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Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks


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Logic Pro 9 Essential Training

with Scott Hirsch

Video: Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks

So far in our mix, all of the tracks have been assigned only to one place on their output, Stereo Output. Now we're going to mix things up a little bit and learn about some more advanced signal routing. By routing to auxiliary tracks, you can have more control over your mix. Let's see how to do this. By now, we are pretty solid on the individual levels of the 5 drum tracks in our song. I'm going to sub mix them to an auxiliary tracks to give us more flexibility. First, let's select all 5 Drums by dragging a selection around them. Now let's click in the Output tab of any of the drums and change it to Bus 1.
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  1. 1m 55s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 5s
  2. 17m 39s
    1. Installing the software
      3m 19s
    2. Launching Logic for the first time, using the templates
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding audio interfaces
      3m 35s
    4. Understanding MIDI interfaces
      5m 30s
  3. 32m 15s
    1. Getting to know the Arrange window
      5m 15s
    2. Using the many windows of Logic
      4m 13s
    3. Creating your own screensets
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Transport window and controlling playback
      4m 54s
    5. Using the Toolbox
      2m 37s
    6. Naming tracks and regions
      3m 27s
    7. Learning useful and custom key commands
      5m 18s
    8. Saving and going mobile with your project
      4m 8s
  4. 41m 41s
    1. Setting up for recording
      5m 43s
    2. Understanding Metronome settings or the click track
      4m 7s
    3. Understanding tempo
      4m 37s
    4. Recording live instruments and vocals using multitrack recording
      3m 56s
    5. Playing with guitar madness: Amp design
      5m 13s
    6. Playing with guitar madness: Pedal board
      4m 5s
    7. Working with takes recording and comping
      4m 51s
    8. Punching in to replace bad audio
      4m 51s
    9. Using Varispeed to create an old tape machine sound
      4m 18s
  5. 1h 8m
    1. Understanding MIDI
      4m 41s
    2. Using the Logic synth instruments
      7m 4s
    3. Working with the emulator instruments
      5m 23s
    4. Using the EXS24 sampler
      3m 7s
    5. Building tracks with Ultrabeat
      5m 31s
    6. Using channel strips to select a virtual sound
      5m 29s
    7. Understanding the basics of MIDI recording
      4m 38s
    8. Learning how to use MIDI with Cycle Record
      4m 9s
    9. Using Logic's step input
      4m 3s
    10. Mastering quantization
      6m 18s
    11. Working in the Piano Scroll window
      5m 33s
    12. Editing controller messages with Hyper View
      4m 8s
    13. Working with the Hyper Editor
      5m 29s
    14. Working with the Events List
      3m 20s
  6. 29m 49s
    1. Importing prerecorded audio into Logic
      4m 5s
    2. Exploring Apple Loops
      4m 40s
    3. Creating your own Apple Loop
      4m 21s
    4. Conforming tempo, region to session, or session to region
      3m 51s
    5. Using the new Flex Time feature
      5m 17s
    6. Beat mapping your project
      4m 41s
    7. Importing elements from project to project
      2m 54s
  7. 24m 15s
    1. Understanding the basic editing techniques in the Arrange window
      7m 5s
    2. Tips for editing and arranging
      3m 21s
    3. Editing and merging regions in the Arrange window
      3m 45s
    4. Mastering fades for audio region arranging
      4m 58s
    5. Fixing and morphing sound with the Sample Editor
      5m 6s
  8. 11m 12s
    1. Working with notes and composing in the Score Editor
      4m 26s
    2. Editing notes, keys, and time signatures
      3m 35s
    3. Creating scores and lead sheets for musicians
      3m 11s
  9. 9m 8s
    1. Setting up for a sync video project
      4m 50s
    2. Scoring music to video
      4m 18s
  10. 56m 32s
    1. Mixing philosophies and five tools for mixing
      3m 37s
    2. Setting up for a mix
      5m 11s
    3. Directing audio traffic with fader levels
      5m 7s
    4. Exploring Logic's panning features
      4m 37s
    5. Exploring inserts: Using EQ as a mix tool
      6m 51s
    6. Exploring inserts: Using compression as a mix tool
      5m 38s
    7. Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks
      3m 12s
    8. Using advanced signal flow with time-based FX to create space in your mix
      3m 44s
    9. Using automation to create dynamic mixes
      6m 22s
    10. Giving your mix life with automation
      2m 45s
    11. Optimizing performance with freeze tracks
      4m 42s
    12. Using channel strips for audio processing
      4m 46s
  11. 16m 7s
    1. Understanding surround hardware requirements
      4m 5s
    2. Building surround mixing workflows
      6m 17s
    3. Using the surround panner
      5m 45s
  12. 15m 48s
    1. Bouncing down your song
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding why alt mixes are a good idea
      2m 22s
    3. Exploring Logic's export options
      3m 37s
    4. Mastering your own Logic project
      4m 18s
  13. 37s
    1. Goodbye
      37s

