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With the release of the Leopard operating system for Macs, Apple has added or updated more than 300 features. In Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard Essential Training, Macworld senior editor Christopher Breen explores each of Leopard's vital features. He walks viewers through the installation, then goes over how to use the interface and navigational elements, work with the Dock's stacking feature, and take advantage of the iLife applications, Safari, and Mail. These tutorials are designed for people who are new to the Mac or who are upgrading to the Leopard operating system.
The very first thing we're going to do is install Mac OS X. We boot it from the disk and you see at the top of the window, it says: Use English for the main language. This is the language that I speak, and therefore that's what I'm going to choose. You select that, and then you click the Next arrow. At this point, you can read more information by clicking More Information, but frankly, if you want Leopard you're going to click Continue.
Here's the License Agreement. Feel free to read it but I'm not going to. In the Select a Destination window, you have a couple options. You can Continue or you can click on Options. When you do click Options, you'll see you have three installation options. The first is to upgrade Mac OS X. Now when you upgrade Mac OS X what happens is the installer will do its best to place the operating system on a Macintosh that already has a version of OS X. So for example if you have Tiger on there, OS X 10.4, the installer will place OS X 10.5 on there and replace the files it needs to install Leopard.
The second option is called Archive and Install. What happens in this case is that the old system is placed in a folder called Previous System, and a new system is installed as a brand-new, brand-spanking new, all new parts. And that way you get a much cleaner install than you would with an Upgrade install. I prefer Archive and Install or the next option we'll eventually get to. Also when you do an Archive and Install, you have the option to Preserve Users and Network Settings. This means that when you install with an Archive and Install you'll get that previous system and then all your old settings will remain there. Your old username will continue to be there, all your applications and your documents and your preferences will be there as well. Things should operate exactly as they did before, the only difference now is that you actually have a new version of Mac OS X. In this case, you have Leopard.
And finally there's the last option and that is Erase and Install. When you perform an Erase and Install the Leopard installer will completely erase your hard drive. So all the data on it is wiped out. Do not choose Erase and Install unless you have a complete backup of your data. You do not want to choose this option if you haven't backed up your data, because all your data will be gone. That means all your pictures, all your word processing files and everything. Everything is gone. So again back up, and then at that point, choose Erase and Install. If you have a brand-new Mac that has a version of Tiger on it for example, and you have nothing that you've installed on it, go ahead and do an Erase and Install and you'll start out as clean as you possibly can. And that's the kind of installation we're going to perform because we want to start out at ground zero with a Mac configured just as Apple intended.
If you like, you can choose a Disk Format. By default Leopard chooses Mac OS Extended in parentheses Journaled. This a perfectly good way to go, so we're going to leave it just as it is. And we'll click OK to get out of this sheet. Now we're ready to continue so we click Continue. Now we're in the Install Summary. In the Install Summary screen you see a Customize button at the bottom left of the window. When you click this, this gives you the option to disable some installation components, and we'll take a look at what that looks like.
You'll see here that one thing you can do is select Printer Drivers. When you click the triangle next to it, you'll notice that it lists any number of printer drivers by manufacturer. You probably only have a couple of printers attached your Mac or connected to your network. If you really, really need to save space, and this means that you're installing onto a hard drive that doesn't have a lot of space on it, you may want to disable some of these printer drivers, printers that you never intend to use. The next option is Additional Fonts. Again, if you're really hard up for space, and look over to the right. You can see it only takes up 141 MB you can disable this option as well. I don't. Just let it install all the fonts it wants to.
The next option is Language Translations. Mac OS X is a multi-lingual operating system. It supports not only English but Spanish and Chinese and Korean and Dutch and any number of languages. If you like, you can weed out some of the languages and say look, I don't really need support for Esperanto for example. But again, it only takes up 1.9 GB. So if you have a modern Mac, it probably has at the least an 80 GB drive and you can afford this kind of room. But if you'd like to pull things out because you never expect that you're going to use Korean on your computer, feel free to take some of those out as well.
And finally there's x11. Barely takes up any room at all. It's kind of a geekish thing. Just leave it checked. Don't worry about it, and click Done. Now click Install to continue with the installation. Now the Mac OS installer will check the DVD to make sure that it's OK. First time uses, this is a good idea. I know it's going to take a little bit of extra time, but it's worth it. Go have a cup of coffee. OK we're back from our cup of coffee and let's see how the installation is doing.
