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Moodle is an online tool that allows educators to interact with students outside the classroom and manage a course from anywhere. In Moodle Essential Training for Teachers, Chris Mattia shows how this program works for teachers on three levels: disseminating information, creating a forum where ideas are exchanged, and assessing the progress of students. Chris shows how to build course materials with Moodle's HTML editor, post assignments, and save time by using Moodle's grade book to evaluate tests automatically and organize scores. Exercise files accompany the course.
Now that we have set up our categories and created all of the questions that we need for our exams, let's go ahead and create a quiz inside of our Moodle course. To do this, go back up to the upper left hand corner of your screen and click on BIOL432. Next, scroll down to the week of May 4th through May 10th, which is when we are going to give the final exam for our course. We now want to add an activity of a quiz. So click the dropdown menu for Add an activity and select Quiz. We'll then give the quiz a name of Final Exam. We can give the students an introduction to the Final Exam. 'This is the Final Exam for this course.' We then scroll down and begin setting up the various parameters for our exam.
The first set of options relates to Timing. We want this quiz to be available all the time. If we want it to only show up on a particular day and time, we can set that date range here. Be sure, when you select the time that the quiz is available, you remember that the quiz time is set on a 24-hour clock. So if you want to have the quiz available from, say, 1 O'clock in the afternoon, it would be 1300 hours until a later time. We are going to go ahead and leave both of these options for Open the quiz and Close the quiz, Disabled for simplicity sake during the training.
Next, you can set the Time limit that the students are able to take the exam for. If we check the box for Enable, we can set the number of minutes that the students have to complete the exam. We could say, for instance, they get 60 minutes to complete the exam. Next, you can set a Time delay between the first and second attempt. If you want to allow students to have multiple attempts at this quiz, you can set this up so that in between each time the student takes the quiz, they have to wait some designated amount of time. This will allow them to go back and study some materials before going back and making another attempt. In our case, we are going to leave both of these options set to None.
The second option set Time delay between later attempts, would set the same parameters between first and second attempts but if the students attempt the quiz more than twice, you can have finer grained control by setting it different time periods that the students will have to wait before they make their third, fourth or additional attempts. Next, we have set of parameters that will allow you to control how your quiz will be displayed. If you want to have your entire quiz displayed as one long screen, so that the students can scroll through all of the questions and see them all at one time, you can set the Questions per page to be Unlimited or if you want to have only one question or multiple questions available per page, you can set that here. In our case, we'll go ahead and set this to 1, so that we can see one question on screen at a time and the students have to navigate between each question.
We can also choose to Shuffle the questions. If we want all of the questions to appear in a set order, we would leave this set to None but if we want the questions to appear in a random order, which may be advantageous to you in a setting where the students are all at computer terminals next to each other, so that the likelihood of two students next to each other having the same question appear on the screen is much lower. In our case, we'll go ahead and leave Shuffle questions set to None. If we want to Shuffle within questions, that would overwrite additional parameters so that multiple choice answers would get shuffled within an individual question.
Next, we can say whether or not, we want to have our students to be allowed to have multiple attempts at this quiz. Since this is our Final Exam, we could set this to 1 attempt so the students can take the exam only one time. For demonstration purposes in this training, we'll go ahead and leave this set to Unlimited. The next option of Each attempt builds on the last would allow students taking multiple attempts of your quiz to have their grades accumulate over each attempt that they make. If you set this parameter to No, then each time the student takes the exam, the previous results will be wiped out and only the new answers will carry forward.
The next option of Adaptive mode allow students to take a quiz using multiple attempts but within an individual quiz after they have answered a particular question, if they get the question wrong, they can attempt that question again right there at that time. Each different attempt on each question then gets added together and any penalties that have been set up for each question begin being applied to each wrong answer. If we scroll down to the next section for Grades, we can choose how we want the quiz to be graded. If we set the first option of Highest grade, then whichever attempt that the student got the highest grade on, that's the grade that will be assigned in the Grade Book. If we select Average grade, then grades from all attempts that the student makes will be averaged together. First attempt will only input the grades from the first time the student attempts the quiz into the Grade Book. All other attempts will be considered practice. If we select Last attempt, then only the results from the last time the student takes the exam will those grades be entered into the Grade Book. In our case, we'll go ahead and set this to Highest grade.
Next, we can choose whether or not we want to have the penalties applied to each question. One of the options that we set up when we are setting up our questions was the penalty for each wrong answer. By default, this is usually set to 0.1. In our case, we are going to say No, so that none of the penalties get applied. Next, we can set the number of decimal places that the grades will be calculated out to. The default is set to 2, which is fine for our calculations.
The next block of option allows us to set how we want the reviewing of each quiz to take place. We have three different categories here, Immediately after an attempt, Later while the quiz is still open, and After a quiz is closed. You can choose how you want to provide feedback to the students; whether you want to provide it immediately while they are taking the quiz or later after they have been through all of the questions but they have not yet submitted the overall answers or they can only see all of their feedback after they have completed the entire exam. We'll go ahead and leave all of these options checked. Each option will pull-up additional information that we may have entered as part of each question as we were setting them up.
The next block down allows us to set Security parameters. The first option here is Show quiz in a "secure" window. If we selecting Yes, then when students begin taking the quiz, their browser will enter into a full screen mode so certain controls of their mouse and keyboard will be disabled. This can provide a slightly more secured area than just allowing students the ability to take the quiz inside of the normal browser. However, this is a minor level of security. So you may want to give this a try and see how it works in your particular environment. In our case, we are going to leave the secure window set to No.
We can choose whether or not we want a password set on our quiz. This is often times a good idea so that you can post the quiz, it's there available but then at the time you are ready to start the exam, you can give the secret password to all of the students that have shown up to take the exam or you can distribute it out at the time when you are ready to release the exam. Likewise, if you want to have additional control over which specific machines can see and take the exam, then you can work with the IT Department at your institution and determine a select number of IP addresses that correspond to specific computers in your computer lab or on your campus network so that your students must go in at a particular location in order to take the exam. This is often useful if you have a testing facility that set up to set the network address range for the computers inside of your testing facility or inside of your computer lab.
As we scroll down, we can next set how we want this quiz to work within our group settings. Because we want all students to take this quiz, we'll go ahead and leave this set to No groups or leave visibility set to Show. We don't need to set an ID number and we want to set the Grade category to Exams. Finally, you have the ability to add some Overall feedback that would be provided to the students after they have finished taking the exam and their grades have been calculated. So for instance, if a student gets 100%, the feedback they can get here could be, Great job! You can set the percentages here for additional levels of feedback if you'd like. We'll go ahead and leave the rest blank. We'll scroll down to the bottom and click the Save and return to course button.
Now we can see inside of our block, we have our Final Exam link and if we click on that, we are taken into the set up so that we can add the specific questions out of our question pool into this quiz.
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