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If we are going to talk about color management at all, we have to talk about monitor or display calibration. And it's not within the scope of this title to get into the nitty-gritty of that, but I'm going to talk about color management assuming that you do have a calibrated monitor. If you don't, I highly advise you to educate yourself about color management and potentially invest in a calibration device for your specific display.
Without that, you really don't know what colors you're dealing with. So if you're working in Painter and particularly if you are going to go back and forth between Photoshop, if you are really going to be outputting artwork to a device, you really want probably do that in Photoshop. Painter does have color management settings and they are helpful, but it's always best you use the tool for the best purpose. And as I discussed in the last video, Photoshop really is the correct tool to do that kind work.
But let's assume that you don't have a set up at all right now. I am going to go to the Canvas menu and we are going to go look at Color Management Settings. The best advice I can give you, particularly if you have Photoshop, is you want to mirror the same settings in both applications. So I am going to leave this up and we are going to go over to Photoshop, and we are going to go to its color management settings, and let's just put these up right next to one another.
If you know nothing about color management, what I am going to give you here would be my starting point recommendations for how to set it. If you do know about color management then you can go and set these up however you want, but obviously you are going to want these two applications to be speaking the same languages. I definitely recommend that you work in the Adobe RGB Space. It gives you just a wider color gamut to work in, and especially if you're going back and forth, the fact that you're transferring your files between applications setup the same is going to eliminate some headaches.
As far as Painter and CMYK, I don't recommend it, it's there and you can work with it. But again, if you are going to be outputting to CMYK, you shouldn't be doing it in Painter, it should be an application like Photoshop. In terms of profiles, you typically want to use the embedded profile that is already in a file when it comes into Painter. Using the pop-up that uses the embedded profile is the way to go. And notice we are keeping these the same in both applications, so it's keeping the embedded profile, it's preserving it over here.
Profile mismatch, if you don't know about it keep that open so at least a warning will come up and tell you your profiles are not matching. And even more so if you open an image that has no profile you want to know about it so you could at least assign a profile to that image. Now the other thing that is important is the color engine. That is used to make all of these transformations. And there are two that are generally available. Typically, you are going to find on Mac system that it will be set to the Apple color management system.
However, because I'm assuming you're going to be working back and forth between Photoshop, Adobe has their own color management module and you can actually download the color management module for Adobe and have it installed. So this gives you the same color management engine on both systems, which again, will help to eliminate any discrepancies between the way the two applications are managing color. Finally you get into Rendering Intent.
Rendering Intent is basically deciding, based on the kind of content you have, which one of these would you want to use. I'm typically recommending Relative Colorimetric, although in the last year or so, I've found sometimes I actually prefer Perceptual. But if you don't know anything I'd say set it to Relative Colorimetric. And as you get more advanced in your understanding of color management you may want to experiment. Perceptual would probably be the other one that you are going to use with the kind of imagery produced in Painter.
That's my recommendation and if you set both of your applications to share these same set of conditions, you will eliminate a lot of headaches in being able to get accurate color out of Painter.
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