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Color is a major component of Painter, after all, you need it to paint. Painter offers multiple methods for accessing and controlling color. In this video, we'll take a look at the Color palette, Painter's primary color selecting tool. So if we go over to the right side of the screen here, we'll see we have the Color palette open, and the main surface of it has this two component color selection model, and basically you've got a hue ring. If you member back from your grade school days when we learned about Roy G. Biv, and the organization of colors as seen in the rainbow, that's basically what we've got organized here.
So that by moving the indicator on the hue ring, we can get to various colors. If I want to get to blue say, I can either drag this here to the blue and find the particular hue of blue that I want, or another way to do it is you can just click on the hue ring where you see color you want. Then if you need to do any fine adjustment, you can do it right here with the indicator. Within the hue ring we've got the saturation value triangle. Basically, how this is organized is at the far-right edge of the triangle, this particular hue at its full saturation. As we go up to the upper-left corner of the triangle, we are adding more and more white to that color, until we get to the corner, it's actually 100% white.
Conversely, if we go from the right corner down to the bottom-left, we're going to be adding more and more black to the triangle. So these are typically referred to as tints and shades, and in between all of that you've got all of those various tints and shades available to you. If you take the indicator, and just slide it up and down on the left edge itself, you're going to have a grayscale from black to white. So within this triangle, you've got a wide selection of all of the basic possibilities within the hue, that's selected on the hue ring.
Now, another thing we've got here is the RGB sliders. And RGB is great in computing, as a way to describe color, but it's not really intuitive, especially in an art environment. So yes, you've got red, and green, and blue, but it's really hard to understand what is going to happen as you adjust each of these sliders. So another way to look at color is in terms of Hue/Saturation value, which is going on right here in the hue ring and the saturation value triangle, and we can switch the sliders to HSV.
So if I click here, we've now got our Hue/Saturation and Value sliders, and if you notice what happens here, if I change the hue ring, see what's happening, only the hue slider is being adjusted. So you can either think in terms of adjusting the hue on the hue ring itself, or you could adjust it according to the slider, and the same is true of saturation and value. As I move the Saturation slider farther and farther to the right, it's going to take this farther and farther into saturation.
So I've got two different ways to manipulate color, and it's up to you which works best for you. Now, you can also if you want to, you can turn off the color information and if you're totally comfortable with just working with the hue ring and saturation value triangle, you can even simplify the display a bit more by removing the sliders. I'm also going to show you what happens if I take this out, I can resize this palette, and why would I want to do that? Especially on this small display, it's taking up a lot of space.
So what I am going to show you here probably makes more sense when you've either got a higher resolution display, or you may be working with multiple displays. When you increase the size of this, this makes room for more pixels to represent more values, and what that means is you get a much more refined color selection. If we temporarily go back in here and switch the Color Info on, when this is set up to a larger scale, if you watch the sliders, for example, you'll see that I'm getting much more refined values in there.
It's going from each value that's possible. When this is very small, it doesn't have as much resolution in the color space. So now, it's jumping multiple steps at a time. So one reason you may want to have the display larger, is it gives you the ability to access more colors. They are all there, it's just that the ring itself doesn't have enough resolution to be able to allow you to get at all colors as it does when it's expanded outward. That's really the only true benefit of enlarging this up when you want to do that.
The other thing I want to talk about are the two color indicators here, we have the Main Color and what's called the Additional Color. I will talk about the Additional Color in depth later. But right now, the Main Color is the one you want to focus on, because when you are painting with a brush, for example, the color that it's going to use is going to be the color that it finds in this indicator. So if I switch to a very different color, it's going to change. Now, you're going to see, and this is a good point to show this, some brushes like a watercolor brush like we are showing here, can never in some cases get to the actual color you see in here.
A watercolor may have a pigment that's that color, but depending on how much water is combined with the pigment, you may or may not get to that color. In most cases, I would say, the color you see is the color you're going to get. I just happen to have a water brush here and it looks like, at first, it's not going to get to that color. But if I change to say there, you know enough application of it over itself will get you to that color. So while this is an indicator of color depending on the medium you're working in, you may see some variations within it.
The last thing I want to talk about is the Clone button here. And when I turn this on, you'll see that the color display goes gray. This is to let you know that you've switched from having your brush pay attention to color, and now it's paying attention to the clone source. And right now, by default, the current clone source is this pattern down here. And so when I paint, the colors that are going to appear in the brush are going to be related to the current pattern, and a lot of people get confused by this.
They will pick up a brush, start painting with it expecting to color, and they see this and they're trying to figure out where is that color coming from? Well, a couple things, once you've done it a few times, you realize, I'm picking up the current clone source, and the other thing is to just go over and pay attention to the Color palette, and if it's grayed out, all you need to do is click it, so it's back to showing color again, and you will then once again be painting with the color from the Color palette, rather than the clone source. So the Color palette provides a very visual, intuitive way to select color, and the easier it is to select color, the more quickly you're going to be painting your images.
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