We launched a new IT training category! Check out the 140+ courses now.

Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Understanding the anatomy of a variant

From: Corel Painter 11: Mastering Brushes

Video: Understanding the anatomy of a variant

When you are working in Painter and selecting brushes, you are selecting variants and a variant has a lot of components to it that are underneath the hood and not exposed to you. But what I would like to do here is go through and show you these various components to give you a better understanding of how Painter keeps track of the various brushes within Painter and if you are inclined to go into the operating system and noodle around in the folders, you can actually find all of these files and have a greater understanding of what they are.

Understanding the anatomy of a variant

When you are working in Painter and selecting brushes, you are selecting variants and a variant has a lot of components to it that are underneath the hood and not exposed to you. But what I would like to do here is go through and show you these various components to give you a better understanding of how Painter keeps track of the various brushes within Painter and if you are inclined to go into the operating system and noodle around in the folders, you can actually find all of these files and have a greater understanding of what they are.

So let's start at the top and the Brush Selector bar is where you are exposed to a variant. What happens? The first thing is a variant is essentially a recipe that is all of the settings that are in the Brush Control palette. So, every slider, every drop-down menu, every radio button, is a menu item that becomes part of a recipe and all of those end up being encoded into an XML file.

This is prescribed list that details every setting within Painter. So the heart of a variant is the XML file and in this case we are taking a look at the Square Chalk variant within the Chalk category. So the first thing that has to happen here is it's got to create that XML file when you save a variant. It will use whatever name you give it, in this case, Square Chalk. So we have got one file, Square Chalk.xml. That's one component of a variant.

Now the next thing that happens is there are a couple of graphic elements that are associated with the file. For example, up in the Brush Selector bar under the Variant dropdown menu there is a little graphic representation of the dab of that particular variant. That is stored in what's called a nib file. So it's just a small graphic that represents what it looks like. Also, you can alternatively set up the dropdown menu for variants so that it shows a sample stroke.

That is a stroke file, which is another graphic. So those two files are stored along just to make it efficient for Painter to display those when you choose to look at either one of those graphic representations of the Square Chalk. So we have got a couple of more elements now. All these files will always share the same name. So in every case it's Square Chalk.nib or Square Chalk.xml, but whichever it is, it's always going to share the same name. So now we have got three files associated with our variant.

In some cases, as is the case with the Square Chalk, you have a captured dab. That dab actually represents the mark that is put onto the canvas and used to make the stroke and whenever there is a captured dab, that file must be also kept along with the other files. Now, just to make a fine point here, the nib and stroke files are not required if you want to give a variant to another user.

If it's a captured dab, that JPEG file certainly has to go with it. Painter won't know what to do with a variant that specifies it uses a captured dab and if the file isn't there, it will fail to be able to use it. But the nib and stroke files, Painter automatically creates those the first time a variant is opened up. So those are important files to show you what they are in the makeup of a variant, but they're not important to travel with the essential files that another user would have to have, which is the XML file always and if it happens to be a captured dab, that JPEG file has to go with it as well.

Now where does all of this go? All of the variants within a category, and we are looking at Chalk this time, go into a folder, the Chalk folder. From there that Chalk folder resides in the Painter Brushes folder. The Painter Brushes folder is then nested into another folder called Brushes. The reason for that is you may have more than one brush library, so all of Painter's brush libraries are stored in the Brushes folder. If you have Painter 6 Brushes folder, it would be underneath the Brushes folder itself.

So there could be multiple Brush libraries within your Brushes folder. Then above the Brushes folder it finally goes into the Painter 11 folder and this path hierarchy is found within the user folder on your system. So this is how a variant is organized within Painter and what you see as the tip of the iceberg is just that simple selection you make in the Brush Selector Bar, but underneath the hood, Painter is managing all of these different files and keeping track of them for you, so that you don't have to do the heavy lifting.

So when you click on that variant button the Brush Selector bar, keep in mind, Painter is doing a lot of work for you.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Corel Painter 11: Mastering Brushes
Corel Painter 11: Mastering Brushes

58 video lessons · 7329 viewers

John Derry
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 2s
    1. Introduction
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 2s
  2. 22m 31s
    1. Defining categories and variants
      2m 14s
    2. Understanding dabs
      3m 35s
    3. Manipulating grain
      5m 34s
    4. Defining brush stroke methods and subcategories
      4m 15s
    5. Modifying stroke behavior with Expression
      2m 37s
    6. Cloning images
      4m 16s
  3. 28m 59s
    1. Understanding the anatomy of a variant
      5m 10s
    2. Modifying a brush with the Brush Creator
      4m 16s
    3. Modifying a brush with the Brush Control palette
      4m 37s
    4. Which is best?
      1m 47s
    5. Setting up a stroke testing palette
      6m 3s
    6. Manipulating pressure adjustments
      4m 37s
    7. Saving a brush variant
      2m 29s
  4. 52m 44s
    1. Bristle Media in action
      3m 55s
    2. Painting with acrylics
      5m 35s
    3. Painting with gouache
      6m 37s
    4. Modifying resaturation and bleed with oils
      8m 6s
    5. Painting with Artists' Oils
      6m 52s
    6. Modifying the bearing expression with palette knives
      5m 59s
    7. Using RealBristle brushes
      3m 23s
    8. Painting with impasto
      8m 5s
    9. Using loaded brushes
      4m 12s
  5. 1h 9m
    1. Utility Media in action
      2m 43s
    2. Painting with airbrushes
      8m 50s
    3. Using an eraser as a mark-making tool
      3m 44s
    4. Using blenders
      5m 34s
    5. Using cloners
      7m 7s
    6. Distorting an image with the Distortion brush
      7m 15s
    7. Simulating artist brush styles with the Artist category
      6m 29s
    8. Making common photo adjustments with the Photo category
      1m 51s
    9. Using sponges and modifying captured dabs
      8m 4s
    10. Using FX brushes
      5m 53s
    11. Painting with pattern pens
      6m 45s
    12. Painting with the image hose
      5m 7s
  6. 27m 29s
    1. Dry Media in action
      2m 53s
    2. Drawing with pencils and colored pencils
      7m 37s
    3. Painting with chalk and using directional paper grain
      8m 16s
    4. Painting with pastels
      6m 19s
    5. Drawing with crayons
      2m 24s
  7. 26m 16s
    1. Ink Media in action
      2m 46s
    2. Configuring the Leaky Pen
      5m 0s
    3. Drawing with calligraphy pens
      6m 12s
    4. Using felt pens and markers
      4m 38s
    5. Exploring surface tension with liquid ink
      7m 40s
  8. 23m 7s
    1. Watercolor in action
      3m 24s
    2. Painting with digital watercolor brushes
      5m 25s
    3. Painting with the traditional watercolor brushes
      8m 28s
    4. Painting with the Tinting brush
      5m 50s
  9. 18m 20s
    1. Selecting and modifying an existing variant
      6m 13s
    2. Adjusting the color behavior of the new variant
      4m 0s
    3. Fine tuning and naming the new variant
      8m 7s
  10. 22m 29s
    1. Creating a new category and copying variants into it
      6m 25s
    2. Packaging brushes for distribution
      7m 54s
    3. Pruning a library
      4m 9s
    4. Understanding the Master Brush Library and the User Brush Library
      4m 1s
  11. 24s
    1. Goodbye
      24s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Corel Painter 11: Mastering Brushes.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.