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Logic Pro 9 Essential Training
5h 25m Beginner Mar 09, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Logic Pro 9 Essential Training, Scott Hirsch explains how to harness the power and flexibility of Logic Pro, Apple’s popular songwriting software, to record, edit, and mix music. The course includes instruction on how to compose in Logic Pro, and spend more time being creative and less time dealing with technical uncertainties. Scott focuses on setting up a workspace, recording with both live performers and digital instruments, editing and arranging, and mixing and mastering a composition. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Navigating the Logic Pro interface
  • Setting up for recording
  • Enabling multiple inputs for a live performance
  • Exploring Logic's arsenal of virtual instruments
  • Working with powerful MIDI editors and sequencers
  • Beatmapping, varispeed, and tempo adjustment in the timeline
  • Creating and re-using Apple loops
  • Editing music: Moving and snapping regions, cutting and looping
  • Transcribing a score and creating lead sheets in the Score Editor
  • Syncing with video
  • Mixing audio and creating dynamic mixes
  • Understanding surround sound requirements
  • Exporting a song from Logic Pro
Subjects:
Audio + Music DAWs
Software:
Logic Pro
Author:
Scott Hirsch

Using advanced signal flow with aux and send tracks

So far in our mix, all of the tracks have been assigned only to one place on their output, Stereo Output. Now we're going to mix things up a little bit and learn about some more advanced signal routing. By routing to auxiliary tracks, you can have more control over your mix. Let's see how to do this. By now, we are pretty solid on the individual levels of the 5 drum tracks in our song. I'm going to sub mix them to an auxiliary tracks to give us more flexibility. First, let's select all 5 Drums by dragging a selection around them. Now let's click in the Output tab of any of the drums and change it to Bus 1.

Notice that since they're all selected, they all went to Bus 1. Logic is pretty smart and the second you make a bus, it makes a corresponding auxiliary track. To see this, we have to go down to the end of the Mixer. There it is, Aux1. Notice that Aux 1's input is already set to Bus 1. The buses are already routed to this Aux track. A bus is an internal mixing pathway that can be used to move and combine signals from one place to another on the Mixer. Let's double-click the bottom of this Aux track to give it a better name. We'll call it Drum Sub.

That's because this is technically going to be a drum sub mix we're setting up here. Now let's right-click on this Channel Strip and choose Create/Select Arrange Track. This will put it out in Arrange window. Let's hit Command+Tilde to see that. There it is, Drum Sub, at the bottom of our tracks. Let's drag it up closer to where the drums are. I'll put it just after the last drum track, the overhead right drum. Now if we go back to the Mix window, everything will be together. We have our 5 drums and then the Drum Sub Mix. Remember, all 5 drums are going out Bus 1 and they're going through the Drum Sub mix and coming out to Stereo Output.

The Drum Sub mix is now a master volume control for all 5 of these drums. Let's see what I mean by this. (Music playing.) So, now our Drum Sub Mix gives us control over all the drums with one fader. This is really useful when we're mixing. We can also use the Drum Sub Mix to process all of the drums at once.

To do this, we'll insert a compressor on the track and that compressor will compress all 5 tracks at the same time, since they're all running through this Aux Track. We'll use a Compressor Preset here. Let's try Drums > Type U Tight Kit. It's a compressor designed already for a whole Drum Kit. Let's see what this sounds like. (Music playing.) That's good. This compressor is acting like the glue that's gluing all these tracks together as it goes through the Sub Mix.

Just to reiterate, the signal flow is going out Bus 1 for all of these tracks, into Bus 1 of the Drum Sub, through the compressor and then out the Main Stereo Output. You can use this kind of routing any time you see fit to combine the outputs of multiple tracks. It makes it easier to mix and it saves on plug-in processing power.

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