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One thing that has become very important to photographers is the capability of shooting RAW files. Even if you have not had a need to shoot RAW, some photographers use it occasionally and some photographers use it all the time, but most photographers are aware that it has special processing capabilities. Video in a DSLR, on the other hand, has no RAW capability. In this movie, we are going to look at what no RAW capability means for shooting video. If you're used to the control you get with RAW, you will have to adjust. You do not get that control with video.
There have been a lot of misconceptions about RAW, because RAW is really a unique concept to photography. A RAW file is not arbitrarily better than a JPEG file. In fact, a JPEG file is actually a RAW file that has been processed smartly inside your camera. A JPEG file is a file with a limited amount of information that can be processed. If the file has been shot very carefully and you don't need to do a lot to it, then it won't look any different than a RAW file. However, if there are any issues with that file from when it was captured, you will be more limited as to what you could do compared to a RAW file.
A RAW file is an image file that has a huge amount of information in it compared to the JPEG file. You can do much more with it, gaining more tonal and color information out of it compared to JPEG. RAW image files have extra capability for when you need it. RAW files allow you to dig more detail and color out of bright areas and dark areas in your photograph. RAW files offer the ability to do significant fixing to an image without quality loss.
You can't do that with video. If you start getting sloppy with how you are taking your pictures, your video will suffer. You have to be sure that your exposure is good, that you've chosen a white balance, and that the light is appropriate for your subject and scene. There is no RAW for video in a DSLR. If you're used to shooting JPEG files, this might not be such a big issue. Video exposure has very many similarities to JPEG, but if you are used to shooting RAW files and then working on them in the computer, you're not going to be working on your video images in the computer in that way.
Now, maybe you have seen some video editing software and noticed there are some capabilities for adjustment of things like exposure, white balance, and so forth. That's true, there are those capabilities, but they are quite limited compared to RAW files. If you start making major adjustments in the computer on a video file, it is going to start to come apart in terms of quality. By come apart I mean the quality drops in a hurry. You will lose tonality, you will pick up noise, you'll have color issues, you'll have issues with how smooth gradations are.
In other words, you're going to have problems. So, the best thing to do is shoot your video as best as you can with the understanding that you're not going to be able to fix big problems later in the computer. I will be talking more about how to shoot better quality video in other movies in this course. For now, just keep in mind that you need to be careful and don't get sloppy with how you shoot video.
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