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Using the surround panner

From: Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

Video: Using the surround panner

Now that we're set up for surround, let's go into some techniques for panning in Logic Surround Panner. To put a track into Surround, let's choose steel go to the track output and choose Output > Surround. This gives as a Surround Panner, as you can see in the channel strip. It's hard to control from this view, but if we double-click on it, we get a pop-up window view of it. This is Logic's Surround Panner. As you can see, we are working with a 5.1 surround setup. We have got our left, center, right speakers, a left surround, a right surround and our LFE.

Using the surround panner

Now that we're set up for surround, let's go into some techniques for panning in Logic Surround Panner. To put a track into Surround, let's choose steel go to the track output and choose Output > Surround. This gives as a Surround Panner, as you can see in the channel strip. It's hard to control from this view, but if we double-click on it, we get a pop-up window view of it. This is Logic's Surround Panner. As you can see, we are working with a 5.1 surround setup. We have got our left, center, right speakers, a left surround, a right surround and our LFE.

The dot in the middle is called a puck. When we move the puck around the panner, if we have a surround set up you can hear the sound go around to the different speakers in our room. The Angle and Diversity displays are at the top of the window. They give you values depending on where you are with your puck. When the angle is at 0, the panner is directly up the middle in front. You double-click here and type 0. notice how the puck is right in the middle, in the front. When the angle is at -180, it's directly behind the listener.

The listeners represented right in the middle. That would be the sweet spot of our mixing room. When the value is positive, the puck is on the right. Right now, it's at +92. When the value is negative, the puck is on the left. Now it's at an angle of -92. Diversity is the amount the signal is spread to other speakers. It's a value between 0 and 1. In other words, at one, it's in all speakers at the same time. As it approaches 0, it's more defined to a particular speaker.

Right now, it's at 0 and the whole signal will be coming out of the left surround. If we have an Angle of 0 and a Diversity of 0, the sound would only be coming out of our center speaker. Let's put another track in this surround. This time we are going to do the afro drums track. I'll go into Stereo Output and change the Output again to Surround. Let's double-click this Surround Panner. Notice it looks a little different. That because this is a stereo software instrument track and we get a stereo panner in surround window.

Moving the center puck keeps the left and right signals linked. You can also experiment by clicking on the left or right independently to widen the image or narrow the image. Sometimes, you may want to place a sound across the front, but lower the center channel a bit. This can be done by panning across the front with a diversity of about 0.30 and lowering the Center Level a little bit. The LFE level, which is the 0.1 of your 5.1 system, can be accessed by turning up the LFE slider for any surround enabled channel.

This sends a signal to the LFE channel. You can use that for the low rumble we might need for certain sound effects. If you want more control or restriction of the amount of separation between channels, you can open the disclosure triangle at the bottom of the panner. This gives you more control between the values of zero and one for the left right front speakers, the rear speakers, or the front back percentage. When the number is at 0, for example, in the front, both speakers contain the same signal, or in other words a mono signal is coming out of your left and right speakers.

When you move it back to 1 you get more of a stereo image. Certain software instruments are made to natively output in surround and will give you that option when you call them up. An example of this is sculpture. Let's put it on the Instrument 1 track at the bottom of our Arrange window. Go to the I/O of this track. I'll choose Sculpture and here we get to choose Stereo, or in this case we'll do 5.1. This gives us a sculpture instrument that's automatically going to talk to the 5.1 outputs of our mix. You can see Logic automatically put the surround outputs on our channel strip.

Finally, some plug-ins have multi mono modes on surround enabled tracks. Let's put an EQ on the sculpture track to see. Choose EQ > Channel EQ > Multi Mono. I'll close this Sculpture window. This is a Multi Mono EQ. It looks like a normal EQ, except you have some Configuration controls at the top. Click on Configuration. This allows us to group certain surround outputs to different EQs. For example, lets put our left and right speakers on group A. They are already on group A, so we'll leave them there.

Let's put the center channel on group B and lets put the left and right surrounds on group C. Now if we click on L-R up top, we can make an EQ just for our left and right speakers. Then we can click on C, and we can have a different EQ for our center speaker. Then we can have another different EQ for our left surround and right surround speakers. Finally, we can have a separate EQ for just our LFE speaker by itself. So, in other words, Multi Mono EQ lets you have separate EQ controls over your different channels.

Remember, automation can be written to a surround channel when the track is in Touch, Latch or Write Mode. Let's hit the A button to go into our Automation view. If you wanted to write automation on this sculpture track, you can just put it in Touch Mode and it can perform automation on the panner as we hit Play. You can see we are writing automation already in the track. (Music playing.) This allows you to fly sounds around the room during your song, if that's you want to do. Surround mixing opens up a whole new world of possibilities to your mix.

It's up to you to decide whether you want to re-create a naturalistic room environment or a completely immersive listening space with sounds flying all around.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

74 video lessons · 28223 viewers

Scott Hirsch
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye
      37s

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