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In this lesson we are going to dive a little bit deeper into something we touched on at the beginning of this chapter as we toured the desktop; I call it the Menulets, the proper term is Menu Extras. Now if you are an Ex-Windows user, you are probably used to looking the bottom right hand corner of your screen to see the current time for example or maybe to see other status icons including your speaker volume for example. Well we don't have a tray down in the bottom right hand corner here on the Mac but we do have our Menu Extras up here on the right hand side in the top of our Menu bar.
So here you can see I do have icon for my Speaker Volume as well as the current time showing up. We have got this little American flag telling me I have got an American set of keyboard characters set and I have got my Spotlight icon up here as well. So how did they get there, how do we adjust those, how do we add and remove some of those Menu Extras we see in the top right hand corner? That's what we are going to do right now. We are going to start with this guy right here the Speaker Volume, when I click on it; yes I can adjust my speaker volume but how did they get there? Well, anything that appears as a Menu Extra on the Menu bar up here has to be turned on through the System Preferences using a check box.
So if we were to go the Apple menu for example and come down to System Preferences and we will be spending a great deal of time in the System Preferences later on in this chapter but right now I just want to show you a couple of options. For example in the Systems section we have got Date & Time, if I click on that icon I see a check mark here; we are in the Clock section Show date and time in menu bar is turned on I know by that check mark in the check box. Its also being viewed as a Digital clock showing AM and PM as well, I look over here and sure enough there is my digital clock and it does say PM after.
If I didn't want the time showing up there, I just deselect it by deselecting the checkbox it's gone, its no longer up there. I do like that one though, so I'm going to bring it back, I'm going to turn it back on and I'm also going to adjust some of these settings maybe Analog would be cool. When I choose the Analog radio button, it's not cool at all it's actually very hard to tell what time it is. So I'm going to go back to Digital and maybe it would be nice to Show the day of the week as well, just to remind me that hey today is Friday. I can also have the time separators that little colon between the hour and minutes flashing if I wanted to, I don't need that and I can also use a 24-hour clock if I prefer but I don't need that either.
Now if I prefer to have the time announced to me, to hear a verbal reminder of the time I can choose Announce the time and then I can choose whether it be every hour, on the half hour, on the quarter hour, I can even customize the voice. I don't need that I can see the time but not everybody can; so this is a great accessibility feature if you need to hear the time you can just turn it on here from the Announce the time check box. Alright, I'm going to go back by clicking the back button here and notice in System Preferences it's almost like a web browser, we have a back button to go back to the previous screen which was all of our System Preferences here and maybe I wanted to look at that Volume icon.
Well, in this case I go down to Hardware and over to Sound and click on that and if you look down at the button here, under Output you will see there is a check mark in the check box labeled Show volume in menu bar. So, I can turn that off and now my icon is gone, no more Menu Extra up there for the Volume. But if you do like that there, turn it back on; you can adjust your output volume right from here if you wanted to as well but its nice to be able to access it right from the Menu bar.
So I'm going to go back and actually that's all I need for now just so you know that there are number of other options -- when we go through our System Preferences later on you will see check boxes that will allow you to view those items up here as a Menu Extra on your Menu bar. I'm going to go up to System Preferences right up here on the Menu bar and choose Quit System Preferences; Command Q is your keyboard shortcut. So that's how they got there, they are called Menu Extras or Menulets, if you hear people calling them Menulets that's the popular term for those extras that appear on your Menu bar in the top right hand corner of your user interface.
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