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As we add, remove and refine our sequence, there will inevitably be times when we need to reorder and reposition material. The simplest way to do this is using the Segment Insert and Segment Overwrite tools. If I come over here to the Timeline palette and engage the Segment Overwrite tool, like so, now if I wanted to move this valley clip further up in my sequence, if I highlight the clip and drag it to the left, notice what happens. Only the video has come along for the ride. The audio has stayed positioned where it was.
So let's undo that: Command+Z on the Mac, Ctrl+Z on a Windows machine. This time let's engage the Link Selection toggle. Now when I click down and drag my clip, you can see that I'm actually taking the audio with the video. You can also see that as I drag using Overwrite mode, I am overwriting any clips that I happened to park over. In fact, if I did it again, I would have eliminated the rushing water clip.
If instead I were to toggle off the Lift/Overwrite mode and toggle on the Extract/Splice-in mode, we would get a different behavior. Let's drag the valley clip here, this clip, through to the beginning of the water clip, so click down, hold, drag, and I am going to drag it all the way to the beginning of the Timeline and let go. Look what happened. Instead of overwriting the water clip, the Valley clip inserted itself at the beginning of the sequence and pushed everything in the Timeline further down to make room.
That's what happens when you are moving clips around in the Timeline using either the Extract/Splice-in or the Lift/Overwrite segment modes. Let's do a different example with the Segment Overwrite arrow. So far, we have been positioning clips free fall, just dropping them where they may. If I wanted to snap a clip to a particular location, I could do it like this. I am going to hold down the cobweb clip, and I am going to hold down the Ctrl key on my Windows keyboard, or the Command key on my Mac keyboard.
Now, I can snap directly to the end of a clip, to the Timeline Position indicator, to the beginning of a click, or the beginning of the next click. So you can see I can actually position clips on the basis of significant moments in the Timeline, like so. The same would be true if I use the Extract/Splice-in mode. If I want to accurately position the cobweb clip at the beginning of my sequence, click, hold down, and hold down Command on the Mac or Ctrl on a Windows machine, drag, and now I know that I've inserted that clip directly at the beginning of the Timeline.
This is important. If I undo that look what happens if I do it again, but I don't hold down Ctrl, and I accidentally drop it just a couple of frames from the beginning. Now, I am going to get a little bit of the original clip, followed by the next clip. So to avoid flash frames like that, use the Snapping function in your Timeline to align your clips up accurately. So far, I've been working by toggling backwards and forwards between the Lift/Overwrite and the Extract/Splice-in mode.
Another way to work will be to engage both arrows at the same time. Now when I move over into my sequence, you can see that if I hover over the lower portion of my clip, I get Extract/Splice-in mode. If I hover over the upper portion of my clip, I get Lift/Overwrite mode. If I now wanted to overwrite the end of this clip with the valley, then I would click down on the upper portion of my clip, and I am in Lift/Overwrite mode. If I wanted to reposition the water clip at the beginning of my sequence, click down on the lower portion of my clip, and now I can drag that to the beginning of my sequence and let go.
The ability to move and reposition clips without losing sync between audio and video is controlled by the Link Selection toggle, by using either the Extract/Splice-in or the Lift/ Overwrite modes, either separately or in conjunction with each other, makes a very easy and intuitive approach to editing.
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