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Refining OpenType text features

From: Word 2010 Power Shortcuts

Video: Refining OpenType text features

OpenType fonts are specially designed for professional layout. Certain fonts including the Microsoft ClearType collection including Cambria, Calibri, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel contain OpenType features that change the shape of the letters from small caps, ligatures, number forms, and stylistic sets. Gabriella, a Windows 7 font, is particularly feature-rich. You can tell when a font is OpenType when you drop down the Font menu and you see an O next to some of the fonts.

Refining OpenType text features

OpenType fonts are specially designed for professional layout. Certain fonts including the Microsoft ClearType collection including Cambria, Calibri, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel contain OpenType features that change the shape of the letters from small caps, ligatures, number forms, and stylistic sets. Gabriella, a Windows 7 font, is particularly feature-rich. You can tell when a font is OpenType when you drop down the Font menu and you see an O next to some of the fonts.

If you see a T those are TrueType fonts, and they work a little differently than this. Now just because the font is OpenType doesn't mean that it will take advantage of the features that I'm about to show you. It's completely up to the font designer, but let's take a look. After you've selected an OpenType font, open up the Font Launcher, either using this button here or pressing Ctrl+D. Click on the Advanced tab in the Font dialog box and let's turn our attention down here to the OpenType Features. Let's start with Ligatures.

Instead of each letter being individually drawn, specific letter combinations are designed together as one glyph, for example, after you type f i or ffi OpenType fonts replace the characters with one glyph created by the font designer. This aids in legibility. So if you look at my example, if you don't have Ligatures turned on the f and i are two separate letters and this is what the f is like. But if you turn on Standard Ligatures the f and the i are replaced by this combination fi glyph and the same happens for these two fs.

Now as you're editing the f and the i and the f and the f act as individual characters, but they're drawn together to aid legibility. If you choose standard, those are the ligatures that typographers generally turn into glyphs. Standard and Contextual may include additional ligatures created by the font designer. Historical and Discretionary may include ligatures that have fallen out of current usage. I'll go ahead and set this to Standard. Let's turn our attention to numbers. There are two different settings, Number Spacing and Number Forms. The Number Spacing are either proportional or tabular.

Proportionally spaced numbers have variable widths. A four is wider than a one. Candara, Constantia, and Corbel all set to Proportional by default. Tabular spaced numbers all have the same width and they line up well underneath each other when they're working with math. Cambria, Calibri and Consolas are set to Tabular by default. Your Number form choices include Lining an Old style. Lining numbers all have the same height and they don't extend below the baseline.

Cambria, Calibri and Consolas are set to Lining by default. Old style numbers may be higher than text characters or extend below the baseline. Candara, Constantia, and Corbel are set to Old style by default. Stylistic sets add frills and flair to OpenType text. The larger the number, the more the adornment. Let's take a look at the font Gabriella over here on the left. By default this is what Gabriella looks like, but if you bump it up to Style Set 3, you get a little bit more flair.

If you set it to Style Set 5, the frills increase. When you bump it up to Style type 7, it looks like old-fashioned calligraphy. Fonts that you wouldn't ordinarily think had any jazz to them will surprise you. If you find that the top or the bottom of the scrolling gets cut off, increase the paragraph spacing before and after, like we discussed earlier in this course. Now last, there is a checkbox for Use Contextual Alternates. Here's an example of Contextual Alternates down here. If the font designer is so inclined, you may see letters change shape depending on the text around them.

So if I was typing this is different, by the time I got to this is d, the d has a whole lot of frill to it. As soon as I add the i, the d takes this shape, and then when I continue on to the word different the extender gets even shorter. By adjusting your OpenType settings your document will look professionally typeset, both aiding in readability and adding some elegance.

