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Auto white balance

From: Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)

Video: Auto white balance

Different types of light shine with different colors. For example, tungsten lights are redder or warmer than fluorescent lights. While your eye does an amazing job of adjusting automatically to different types of light, so that colors always look correct, your camera doesn't fare so well. Your camera has to be calibrated to the type of light that you're shooting in. If it's not, color is going to appear wrong. This process is called White Balancing. The idea is that you calibrate the camera so that white appears correct, because white contains all other colors. If you can get white looking good, then you get all the other colors for free.

Auto white balance

Different types of light shine with different colors. For example, tungsten lights are redder or warmer than fluorescent lights. While your eye does an amazing job of adjusting automatically to different types of light, so that colors always look correct, your camera doesn't fare so well. Your camera has to be calibrated to the type of light that you're shooting in. If it's not, color is going to appear wrong. This process is called White Balancing. The idea is that you calibrate the camera so that white appears correct, because white contains all other colors. If you can get white looking good, then you get all the other colors for free.

By default, your camera is set to Auto White Balance. With Auto White Balance, the camera will attempt to continuously white-balance itself on-the-fly as you shoot. Setting White Balance on the Rebel is very easy. First of all, let's take a look at this spot on our screen right here shows us what we're currently set to, AWB is Auto White Balance. So we're still set to the default which is Auto White Balance. We don't actually need to change anything. But if we did, we would simply hit this WB. That's the White Balance button. I hit that, and I get my White Balance menu and I've got a range of options here, Auto White Balance, and then I've got a bunch of presets, we're going to go over these separately in another movie, and then I've got Manual White Balance out here.

Notice that I can move back and forth using the dial or my left and right buttons back here. Once I've chosen the White Balance that I want, I hit the OK button. It highlights and goes away and I see my change here. Again, it's very important when you're manipulating these menus that you don't dial over to what you want, and then just half press the Shutter button. That did not actually change anything. You've got to hit the Set button. You'll probably find that you can stick with Auto White Balance for most of your shots. Where it will start to let you down though is in shady light or situations with mix lighting, say sunlight streaming into a fluorescently lit room.

In those instances, you'll need to change to a different White Balance Setting.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)
Shooting with the Canon Rebel T3i (600D and Kiss X5)

88 video lessons · 21053 viewers

Ben Long
Author

 
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  1. 5m 59s
    1. Welcome
      1m 27s
    2. What is an SLR?
      2m 39s
    3. How to use this course
      1m 53s
  2. 22m 33s
    1. Basic camera anatomy
      2m 39s
    2. Attaching a lens to your camera
      2m 36s
    3. Batteries and media cards
      2m 44s
    4. Powering up
      2m 38s
    5. Menu navigation and factory defaults
      4m 1s
    6. Setting the date and time
      1m 31s
    7. Setting the language
      1m 7s
    8. Formatting the media card
      2m 48s
    9. Holding the camera
      2m 29s
  3. 21m 23s
    1. Setting Auto mode
      4m 14s
    2. The viewfinder display
      5m 31s
    3. The LCD screen
      2m 15s
    4. Autofocus basics
      2m 38s
    5. Lens controls
      1m 17s
    6. Flash in Auto mode
      1m 26s
    7. Image review
      2m 28s
    8. Image playback
      1m 34s
  4. 21m 14s
    1. What Program mode does
      1m 57s
    2. Exposure compensation
      2m 15s
    3. Metering revisited
      1m 57s
    4. Changing ISO
      2m 51s
    5. Program shift
      2m 30s
    6. Image format and size
      4m 21s
    7. Creative Auto mode
      2m 20s
    8. The Info button
      1m 17s
    9. The Quick Control button
      1m 46s
  5. 6m 21s
    1. Manually selecting a focus point
      2m 33s
    2. Focus modes
      1m 19s
    3. Manual focus
      2m 29s
  6. 7m 30s
    1. Auto white balance
      1m 54s
    2. White balance presets
      2m 7s
    3. Manual white balance
      3m 29s
  7. 8m 56s
    1. Drive mode
      3m 16s
    2. The self-timer
      2m 19s
    3. Remote controls and Bulb mode
      3m 21s
  8. 19m 38s
    1. Metering modes
      2m 19s
    2. Exposure lock
      56s
    3. Aperture Priority mode
      2m 50s
    4. Depth-of-field preview
      2m 11s
    5. Shutter Priority mode
      2m 23s
    6. Manual mode
      2m 46s
    7. Auto exposure bracketing
      2m 34s
    8. Auto lighting optimizer
      1m 59s
    9. Peripheral illumination correction
      1m 40s
  9. 18m 0s
    1. Metadata display
      3m 2s
    2. LCD brightness
      52s
    3. Rotation
      1m 4s
    4. Rating images
      1m 43s
    5. Applying creative filters
      2m 6s
    6. Protecting and deleting images
      3m 26s
    7. File numbering options
      2m 51s
    8. Creating folders
      48s
    9. Copyright information
      2m 8s
  10. 4m 55s
    1. What is a scene mode?
      1m 8s
    2. Scene modes and image formats
      3m 47s
  11. 6m 34s
    1. Fill flash
      1m 2s
    2. Flash exposure compensation
      1m 52s
    3. Red-eye reduction
      1m 36s
    4. Night Portrait scene mode
      2m 4s
  12. 6m 59s
    1. Picture styles defined
      2m 7s
    2. Selecting a picture style
      1m 38s
    3. Adjusting predefined styles
      2m 20s
    4. Monochrome picture styles
      54s
  13. 13m 53s
    1. Activating Live view
      4m 42s
    2. Focusing in Live view
      5m 31s
    3. Aspect ratio
      1m 35s
    4. Live view's drawbacks
      2m 5s
  14. 12m 55s
    1. Configuring and activating video
      5m 17s
    2. Focusing
      4m 6s
    3. Exposure control
      2m 11s
    4. Movie playback
      1m 21s
  15. 15m 6s
    1. Custom menus
      2m 11s
    2. Custom functions
      1m 31s
    3. Exposure level increments
      1m 0s
    4. ISO expansion
      1m 8s
    5. Long exposure noise reduction
      1m 9s
    6. High ISO speed noise reduction
      1m 46s
    7. Highlight tone priority
      1m 53s
    8. AF-assist beam firing
      56s
    9. Mirror lockup
      1m 17s
    10. Shutter/AE Lock button
      2m 15s
  16. 4m 37s
    1. Camera and sensor cleaning
      1m 4s
    2. Operating conditions and temperatures
      2m 9s
    3. Firmware updates
      1m 24s
  17. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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