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Mountain Lion, the ninth major release of Apple OS X, adds more than 200 new features to the operating system. In this workshop, author and expert Chad Chelius shows you how to take advantage of all the power that Mountain Lion puts at your fingertips. After learning how to install and set up the software, create and work with user accounts, and find your way around the interface, you'll get tips on using Mountain Lion to surf the web, send email, play audio and video, and much more. And you'll be introduced to new features like dictation, the Notification Center, and the Reminders, Notes, and Messages applications.
Once a user account has been created for one or more additional users on a computer, all users will need to be aware that they need to log in and log out of their accounts to gain access to the computer. This is a fairly simple process, but there are a few things to consider. Let's take a look. I'm going to come up here to the Apple menu, and I'm going to go to System Preferences to get started. And in the System category, I'm going to click on Users and Groups. Now, you need to be logged in as an administrator to see these options.
But I'm going to go ahead and click on Login Options, and you can see that this provides a number of choices for us that we can set up on this computer. Now, I'm going to authenticate with my administrative password, and now you'll see that I have these options available. Now, the first thing I want to do is, where it says Automatic Login, this is currently off on my computer. And when you're using a multi-user computer, like we're doing now, you probably want to leave this turned off. This option, when one of these accounts is chosen, it's going to ask you for a password, and that will automatically log in to that account when the computer reboots or when the computer starts up.
So again, it's a bit of a security breach, and I'd encourage you not to turn that on. So I'm going to go ahead and click Cancel. We'll leave that off. The second section here allows me to choose what is shown when the Login window is displayed. So either it'll list a list of users, or it's going to show a name and password field. Again the most secure option would be name and password. But if everybody on the computer knows each other and you're really not too concerned with security, a list of users is a little bit easier because it'll list each user's username. Now down here, this checkbox will show the Sleep, Restart and Shut Down buttons. You can turn on the Show Input menu in the Login, and you can also choose to show the password hints, which you saw when you set up the account. This next one is pretty useful.
This will enable Fast User Switching and it'll allow you to choose what is shown in the Fast User Switching menu, either the full name, the short name or just an icon. So, for our purposes, we'll leave it set to Full Name. So once you've set these properties, you're ready to log in an account using the computer. So I'm going to go ahead and close the System Preferences and to log out of an account, we're going to come up to the Apple menu and we're going to choose Log Out. You're going to have to confirm that, and then it's going to log that account out of the computer. In the Login window, we're seeing the options that we chose in those Login options.
So you can see we can choose which account we want to log into. We can choose to Sleep, Restart, or Shut Down the computer as well. So let's log into a different account. I'm going to click on Jane Doe. And I'm going to go ahead and enter Jane's password. So we'll go ahead and click the right arrow or press the Return key on your keyboard. And now you can see that we're logged in to the Jane Doe account, as indicated in this menu up here. Now to save some time, what we can do is you can click on this Fast User Switching menu, and that's going to list all the accounts that have been created on this computer.
Now if I'd like to log in as a different account such as Trainer, I can choose that option. It's going to ask me for the Trainer password, so I'm going to go ahead and type that password, and press Enter, and now, it's going to log in to that account. However, it hasn't actually logged out of the Jane Doe account. You can see this if you click on the Trainer menu up here. We can see that there's a check mark next to both of these accounts. This is a great way to quickly switch from one user to another without actually having to log out of the account, because when you log out, you're going to quit all of your applications. This actually allows those applications to remain running, it allows you to have all of your documents remain open.
And when you're ready to go back to another account, you simply choose the account you want to log back into, enter that user's password and it's just going to switch over to that account. Logging into and out of user accounts is pretty simple to do. Users just need to remember to log out of their account when they're finished, and then to log back in when they need to re-access their account. Using features such as Fast User Switching makes the process of logging in and out of accounts even easier as well.
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