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In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.
Insert processing, like EQ and Compression, work well when inserted on a track and 100% of the signal goes through it. Some effects, like Reverb and Delay, sound better when we hear a blend of the effect and the original sound. Let's learn how to use Sends to set up this type of processing. On the N_Key effects track, Track 10, let's click under where it says Sends to create a Send. Sends go on buses. In this case, Bus 1 is already been used by the Drum Submix. Let's use Bus 2. Remember, a bus is an internal mixing pathway that can be used to move and combine signals from one place to another on the mixer.
In this case, the bus is taking our signal to the Aux 2 track. Logic automatically created the Aux 2 track for us when we made a send on Bus 2. Notice the input of Aux 2 is already set to Bus 2. So, we're sending some of the signal out of this track, over a send, on Bus 2 and it's returning to Bus 2 on this Aux track. Let's rename this Aux track to something more descriptive. Double-click on the name, and we call it Delay FX. Now let's insert a Delay as a plug-in on this Aux track.
Under our Inserts, choose Delay and we'll choose Tape Echo. This is one my favorite delay effects in Logic. We'll call the preset that I've like calle1\8 Note Dotted Dub. I'm going to Solo this track, so we can really hear what's going on. To turn up the amount sent to our Delay FX track, we'll click and drag in this little circle next to where it says Bus 2. That's our Send level. The higher up this level gets, the more signal will be sent to our Delay.
You'll hear what this sounds like when I hit Play and turn it up. (Music playing.) So, the way this signal flow is working is that the dry sound, the unaffected sound, is controlled by our Track Fader. The FX sound, or the wet sound, is being controlled by the Aux tracks level. The amount sent to that Aux track is controlled by the Sends.
We can blend the amount of dry and wet signal by turning up and down the Send level. I think it sounded good right around -14. Let's hear that again. (Music playing.) Now let's set up the same type of effect on the vocal track. We'll create a Send on Bus 3. You can see Bus 1 and Bus 2 are being used. Logic automatically made an Aux with it's input set to Bus 3.
And this time, instead of a Delay, we're going to put a Reverb. Let's see Space Designer and we'll make this one Stereo. It will take a Mono signal and convert it to Stereo. This is Space Designer. It's one of the best reverbs in Logic. Let's go to Medium Spaces > Plate Reverbs > Soft Plate for this vocal. Now, just like the key effects track, we can turn up the amount of Reverb effect by using the send knob. Let's do this with the song playing. (Music playing.) Using Sends for time-based effects like Reverb and Delay is a classic studio workflow that really puts the magic in your mix.
Just like sub-mixing, it also conserves processing power and gives you a lot of flexibility as you mix your song.
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