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This video is part of

Image for Word 2010 Power Shortcuts
Word 2010 Power Shortcuts

74 video lessons · 13173 viewers

Alicia Katz Pollock
Author

 
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  1. 1m 39s
    1. Welcome
      51s
    2. Using the exercise files
      48s
  2. 44m 45s
    1. Selecting text for formatting
      7m 0s
    2. Mastering the Navigation pane
      3m 53s
    3. Using the Reveal Formatting pane
      4m 47s
    4. Clearing formatting
      1m 38s
    5. Adjusting paragraph spacing
      4m 58s
    6. Setting tabs using the ruler
      5m 59s
    7. Inserting horizontal lines
      3m 39s
    8. Using AutoCorrect to create abbreviations
      2m 12s
    9. Working with the text wrap features
      4m 58s
    10. Setting defaults for new documents
      5m 41s
  3. 4m 59s
    1. Opening recent files
      3m 2s
    2. Changing the AutoRecover settings
      1m 6s
    3. Changing the default saving location
      51s
  4. 6m 23s
    1. Using KeyTips to select Ribbon commands
      3m 18s
    2. Using keyboard shortcuts and function keys
      3m 5s
  5. 6m 48s
    1. Splitting the screen
      2m 12s
    2. Navigating with Browse by Object
      2m 35s
    3. Using the Go To tab in the Find and Replace dialog
      2m 1s
  6. 25m 50s
    1. Inserting random boilerplate text
      44s
    2. Selecting paste options
      4m 2s
    3. Inserting today's date
      2m 41s
    4. Using Click and Type
      45s
    5. Using Overtype mode
      2m 4s
    6. Cutting to the Spike
      2m 48s
    7. Using advanced Find and Replace techniques
      8m 0s
    8. Editing the dictionary
      2m 53s
    9. Refining grammar options
      1m 53s
  7. 38m 22s
    1. Marking inconsistent formatting
      1m 22s
    2. Applying theme colors vs. standard colors
      3m 30s
    3. Hiding text
      1m 56s
    4. Inserting symbols and special characters
      6m 3s
    5. Working with AutoFormat
      4m 36s
    6. Typing symbols with AutoCorrect
      1m 30s
    7. Inserting nonbreaking spaces
      1m 16s
    8. Inserting diacritical marks
      2m 38s
    9. Creating drop caps
      1m 31s
    10. Inserting and removing hyperlinks
      5m 33s
    11. Refining OpenType text features
      4m 5s
    12. Replicating font formatting
      4m 22s
  8. 20m 33s
    1. Adding first-line indents
      3m 23s
    2. Controlling line and page breaks
      5m 59s
    3. Mastering columns
      5m 21s
    4. Inserting line numbering
      3m 7s
    5. Vertically centering a cover page
      2m 43s
  9. 10m 15s
    1. Modifying a heading style to include a page break
      2m 21s
    2. Using multi-level numbering in heading styles
      3m 15s
    3. Saving style modifications for future use
      3m 5s
    4. Assigning a keyboard shortcut to a style
      1m 34s
  10. 9m 24s
    1. Adding captions to tables, figures, and charts
      3m 28s
    2. Using advanced table features
      5m 56s
  11. 20m 29s
    1. Using a drawing canvas
      2m 50s
    2. Creating transparent colors and removing backgrounds
      4m 1s
    3. Editing clip art
      3m 5s
    4. Cropping a picture with a shape
      2m 24s
    5. Aligning, distributing, and grouping graphics
      3m 24s
    6. Compressing images
      4m 45s
  12. 5m 16s
    1. Inserting text from a file
      1m 4s
    2. Linking Excel objects
      4m 12s
  13. 32m 13s
    1. Setting up odd and even pages
      2m 27s
    2. Formatting page numbering for different document sections
      4m 16s
    3. Inserting bookmarks
      3m 6s
    4. Inserting cross-references
      4m 14s
    5. Customizing a table of contents
      4m 21s
    6. Creating citations and a bibliography
      4m 18s
    7. Using a style reference in a header
      3m 41s
    8. Mastering Outline view
      5m 50s
  14. 12m 48s
    1. Saving ink and paper when printing
      3m 46s
    2. Printing a booklet
      2m 28s
    3. Printing document metadata
      1m 8s
    4. Updating fields before printing
      3m 27s
    5. Embedding fonts in the file
      1m 59s
  15. 33s
    1. Goodbye
      33s

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