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One of the most important tools you have at your disposal when color correcting are your eyes. Why is this? Well, videoscopes, which measure video signal in very specific units, do you no good, unless they know what part of the image is supposed to be certain values. You need your eyes and your brain to say what parts of the image are supposed to be white, which parts are supposed to be black, is it generally bright or dark, is there a color cast, and so on. So in this movie, we'll talk about all of the questions you need to ask yourself before you even approach a videoscope.
First of all, you need to ask yourself what part of the image is supposed to be white. As we look at our image here, it looks like we have some hangers in the background that can serve as our reference white point, and they are definitely not white, so we're going to have to raise our whites to the proper value. Secondly, you need to ask yourself what in the image is supposed to be black. So we have a black dress here and some shadows in her hair and back here in the closet. And again, they are most decidedly not black; they're way too high, so we're going to need to lower our blacks.
Third, is the image too dark or too bright? Well, we definitely have inaccurate blacks and whites, so once we correct those, we'll have a better idea on how we need to brighten or darken the image from there. Fourth, is the image flat? Yes, we definitely have a flat image here. We're going to open up the tonal range by setting our blacks and whites, and that should help out a lot. Fifth, is there a colorcast? It looks like there is a colorcast, especially in the highlights, weighted towards yellow.
So we'll probably need to cool those down. We'll be able to take specific measurements for those, so that we can be really accurate there. Finally, how is the saturation level, especially in the flesh tones? Well, our flesh tones are really washed out here, and so we'll probably need to bump up the saturation, as well as warm those up, so that they are more accurate. The human eye is extremely sensitive to flesh tones, so we'll definitely need to fix that. She looks really pale now, so we'll need to warm her up, as well as bump up her saturation.
So as you see, even before we start looking how the video signal measures these images, we already have a pretty good idea of where we want to go in correcting them. Let's keep all this in mind as we start taking a look at the videoscopes, as we gather even more information about our shots.
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