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Moodle is an online tool that allows educators to interact with students outside the classroom and manage a course from anywhere. In Moodle Essential Training for Teachers, Chris Mattia shows how this program works for teachers on three levels: disseminating information, creating a forum where ideas are exchanged, and assessing the progress of students. Chris shows how to build course materials with Moodle's HTML editor, post assignments, and save time by using Moodle's grade book to evaluate tests automatically and organize scores. Exercise files accompany the course.
To get started creating our first question, we'll simply select the dropdown menu for Create a new question. We'll come down to the bottom option, which is True/False. This is a very simple question type. We'll use this to illustrate a few points about online quizzes. So go ahead and click True/False from the dropdown menu and we are presented with the form to create our first question. The top of the form allows us to select the category that this question is going to be related to. The question that we are going to create is going to be related to the Ecology section of the course.
We will go ahead and select Ecology from the dropdown menu. We'll then give the question a name. Typically, you'll want to enter a question name that will allow you to readily identify the question in the overall listing of all of the other questions that you are going to be creating. For the purposes of the training videos though, we are going to put titles of our questions that will relate back to the specific movies that they are going to be related to. So in this case, we are going to go ahead and select question type of 'A simple first question.' We'll then come down to the box where we are able to add our question that we want to ask. The question is Hermatypic coral and zooxanthellae have a symbiotic relationship. We are going to go ahead and leave this text created as it is and we'll come back to this in just a minute.
If we scroll down on the page, we can look at some of the various options that are available to us. The question is going to be in HTML format, meaning any HTML code that we want to use up here in the top of the question will be executed. We are going to dive into this fact throughout the rest of this chapter in great detail, because this will allow us to really unlock the power of an online quiz. The next option is for image to display. By clicking on the dropdown menu, you are able to select any image that has already been uploaded into the Files and Folders section of your course. So all the work that you have already done creating images, uploading them into your site and organizing them will now be able to be leveraged inside of your test and quizzes. You will be able to quickly select images and have them displayed as part of the questions that you are asking.
For this particular question, we are going to leave this set to none. You're then given the option for default grade of the question. We are going to go ahead and leave all of our questions set to be worth one point, but you can choose any point value that you would like for any specific question. Some question types allows you to select a penalty factor, meaning that if a student enters a wrong answer, they can be penalized for some value of points. You then have the ability to add some general feedback to the students once they answer the question. If we scroll down, you can select the correct answer for the question. In this case the correct answer is True. So we'll select True from the dropdown menu, then we can provide additional feedback to the student in this blank. For this answer we'll simply add Good Job.
As we continue to scroll down in the page, the next section allows us to provide feedback for any false answers. In this case, we'll simply put Try Again. We'll then scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Save Changes button. This then enters the first question into our question bank pool. We can see that we are inside of the category Ecology and there is now one question that's listed inside of the category of Ecology. If we click this dropdown menu, we could choose to see just the Identification of Organism questions, Phylogeny, or default for Coral Reef Ecology which would show us all of the different questions that have been created underneath of this category.
To preview the question, let's go ahead and click the magnifying glass to the left of the first question. This pops open a new window for us and we can see the question that we've created and the answers that have been provided. If we select False and click Submit, we can see that the answer is marked wrong and the feedback that we provided is given to the student. We can click the button for True, click the Submit button, and we can see the feedback that we provided as well. Now you may have noticed that the two words hermatypic corals and zooxanthellae are both hot linked. If we click on the word zooxanthellae, it's going to open up the main glossary that we set up earlier to give the students a definition of that term.
Now more than likely, you do not want to provide this level of interactivity inside of a quiz, you may want to. So it's a good idea to show you that it's possible that it's here. But let's go ahead and show you how to turn this off. We'll go ahead and close this window for the Glossary. Then we'll close the window for the preview of the question. Next we'll go back in and we'll edit the first question. To do that, simply click on the hand with a pencil icon to the left of the first question and we are taken back into the editing section of our question. We know that the terms hermatypic corals and zooxanthellae are both linked to terms inside of our Glossary. So we'll select hermatypic corals, then we'll click on this icon for Prevent automatic linking.
What this will do is it will prevent the linking of the Glossary items to this term. We'll go ahead and select zooxanthellae and select the Prevent auto linking as well. Now you could select all of the text inside of this box and choose Do not auto link any of it. So let's scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Save changes button and then preview the question again by clicking on the magnifying glass. Now when we preview the question, neither hermatypic corals nor zooxanthellae are hot linked back to their Glossary terms. Let's close the preview. Next, we'll step to creation of each of the different question types. We'll even include a bunch of multimedia including audio, images, video, and maps to be able to enhance the students' experience.
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