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Moodle is an online tool that allows educators to interact with students outside the classroom and manage a course from anywhere. In Moodle Essential Training for Teachers, Chris Mattia shows how this program works for teachers on three levels: disseminating information, creating a forum where ideas are exchanged, and assessing the progress of students. Chris shows how to build course materials with Moodle's HTML editor, post assignments, and save time by using Moodle's grade book to evaluate tests automatically and organize scores. Exercise files accompany the course.
Now let's create a short answer question. A short answer question is one that will allow students to type in an answer to your question and Moodle will compare the result of what the student typed in to a list of possible choices that you've entered in that are correct answers. To do this, simply click the dropdown menu for Create a new question and select Short Answer from the dropdown menu. The Category for this question will again be Identification of Organisms.
For the Question name, we'll enter in Short Answer for the simplicity's sake of this training. Now, we'll go ahead and enter in the Question text. The question here is, What is the scientific name of this animal? We then want to include two types of media to depict the animal. The first way is to click the dropdown menu at the bottom for Image to display. We'll look for the file named Images/Gymnothorax _funebris.jpg. We've used this image several times before. It's the green moray eel. But we also know from previous exercises that there is a video file out on YouTube that would be a great thing to input directly into this question.
To do that, we'll need to go find that Embed code up on YouTube again. Hit Command+T or Ctrl+T on your keyboard to open a new tab, then go to YouTube. We'll do a quick search for moodle_ esst_teachers, and there we can find the video for Gymnothorax Funebris that we've seen earlier. We'll click on the link for that file. Then we'll select the code in the Embed field. We'll copy it with Command+C or Ctrl+C, close the YouTube tab and return back to our course.
We'll then click the Toggle HTML Source button, hit Enter or Return on our keyboard and press Command+V or Ctrl+V in order to paste the Embed code for the YouTube video. We can then return back to the standard view by toggling the source back and then scroll down on our window to complete the setup of this question. We'll leave the default question grade set to 1 with a penalty factor of 0.1. We'll leave the General feedback blank, and then we'll need to decide if we want our answers to be case-sensitive or not. In this case, for simplicity's sake, we'll leave this set to No. Case is not important, meaning that any capitalization that we enter into any of our answers below will be ignored by Moodle.
If the answer is more correct to have capitalization, then you could say Yes, case must match. And then depending on what you set the value for the Grade, you can give partial credit for an answer that does not have the correct capitalization. For our case, we'll leave this set to No and then come down to the first answer. Here, we'll begin by entering the most correct answer for this question, which is to type in the full scientific name of this organism, which is Gymnothorax funebris. We'll make the Grade value for this answer set to 100%.
Then we'll scroll down in the list to give the second answer. In this case, we want to let the students who may not remember what the full genus name is, but they do remember the specific epithet, so we can give partial credit for G. funebris. We'll make this answer worth only 50%. Next, we'll scroll down in the list to where we find Answer 3. Here, we want to give partial credit for students who remember the genus of the organism but may not remember the rest of the name. So in this case, we'll simply type in Gymnothorax and we'll give that answer a value of 50% as well.
Now we could end this question right here, but it would be nice to add in some partial credit if a student just remembers the common name of the organism. So we'll click the button for Blanks for 3 More Choices. As soon as the page refreshes, we can see the video file is actually being displayed now inside of our Test blank. We can scroll down in the window to Answer 4, and here we can give the common name of Green Moray, and for a common name, we're only going to give 25%.
If a student can only remember that this is an eel, we'll select Answer 5, type in the name Eel, and give it a partial credit of only 10%. Next, we'll scroll down all the way to the bottom and click the Save changes button. We'll test the question by clicking on the Preview icon next to Short Answer. Now we can see the question that we asked is up here at the top. Then we have our video that's being piped in directly from YouTube so that the students can play the video and see the animal in action. We can then scroll down in the window, we can see the image is being pulled directly from the files and folders inside of our Moodle course, and then we have the blank where we can enter in a correct answer.
Let's begin by testing the correct answer of Gymnothorax funebris. We'll click the Submit button. The page refreshes for us and as we scroll down, we can see that we got the question correct and we're given the full 1 point. Now what happens if we get rid of the funebris and we just have Gymnothorax? We click the Submit button again, scroll down in our window, and now we're shown that we get a partial credit indicated by the yellow checkmark instead of the green, and we can see that we've only gotten half credit for this question.
Go ahead and test the other answers that you entered in earlier to make sure that they all work properly. You may also want to note that if a student misspells the word, so say for instance, they just type in Gymnothora and they hit Submit, and scroll all the way down, they're not given any credit at all. Now this answer will be stored inside of Moodle, so if you want to go back later on and give additional partial credit, you're able to do that. But Moodle itself will grade this as a wrong answer and not give any credit to the student.
Let's go ahead and close the Preview window and next, we'll create an essay question.
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