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Moodle is an online tool that allows educators to interact with students outside the classroom and manage a course from anywhere. In Moodle Essential Training for Teachers, Chris Mattia shows how this program works for teachers on three levels: disseminating information, creating a forum where ideas are exchanged, and assessing the progress of students. Chris shows how to build course materials with Moodle's HTML editor, post assignments, and save time by using Moodle's grade book to evaluate tests automatically and organize scores. Exercise files accompany the course.
The next type of question that we want to add is a multiple choice question. To do this, simply click the dropdown menu for Create a new question, and select Multiple Choice from the dropdown menu. We'll begin by categorizing the question. This is going to be another Identification of Organisms question, so we'll leave that set as the choice. Then for the simplicity of this training, we'll go ahead and set the question name to Multiple Choice. Inside the Question text, we'll go ahead and write the question, "The coral depicted here is one commonly referred to as a brain coral.
The scientific name for this coral is what?" We'll then scroll down in the window and select the dropdown menu for Image to display. We want the students to identify the coral Diploria Labyrinthiformis. So we'll scroll down until we find the listing for Images/Diploria_labyrinthiformis.jpg. We'll leave the Default question grade set to 1 and the Penalty factor set to 0.1. Next, we'll scroll down in the window until we get to the section where we can select how we want the answers to work. The dropdown menu gives us two choices: Multiple answers are allowed or One answer only. Because we're only going to have one correct answer, we'll go ahead and leave this set to One answer only.
If we wanted to have multiple correct answers and have students select multiple of them, we could have that choice set here. The next option allows us to shuffle all of the possible answers. This means that if two students are sitting next to each other and they can see each other's computer screens and they both end up on the same question at the same time, chances are very good that the order in which the answers appear will not be the same. So a correct answer of A on one student's screen may be a correct answer of C on the other student's screen.
The next dropdown allows us to select how we want the answers to be numbered. The default is lowercase a, b, c, but we could also choose to have uppercase A, B, C, the numbers 1, 2, 3, or no numbering at all. We'll leave our question set to lowercase a, b, c. Next is where we begin entering the answers that will be displayed for our students. Simply typing in the text of our answers is a perfectly acceptable way to generate the text that we want to have displayed to our students, and is the most common way of creating a question of this type. So for the first answer, we'll enter in Montastrea cavernosa. Now this is not the correct answer, so we'll make sure that the Grade dropdown menu is still set to None.
Then we'll scroll down to Choice 2. We could continue adding a variety of text-based answers into these questions, but that doesn't really leverage the power of an online assessment. What would be interesting is to have the students to be able to click on an audio file that would have a correct pronunciation of the organism that's being displayed. And we're already set up to do that from previous exercises, where we uploaded a bunch of audio files into our Files and Folder section. However, getting that audio file to display inside of this Answer blank is a bit tricky, but there is a way to do it.
Simply come down into the Feedback section, which is a standard HTML editor. We'll type in the word Pronunciation then select the word Pronunciation and click on the Insert a Web Link button in the HTML editor. We can then click the Browse button at the bottom of the screen and browse over to our Audio folder, then to our mp3 folder and then scroll down until we find Diploria_labyrinthiformis.mp3. We'll click on the link for that file and the exact URL to that location will be entered in to the URL blank.
For Title, we'll go ahead and simply enter in Audio File. Next, we'll click the OK button and the link has been created for us. Now we're not able to simply copy and paste this link directly into the Answer blank. It wouldn't work if we did that. But what we can do is we can come over and use another trick of the HTML editor, and that is toggle the HTML source for the code that's been written for us. Now we see the HTML code that establishes the link to that audio file.
Let's select that code, copy it by hitting Command+C or Ctrl+C on our keyboard and paste that code into the Answer blank by hitting Command+V or Ctrl+V. Now we can get rid of the code from our Feedback section and return the Feedback section back to the standard WYSIWYG editor. So what we're doing here is we're using the HTML editor in the Feedback section to write some unique code for us to make the audio file play correctly. This is a great trick to enhance your tests and quizzes.
Since this is the correct audio file, we'll click the dropdown for Grade and make sure we select 100%. That way if a student selects this audio file, it will be graded as the correct answer. Next, we'll come down to Choice 3 where we can enter in another audio file. To do this, simply come down to the Feedback section, type in Pronunciation, select it, click the Insert a Web Link button, click the Browse button, navigate to our Audio files folder, click on mp3, then select another audio file. In this case, we'll select Acropora palmata. Again, for the Title, we'll type in Audio File and click OK.
We'll click back on the Toggle HTML Source, select the code that's been written for us, copy that code with Command+C or Ctrl+C, then paste it with Command+V or Ctrl+V into our Answer blank. We'll get rid of the code from the Feedback section and return the Feedback section back to the standard HTML WYSIWYG editor. We can then scroll all the way down to the bottom of the page and click the Save changes button. The question has been added to our test pool. We can test it by clicking on the magnifying glass to preview the question. We can see then that the question that we wrote is listed in the top, the various choices are available to us at the bottom and we're able to click on the audio file.
(Male voice: Acropora palmata.) (Male voice: Diploria labyrinthiformis.) And select the correct answer. As we scroll down in the list, we can then hit Submit and see that our answer has been graded correctly. Let's go ahead and return back to our question pool by closing the Preview window for the multiple choice question. Next, we'll show you how to create a short answer question.
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