Here it goes, it's starting to install. It's calculating the time remaining and my guess is, it's going to give us plenty of time to not only have another cup of coffee but maybe a sandwich as well. And what I mean by that is this can take several minutes, so just be patient and eventually Leopard will be installed on your Mac. And here we are about a minute away. Actually I think we're a little less than a minute. Just about done and when it's done we'll be told by the installer that it's complete and we're just about ready to start configuring the Mac.
And there it is! Install Succeeded. Click Restart to restart the Mac and don't worry if you miss that Restart button. The Macintosh will start up by itself if you're not there to click Restart. And here's our Mac starting up the indicated by that spinning wheel. This start up movie alone will make you happy that you have a copy of Leopard. This is so cool. I love this movie. I can watch it over and over again, but unfortunately, you only see it when you first install your Mac and your Mac restarts.
And here we are finally at the Welcome Screen. Now we're going to start configuring the Mac. Choose the country you live in. I live in the United States. And because I do that's selected. You can choose a different country. Click Continue. Select your keyboard in the US you can select US or Canada. This is an important window if you have a Mac that has data on it and you'd like to transfer that data from that Macintosh to the current Macintosh. This is using something called the Migration Assistant. It will ask you if you have information that you'd like to transfer from another Mac, from another volume on that Mac, from a Time Machine backup and we haven't gotten there yet so don't worry about that, or do not transfer my information now.
If you have another Mac and you'd like to transfer information to go ahead and select that option where it says from another Mac and at which point you'll click Continue, you will go to a different part of the installation that we're not going to show you. That will take you through Migration Assistant. Migration Assistant will essentially ask you to string a FireWire cable between your old Mac and your new Mac. On your old Mac you'll restart the computer holding down the T key to boot into something called FireWire Target Disk Mode.
And I know that sounds frightening, but it's not. What will happen is the Mac will boot up and there'll be this little FireWire symbol that looks sort of like a Y, that will scroll across your screen. Pay no attention to it. At that point Migration Assistant will take over and say, "Aha, I see your other Mac, I will now transfer your data over to the new Mac." Again we're not to show this to you, but it is very simple and the Mac walks you right through it. So feel free give it a try. But we on the other hand are going to put nothing transferred over because we want a clean install of OS X.
So we click Continue. At this point I am prompted to enter my Apple ID. You may not have one and that's perfectly okay. I happen to have an Apple ID and I'm now entering it. And I will also enter my password. Apple ID is used for things like a .Mac account or if you have an iTunes account you will enter your Apple ID here, along with your password and then it makes it easier for you to get on to something like the iTunes store once you're up and running and running iTunes.
And when you've entered that information click Continue. Here's your Registration Information. You enter in your name, your last name, your address, e-mail address, city, state. You need to enter this information. If you don't you'll be told, Aha! You need to do this. It won't let you continue until you enter address, city and that sort of information. So go ahead and do that. And here's one additional tip on registration information. If you have to reinstall Leopard at some point, you don't need to register again. All you have to do is press Cmd+Q to quit and a little dialog box will appear that offers as an option Skip and so you can then just click that to skip the registration. And click Continue.
They have a few more questions and you have the option to Stay in Touch. If that is selected and Apple has your e-mail address, they will send you little bits of advertising every so often. I don't care to stay in touch that way so I often, let's face it, I always uncheck that box. You're welcome to keep it checked or unchecked, as you like. And they will also ask you what best describes what you do. Tell them or not, it's up to you. But you do have to make some kind choice there. And click Continue.
Now we're creating our account. This is where my real name appears at the top, then you create a short name, as I've done here, enter a password and verify that password. When creating passwords don't do something really simple. You don't want to do something that somebody's going to guess. Like don't enter password for your password or 12345 or abcde. Be a little creative. Try to come up with something that's difficult for other people to guess, but easy for you to guess and in this case, they offer the password hint field. I'm not going to fill it in, but if you think you might forget your password, enter something in the hint that's going to remind you later.
And when you're ready, click Continue. At this point I have signed up for a trial .Mac account through Lynda.com and Apple would love to have me as a permanent member. .Mac costs $99 a year. There are a lot of benefits to it and we're going to talk about some of those benefits throughout this series, but it's up to you at this point, if you want to join or not. Maybe you want to watch the rest of these videos to see if it's worth it to you at which point Apple is more than happy to take your money and sign you up for .Mac.
You can agree to become a .Mac member or simply check another one of the options and then click Continue. And Apple thanks you, and isn't that nice, and we thank Apple because they make cool stuff and we click Go to get to OS X. And here it is. Finally we're at the desktop. We're ready to start using Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard. I don't know about you but I can hardly wait. And now let's you and I walk forward hand in hand to explore all the wonders of Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard.
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