    1. White balance controls
      5m 37s
    2. Adjusting white balance manually
      4m 25s
    3. Shooting raw
      4m 28s
  8. 6m 3s
    1. How light meters work
      1m 47s
    2. Why are there different modes?
      4m 16s
  9. 33m 59s
    1. Exposure compensation
      4m 0s
    2. Intentional overexposure
      2m 40s
    3. Intentional underexposure
      1m 42s
    4. Controlling tone
      2m 31s
    5. The histogram
      10m 4s
    6. Real-world histograms
      5m 49s
    7. Tone and color
      2m 16s
    8. Auto exposure bracketing
      3m 58s
    9. Exercise: Go work with exposure compensation
      59s
  10. 12m 56s
    1. Dynamic range
      2m 24s
    2. Exposing for highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Fill flash
      3m 11s
    4. Three solutions to the same problem
      3m 6s
  11. 12m 26s
    1. Manual mode
      2m 6s
    2. Manual mode and light meters
      4m 52s
    3. Manual exposure exercise
      5m 28s
  12. 12m 1s
    1. Custom modes and A-DEP
      1m 39s
    2. Program shift
      3m 52s
    3. Exposure compensation with program shift
      1m 58s
    4. An exercise in reciprocity
      53s
    5. Scene modes and in-camera processing
      3m 39s
  13. 8m 16s
    1. Shooting with post production in mind
      3m 46s
    2. Exposure strategy
      3m 51s
    3. Goodbye
      39s

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Foundations of Photography: Exposure
3h 24m Appropriate for all Dec 23, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Arriving at the best exposure for a photo is part science and part art. In Foundations of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long helps photographers expand their artistic options by giving them a deep understanding of shutter speed, aperture, ISO, and all other critical exposure practices. This course covers the basic exposure controls provided by all digital SLR cameras, as well as most advanced point-and-shoot models. Learn how to master a camera's metering modes, how to use exposure compensation and bracketing, and much more. By the end of the course, you'll know how to develop an "exposure strategy" that will allow you to effectively employ your exposure knowledge in any shooting situation.

Topics include:
  • What is exposure?
  • Exploring camera modes
  • Light metering
  • Shooting sharp images
  • Controlling shutter speed
  • Understanding f-stops
  • Controlling motion
  • Working with a shallow depth of field
  • Measuring aperture
  • Shooting in low light conditions
  • Performing manual light balance
  • Working with the histogram
  • Using fill flash
  • Understanding reciprocity
Subjects:
Photography Cameras + Gear Photography Foundations Lighting
Author:
Ben Long

Exercise: Go work with aperture

When you first get started trying to work with aperture, you're probably going to find yourself a little confused in having to really think through things a lot. You are going to stop and set up your shot, and probably have to think, "Okay, is a bigger aperture more or less depth of field, and is a bigger number or bigger or smaller aperture?" Don't worry about that. After practice, you are going to learn that by rote. And speaking of practice, now is a good time to get out there and try some depth-of-field practice. So what should you do? It's pretty simple. Just go look for shallow depth- of-field situations. Find someone to shot a portrait of.

Remember that you are going to be using a big aperture, which means a smaller number. You are going to be trying to ensure, in your shallow depth of field work, that there is something large in the background to reveal your shallow depth of field. Then try and take the same shot with deeper depth of field. Also, go out and try and find some shots that benefit specifically from deep depth of field, like a nice landscape shot. Remember, with those, you are going to be needing a smaller aperture, which is a bigger number, and you are going to have to think about where to focus to be sure that your depth of field is being maximized. There is more to understanding depth of field than simply knowing which buttons to press and which settings to dial. You need to develop an aesthetic for when you need shallow and when you might be better served with deeper depth of field.

One of the best ways to do that obviously is practicing with your own shots, but also start paying attention to it in other shots that you see, both in still photos, in maybe fine art photos or advertising photos, but also pay attention to it in movies and TV shows that you watch. All these same things apply there, and same aesthetics apply there. Try and start noticing when a photographer, or in a TV show, or in a movie, where the depth of field has been intentionally shortened and then stop and think about how they might have done that. So, this is your chance to go get some depth of field practice before we move on.

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