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In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.
Well the Graphical MIDI data in Logic is clear and precise, some composers still prefer to write their music with good old-fashioned notation. Logic has a very sophisticated built-in notation system. It lives in the Score Editor. The Score Editor allows you to view any MIDI region's content, but also, you can compose in it and customize it's display and create all kinds of sheet music, from orchestral scores to lead sheets, to guitar tablature. Let's dive into the Score Editor and see what it's all about. Like the Piano Roll Editor, you can't do anything in the Score Editor until there is a MIDI region to work from.
So let's draw a blank region into Steinway Piano Software Instrument track to get started. Next, we have our Pencil tool. Click once to make a new region, With that region selected, we'll go up to Window and choose Score. Also, Command+3 opens the Score Editor. So this is our default view of the Score Editor. Like other MIDI editors in Logic, there are local menus up top. There is a MIDI In and Out button and Parameter controls on the left. There are three areas in the left column to look at. On top is the Display Parameter box, where you can alter the overall look of your staff.
Below that is the Event Parameter box where any selected event, like a note, can be altered. Finally, on the bottom is the Parts Box, where you have access to the actual part elements of your score, things like notes, rests, text, ornaments etc. To get notes into the Score Editor, you can either record MIDI in real-time. Use Logic step input by playing one note at a time from your MIDI, or Caps Lock Keyboard, or the Step Input Keyboard. When you drag out a note from the Part Box to the main area, a pop-up window will open up under your mouse that's tells you what location and pitch you are at, as you drop the note. Let's try it.
(Piano playing.) You also hear the notes as you drag them in. Let's do one more. This time, we'll do a half note. (Piano playing.) and we'll finish out the bar with another quarter note. (Piano playing.) Once the notes are in there, you can edit pitch and position by clicking on them and dragging up and down. (Piano playing.) Again, the pop-up window will tell you what pitch you are at and location.
You can also change these parameters in the Event Parameter box, as long as you have a note selected, you can change it's Pitch, from here too. You also have access to the notes Velocity in the Event Parameter box. You can drag up and down on the numbers to change them or double-click and type them in manually. In the Part Box aside from notes, you can drag out other elements. The list of parts, will change depending on the style staff you have selected and the Part menu button you have selected. You can change the Part menu button by clicking on these different icons here, to give you different parts.
For example, you can pull out a guitar chord grid from the Part Box, if you click on the chord grid button. Let's try that. Pull out a chord grid and it opens up the Chord Grid Library. Here, you can audition different chords. Let's try C7. Click on it and hit Play. (Chord playing.) If that's the one we want, hit OK. It brings the C7 chord grid into our main area. As you can see, the view is a little cramped here. You can change it to, any time, to Page View by clicking on the Page button at the top of the window.
Here in Page View, we have a little more room to work. We can drag our chord grid up a little bit. You can even write lyrics in here. If you Click on the A button, that opens up our text possibilities. Take the Text icon and drag it right out into the main window. Now we can write in lyrics. To change the style of staff, you can go up to the main Parameters box. Right now, we are looking at Piano staff. We can change this to other instruments, if we want. For example, if we wanted to look at this in Guitar tablature, we can do that here. We can also look at other styles of Instruments, say, for example, Trumpet in Bb. Logic automatically changed the staff to the way a trumpet player would like to see it.
Let's go back to piano. It's important to know that besides notes and their durations and Velocity values, other ornamentation, like chord grids and lyrics, are strictly for viewing purposes only. They don't change the MIDI in any way. Now, let's close the Score Editor and let's open up this region in our Piano Roll Editor. As you can see, the three notes we made show up as regular MIDI events in the Piano Roll Editor, but the guitar grid and the lyrics don't show up here. Of course, this lesson is just a tip of the iceberg for the complex and multi- featured Score Editor, but it should be enough to get you going.
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