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Mountain Lion is a multi-lingual operating system. As such, it provides you ways to not only change the language it uses, but also the formatting for time and dates. We'll look at just what this powerful System Preference can do now. Here's Language & Text, and you see there are four tabs. The Language tab is where you choose the language you want to use. By default, it's the language you chose when you set up your Mac. You can rearrange the order of languages by dragging them. For example, if I wanted my Mac to be French, I drag this to the top then I would restart and all my menus would change to French. And because applications are also multi-lingual, all my applications would be in the language that I chose.
Major languages appear here, but if you'd like to choose a less-used language, just click on Edit List and you'll see there's a long list of languages that you can choose, as well as variations within certain languages. You can also change the order for sorted lists, Standard or you can choose an order based on the language. Mountain Lion will autoformat certain symbols, so a true copyright symbol will appear when you type ©, and then you'll see the real copyright symbol instead of sort of this fake one that you've made.
It can also do fractions. These are off by default, but if you want a fraction to appear as a superscript or a subscript, you click that option and you'll have the results you desire. You can also add your own shortcut. For example, I'll click on plus, and I will say that "TTFN" will be replaced with "Tata for now." Press return, so I got a TextEdit, TTFN, press space, and it auto expands to be "Tata for now." If you like someone sitting over your shoulder and telling you how to correct your spelling, you can turn that on, and it's on by default.
As you're typing along, you misspell something that's a fairly common misspelling, the Mac will make the corrections for you, and you can choose what spelling you want to use, Automatic by Language, so if you happen to be in the U.S. using a U.S. Mac, but you're Australian and you want to spell "color" C-O-L-O-U-R and instead you typed C-O-L-O-R, it will automatically change it to the other spelling, or the opposite way around. You could choose how your Word Breaks are handled. You can ask that all quotes be smart quotes or you can change how the quoting style is done based on the language you're using, and the same thing with single quotes.
Region tab is where you choose and tweak the formatting to accompany your language. So if you choose a different Region, you'll see that the date, times, and numbers formatting changes as well. So if I choose the United Kingdom, time changes and their number in currency changes as well. So again, these are the major regions, but you can show all regions, and you have a much larger list. If you like, you can customize these fields. So dates, for example, you can choose a short, medium, long or full, and then you can choose exactly how these things are going to be named. And then there's Input Sources.
In the Input Sources tab, you cannot only choose keyboard layouts by enabling languages and then choosing them from the languages menu, but you can also enable the keyboard and character viewer layouts, which I showed you in another movie. If you like, you can choose a different input source based on your application, by changing this option here, so Allow a different one for each document. So for example, if I happen to be multi-lingual, by default, I have the United States keyboard layout enabled, but if I also wanted to have Arabic, you notice this little menu appears up in the Menu bar and I can choose a different layout here, so I can use U.S., or if I want, I can switch to Arabic and the flag will change to reflect that, and we'll turn that off here.
That covers all you need to know about the Language & Text System Preference.
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